Nepal

 

Adaptation aspects in major sectors like forestry, agriculture, water resources and health are presented in Nepal's National Communication of 2004. Adaptation measure to Climate Change could be approached by intensifying the conservation of drought resistant crop varieties by improving cropping practices to conserve water; and by promoting crop diversification. Several aspects of the vulnerability and impact analysis in agriculture sector can also be improved, for example, development of improved climate scenarios, development of more suitable crop models, and search for alternative analytical approaches.

Nepal is a small landlocked mountainous country located between the world's two most populous countries: China to the north and India to the east, west and south, with a total land area of 147,181 square kilometers. The elevation of the country increases from about 60 meters in the south to 8848 meters in the north at the peak of Mt. Everest. Nepal receives major portion of rainfall during summer monsoon from June to September.

 

Related Content

Supporting Nepal to advance their NAP Process

Status of assistance to Nepal for their NAP process

  • Delegates from Nepal attended the NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for Asian LDCs in February 2014 - in which an overview NAP timeline schedule was formulated by the Nepal country team (view below)
  • The Government of Nepal nominated Mr.Lava Bahadur K.C as focal point in February 2014. NAP-GSP convened preliminary discussions on identifying existing coordination mechanisms led by Ministry of Environment in partnership with Ministry of Planning and Finance, to begin in-country discussions for initiating the NAP process.
  • NAP-GSP has held initial discussions with Ministry of Environment, Planning and Finance Ministries to raise awareness and introduce the NAP process.
  • The NAP GSP team has held follow-up discussions with the Government of Nepal NAP focal point Mr.Lava Bahadur in February 2015. The specific technical support required to kick-off the NAP process is to be discussed by the government, and then communicated to the NAP-GSP team.
  • Groundwork has been done with the integration of climate code into the budget and there is ongoing work to analyse how much some sector ministries are spending on climate for both mitigation and adaptation.
  • Potential entry points for the NAP process include ongoing work on planning processes  through the PEI’s  “Strengthening National Planning and Monitoring Capacity (SNPMC) initiative, Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience and other ongoing programmes such as the Economics for Adaptation.

 

Nepal overview NAP timeline schedule:

> View Timeline in larger format

> More NAP-GSP countries

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Coordinates: 
POINT (85.253906225037 27.727492829586)
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Nepal overview NAP process timeline

Overview timeline of the NAP process in Nepal formulated by the Nepal country team of delegates at the NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for Asian LDCs in February 2014:

> More NAP-GSP countries

Project Status: 
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Nepal LDCF ProDoc - 15 November 2012

The Project Document, from November 2012, gives detailed information on the Nepal GEF-LDCF project. The ProDoc includes a Situation Analysis, with the Global, National and Regional Context, Climate Change Context, Past and Ongoing Activities in the country, Related Donor Assistance, and a Barrier Analysis. Also included is the Project Strategy, Operational Approach, Results and Resources Framework, Budget and Annual Work Plan, Management Arrangements and Coordination Structures, the Monitoring Framework and Evaluation and the Legal Context.

Local Project Appraisal Committee Meeting Minutes - Nepal LDCF Project -10 April 2013

These are the Meeting Minutes from the Local Project Appraisal Committee Meeting for the Community Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction Project.

10 April 2013

UN Conference Hall
Pulchowk, Lalitpur

Nepal’s Climate Change Policies and Plans: Local Communities’ Perspective – January 2011

 

Ranked as the fourth most vulnerable country, the government of Nepal has adopted the approach of community-based policies to respond to climate change. This document reviews the country’s legal framework and the local communities’ rights related to climate change. In particular, it looks at key aspects and gaps of the three extant policies – the National Adaptation Programme of Action, the Local Adaptation Plan of Action and the REDD Preparedness Plan.

Imja Partners Workshop - Final Agenda - 8 October 2012

FINAL AGENDA: First Partners Workshop for Enhanced Collaboration and Communication for the UNDP Community-Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction Project:

A Workshop Hosted by USAID's High Mountain Glacial Watershed Program

Workshop Details

Nepal National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) Official Document - September 2010

Adaptation aspects in major sectors like forestry, agriculture, water resources and health are presented in Nepal's National Communication and NAPA. Adaptation measure to Climate Change could be approached by intensifying the conservation of drought resistant crop varieties by improving cropping practices to conserve water; and by promoting crop diversification.

Nepal National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)

National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their immediate needs to adapt to climate change, ultimately leading to the implementation of projects aimed at reducing the economic and social costs of climate change.

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Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (85.297869888129 27.722419696911)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Through improved capacity building and project identification, government agencies and other actors will increase their abilities to insulate at risk urban and rural populations from the adverse effects of climate change.
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
200,000
Co-Financing Total: 
1,130,000
Project Details: 

Nepal is largely an agrarian economy and thereby highly sensitive to changes in climate and natural resource availability. Climate change threatens to reduce the effectiveness of development initiatives across Nepal. This will increase the vulnerability of marginalized and poor people in both rural and urban areas of western Nepal. Further increases in the intensity of rain in other parts of Nepal, particularly those where the topography is broken and eroded soils, will experience increased flooding and landslide risks threatening human security, water supplies, and urban infrastructures. Hence, effective climate change adaptation is required.

Adaptation aspects in major sectors like forestry, agriculture, water resources and health are presented in Nepal's National Communication of 2004. Adaptation measure to Climate Change could be approached by intensifying the conservation of drought resistant crop varieties by improving cropping practices to conserve water; and by promoting crop diversification. Several aspects of the vulnerability and impact analysis in agriculture sector can also be improved, for example, development of improved climate scenarios, development of more suitable crop models, and search for alternative analytical approaches.

Source: Nepal NAPA (September, 2010)

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Project Components:

  • Component 1: A National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) is prepared and disseminated.
  • Component 2: A Climate Change Knowledge Management and Learning Platform for Nepal is developed and maintained.
  • Component 3: A multi-stakeholder Framework of Action for Climate Change in Nepal is developed.

Expected Outputs:

  • Output 1: A National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) is prepared and disseminated
  • Output 2: A Climate Change Knowledge Management and Learning Platform for Nepal is developed and maintained
  • Output 3: A multi-stakeholder Framework 

 

Contacts: 
UNDP
Gernot Laganda
Regional Technical Advisor
UNDP
Anupa Lamichhane
Country Officer
Batu Krishna Uprety
Project Coordinator
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 

GLOF Risk Reduction Activities in Nepal-ICIMOD - 2011

Abstract: The global temperature rise has made a tremendous impact on the high mountainous glacial environment. In the last century, the global average temperature has increased by approximately 0.75 °C and in the last three decades, the temperature in the Nepal Himalayas has increased by 0.15 to 0.6 °C per decade. From early 1970 to 2000, about 6% of the glacier area in the Tamor and Dudh Koshi sub-basins of eastern Nepal has decreased.