The climate of Fiji is generally categorized as an oceanic tropical climate in which the dry season is from May to October and rainy season from November to April. Climate change is expected to affect the country’s coastal resources by way of raising temperatures in the marine environment and through sea level rise. As well there may be impacts on infrastructure caused by a potential increase in the frequency and intensity of cyclones and other tropical storms, as the country is prone to El Nino events. During an El Nino- Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event, conditions drier and hotter than normal can be expected from June to August. During the November–April wet season Fiji is normally traversed by tropical cyclones as it lies directly in their normal path.
Located approximately 1,100 miles off of the northeast of New Zealand's north island, Fiji comprises more than 300 islands, and has a total land area of approximately 18 300 km2 and a population of about 773 000 (1996 estimate). The largest island is Viti Levu (10 429 km2), which covers 57% of the total area, and Vanua Levu covers 5 556 km2. Fiji is one of the most economically developed countries in the Pacific Island realm due to abundance of forest, mineral and marine resources. Viti Levu is the center of politics and economy of Fiji, having Suva (the capital), Nadi (the center of tourism) and farming land for sugarcane as the major crop. Over 90% of the population, both rural and urban, can be considered coastal dwellers, where the vast majority of services, infrastructure, agricultural production and social centres are located.
The Climate Change Division under the Ministry of Finance has requested support from the NAP-GSP to update and finalize the Fiji National Climate Change Strategy.
To date the National Climate Change Strategy only focuses on land resources. Through the acknowledgment that the ocean is a strategic resource for the country and that comprehensive policies are needed to successfully adapt to climate change, the Climate Change Division (CCD) wants to widen the scope of the current NCCAS to the marine sector.
Currently NAP-GSP is working with the Ministry of Finance (CCD) to conduct a detailed gap analysis and stock taking exercise that will provide suggestions and guidance to finalize the NCCAS.
Next Steps are; undertake consultation with key Government institutions and NGOs guide and inform the gap analysis and the stock-taking exercise.
1. Purpose Statement
“A long-term sustainable model to help enhance the capacity of government officials in conducting and using cost benefit analysis to assess environmental, social and economic impacts on natural assets.”
2. P-CBA Focal Points:
Mr Deemant Lodhia - Acting Director Climate Change Division and Principal Project Officer - Climate Change Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs & International Co-operation.
Ms Mereseini Waibuta – Acting Chief Economist, Ministry of Finance.
3. Ministries and institutions involved:
Ministry of Industry and Trade
Public Service Commission
Ministry of iTaukei Affairs
Ministry of Works
Ministry of Finance
Department of Energy
Ministry of Fisheries and Forests
Ministry of Health
Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Climate Change Division
Ministry of Agriculture
4. CBA Case Studies and Timeline:
Part of the ministries involved have submitted their Country Workplan and indicated their CBA case studies. Depending on funding and the priorities of the Fiji Government one or more CBAs of the following projects will be undertaken from September 2014 to December 2015.
Dairy Industry Support Program and Sigatoka Valley Development programme (Ministry of Agriculture)
Seaweed cultivation project (Ministry of Fishery and Forests)
Solar Home System (Department of Energy)
Project on the demarcation and survey of unsurveyed (Ministry of Itaukei)
5. In-Country Training and Mentoring:
Ideally each ministry will receive a training tailored on their request specified in Ministry Country Workplan. Depending on the funding available there will be one or multiple trainings. The date of the training/s will be scheduled for the period before the elections (June-September).
6. Sustainability Measures Proposed:
- Internal: Integrate CBA into the Public Sector Investment Programme (PSIP).
- External: Refer to each Ministry Country Workplan for more information.
7. Proposed Sources of funding:
Source of funding need to be identified with regional development partners.
8. Additional Resources
- Fiji Planning Meeting Presentation on Country Needs and Capacities
- Fiji Planning Meeting Presentation on Country Workplan
Like most island nations, Fiji is highly vulnerable to climate change. Currently the institutional framework of climate change activities in the country remains scattered across different government agencies. This report aims to build a platform for coordination between the various stakeholders, to formulate effective national and local climate change programmes.
These 2-page PACC Country Briefs detail the essence and key aim of the national component of PACC and the climate change risk it addresses. Each brief contains an general introductory paragraph on PACC with the specify key objective and purpose of the national project.