Early Warning Systems (EWS) for key sectors

Projects working on improving Early Warning Systems in key sectors will improve communications and weather forecasts in order to make climate change information available to communities in specific sectors.  This includes helping farmers in drought-prone areas, supporting coastal communities engaged in tourism, and sustaining other rural livelihoods through improved quality of life. Due to climate change and its related impacts, such as sea level rise, farmers in many areas are in danger of losing their primary sources of income and their assets.

These efforts will help reduce the vulnerabilities of such communities and contribute to coping with climate change.

Projects

Enhancing Adaptive Capacity of Communities in Papua New Guinea

In Papua New Guinea’s North Coast and Islands regions, coastal flooding is the most important climate change-related hazard. It threatens both coastal populations and important economic centers, including provincial capitals and economic. In the hinterland areas, climate change-related inland flooding is the most pressing hazard with the largest potential for widespread damage. The lack of water impoundments and/or water reticulation schemes serves to increase the vulnerability of the largely agrarian communities.

Strengthening the Resilience of the Cook Islands to Climate Change

The Cook Islands is subject to highly destructive cyclones, intense rainfall events, and devastating droughts. The isolated populations in the Pa Enua (sister islands to the capital island of Rarotonga) are especially vulnerable to the anticipated changes in climate, including increased frequency and intensity of rainfall and tropical storms; rising and extreme sea levels and changing wind patterns; and hotter, drier weather.

Securing Marine-based Coastal Livelihoods from Climate-Induced Disasters in Tuvalu

Tuvalu's climate vulnerability stems from its inadequate public service delivery and vulnerable communication network in outer islands, compounded by its geography. The goal of the project is to increase the resilience of outer island communities to future climate change induced risks such as declining marine resources productivity and intensifying climatic hazards.

Enhancing the climate-resilience of tourism-reliant communities in Samoa

The tourism sector provides livelihood to many local businesses in handicrafts, agricultural production and communication services in this Small Island Developing State (SIDS). The objective of this project is to increase the resilience of the tourism sector in Samoa through mainstreaming climate risks into tourism-related policy processes and adaptation actions in coastal communities and tourism operators.

Promoting Autonomous Adaptation at the Community Level in Ethiopia

Climate change is already affecting the security of Ethiopia's sustainable development because the livelihoods of the majority of the population are sensitive to climate-related shocks, including drought and flooding. This is due, in part, to the reliance of the economy on rainfed agricultural production.

Solomon Islands Water Sector Adaptation (SIWSAP)

The impacts of climate change, particularly sea-level rise (SLR) and pronounced droughts have severe consequences on water and sanitation in the country. The areas which are most vulnerable to SLR are low-lying islands, atolls and flat deltaic regions at the mouth of larger rivers. Intrusion of salt water from rise in sea level has affected groundwater resources, especially freshwater aquifers (lens) in small atolls and low-lying islands that rely on rainfall or groundwater for their freshwater supply.

Increased Resilience and Adaptation to Adverse Impacts of Climate Change in Guinea’s Vulnerable Coastal Zones

The impacts of climate change on the Guinean coastal zone are predicted to adversely affect coastal economic development, coastal natural resources, coastal agricultural production and globally, food security.

Coping with Drought and Climate change (CwDCC) in Zimbabwe

The project, Coping with Drought and Climate Change in Zimbabwe, worked to enhance the capacity of agricultural and pastoral communities in Zimbabwe to adapt to climate variability and change. The primary project objective was to demonstrate and promote adoption of a range of gender-sensitive approaches for adaptation to climate change among rural communities currently engaged in agriculture in vulnerable areas of the Chiredzi.

Enhancing Resilience to Flood- and Drought-Related Risks in Fiji

The overall objective of the project is to replicate successful interventions in Fiji's Ba catchment area and fully integrate climate change considerations in flood/drought risk management by not only generating and producing information, but also through training and dissemination. Mitigation of flood damage remains the highest priority need in the area, particularly in light of projected increases in intensification of rainfall and storm events. Fiji lacks an integrated natural resource management plan that incorporates climate change, agriculture, flood, and drought risk simultaneously.

Vanuatu Coastal Adaptation Project (VCAP)

Like most small island nations, the coastal zone in Vanuatu is the country’s hub of economic activity. Best estimates of long term, systematic changes indicate that by 2050, sea level is likely to have increased by 20 cm. Thus in order to protect its economy it is imperative to enhance the adaptive capacity of the coastal zone in Vanuatu.

Identification and Implementation of Adaptation Response Measures in the Drini-Mati River Deltas

The Drini and Mati River Deltas in Albania are experiencing stressful impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems as a result of climate change. There is currently a lack of institutional and individual capacities to undertake a rigorous assessment or to address the potential climate change impacts on biodiversity. The aim of this project is to address key risks and vulnerabilities in the coastal areas of Drini Mati River Deltas of the Northern Adriatic by developing the capacity to adapt to climate change.

Integrating Climate Change Risks into the Agriculture and Health Sectors in Samoa

Increasing evidence of climate risks confronts Samoa with decreasing agricultural productivity and climate related water-borne diseases. This project aims to enhance the technical capabilities of the Samoa Meteorological Division, improve capacity for agricultural planning and public health in this Small Island Developing State (SIDS).

Climate Change Adaptation in Mauritius' Coastal Zone

As a Small Island Developing State (SIDS), the sea rises and tropical cyclones have affected Mauritius's coastal zones significantly. This project initiates new adaptation measures at three priority sites, develops an early warning system, promotes climate proofed planning and design, and also encourage knowledge sharing among areas with similar vulnerabilities.

Increasing Climate-resilience in Rwanda through EWS, Disaster Preparedness & Integrated Watershed Management

The Gishwati ecosystems of the Nile-Congo crest watersheds in North-Western Rwanda are increasingly vulnerable. In 2007, heavy flooding occurred, taking the lives of dozens of people and displacing hundreds of families from Gishwati Forest to Nyabihu District. Climate change, overpopulation and inadequate disaster preparedness compound the risk of future floods and landslides, putting the lives of the 280,210 inhabitants of the district in peril. 

Climate Risk Finance for Rain-fed Farming in Sudan

A country housing the largest number of displaced population, Sudan faces additional stress as a result of climate change. In particular, the increasingly unreliable nature of rainfall, together with its concentration into short growing seasons, heightens the vulnerability of Sudan’s rain-fed agricultural systems.

Strengthening Community Resilience to Climate Induced Natural Disasters in Rural Timor-Leste

The government of Timor-Leste is currently investing heavily in transport infrastructure as a basis for securing the country’s long-term development goals. These investments are at risk as a result of climate change and therefore require a strategy to ensure their long-term sustenance. The Dili to Ainaro development corridor is one such region that is increasingly at risk from climate change and disaster related impacts including localized flooding, landslides and strong winds.

Coping with Drought and Climate change (CwDCC) in Ethiopia

Vulnerability analyses for Ethiopia suggest that environmental changes over the coming decades present a serious threat to economic and social sectors. 

Community Disaster Risk Management in Burundi

The overarching goal of the project is to safeguard development benefits for vulnerable communities from future climate change induced risks. The community disaster risk management project will enhance local climatic governance by building capacity of key actors and providing necessary risks management tools (e.g. contingency plans, EWS). The project will also promote sustainable and equitable economic growth through the adoption of adaptation-related technologies aiming to rehabilitate and protect vulnerable communities assets

Adaptation to the Effects of Drought and Climate Change in Zambia

The project, "Adaptation to the Effects of Drought and Climate Change in Zambia", will support climate-resilient water management and agricultural practices.

Scaling up Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Climate Vulnerable Farming Communities in Southern Philippines

As a result of increasingly unpredictable weather and increasing frequency of extreme events (particularly drought, excessive rains and/or flooding), farmers in Southern Philippines are losing income and assets including access to community infrastructure and facilities critical to their livelihoods.

Coping with Drought and Climate Change (CwDCC) in Mozambique

The Government of Mozambique recognizes that the country is vulnerable to catastrophes and that the hazards resulting from climate change are exacerbating the persistence of absolute poverty in Mozambique. Of all of the natural hazards affecting the country, drought is the most common and the most devastating. In light of this challenge, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and its partners are implementing the Coping with Drought and Climate Change (CwDCC) project in Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.

Adaptation to Climate Change Impacts in Mountain Forest Ecosystems of Armenia

Containing more than half the region’s floral diversity and over 300 species of trees and bushes, Armenia’s forest ecosystems form a vital eco-corridor that extends through the Eastern Lesser Caucasus. Although these forests are a biodiversity hotspot and a global conservation priority, the region has been identified as critically vulnerable, especially to the risks posed by climate change.