Building a National Adaptation Plan in Nepal
Agriculture in Nepal is highly dependent on the monsoon and production fluctuates with the weather. Such fluctuations have been observed in different years and that has resulted from variations in rainfall and temperatures and the lack of adequate irrigation facilities, low access to improved seeds, fertilizers, and technology. Being a sector that employs a large proportion of the workforce, climate-impacts on agriculture sector can affect the overall economic growth and wellbeing of the people. Nepal has adopted National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA) and prepared the National Framework on Local Adaptation Plan of Action (LAPA) to implement NAPA priorities. Nepal anticipates contributing towards avoiding or reducing the climate change impacts to ensure the wellbeing of climate-vulnerable communities through the NAPA framework. The LAPA process integrates climate change in development planning and implementation. In Nepal, the Ministry of Agriculture Development, in partnership with UNDP, FAO and German Government, has been supporting to integrate the agriculture sector into the National Adaptation Plan, which is expected to make Nepal's poor and vulnerable farmers more resilient to the impact of climate change.