The demand for energy in Peru is increasing. Most of the agricultural and forest waste is burned in the fields without any energy recovery. A project funded by the Global Environment Facility seeks to remove the barriers to commercial use of bio fuels and non-wood cellulose. This is a substitution for electricity generation based on the use of fossil fuels and will reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Peru is located in South America. It lies at 10 00 S, 76 00 W and has a total area of 1,285,216 square kilometres. The climate and geography in Peru is varied. The climate is tropical in the east and dry in the west. Its natural hazards include earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides and mild volcanic activity. There is a western coastal plain and eastern lowland jungle of the Amazon Basin. The high and rugged Andes are located in the centre of Peru. Its natural resources include copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, iron ore, coal and natural gas.
Sources: Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, Peru (as at 11 November 2009); Global Environment Facility. Obtaining bio fuels and non-wood cellulose fibre from agricultural residues/waste. Project Brief.
Peru has submitted only one National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in June 2001. The Communication established the National GHG Inventory, as well as it proposed measures to be taken in the agricultural sector (including land use and land use change and forestry) that will have an impact on climate change. Furthermore, it gives a description of the programs and policies with an impact on climate change, an overview of climate change adaptation measures and financial and technological limitations to confront climate change. A Second National Communication is in the works and scheduled to be published in 2009.
In May 2008 Peru announced the inception of its first Ministry of the Environment (MINAM, Spanish acronym) which assumed the responsibilities previously held by CONAM and has among its mandates the coordination of the national climate change strategy and adaptation and mitigation measures related to it. The Ministry of the Environment is constituted by the Vice Ministry of Environmental Management and the Vice Ministry of Strategic Development of Natural Resources that is the DNA on climate change to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Peru.
Additionally, the National Commission on Climate Change was created in 2001 and it is made up by twenty members from the public and private sector who work on issues of adaptation and mitigation and its goal is to coordinate with the different sectors the fulfillment of the obligations to the UNFCCC.
Source: World Bank Country Notes on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture. Accessed on: 24 May 2010 at http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/LACEXT/0,,contentMDK:...
For additional information and for the complete Peru - Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture refer to the World Bank Country Notes.
The Country Notes are a useful tool for organizing in a systematic way the available information on climate change and agriculture in each country. They provide a brief summary of information pertinent to both climate change and agriculture in 19 countries in LAC, with focus on policy developments (action plans and programs), institutional make-up, specific adaptation and mitigation strategies, as well as social aspects and insurance mechanisms to address risk in the sector.
- NAP-GSP and UNDP have provided technical assistance to Peru to advance their NAP process, by working closely with the Ministry of Environment to advise them on the development of the NAP roadmap.
- NAP-GSP has also provided an overview of the UNFCCC guidelines for NAP, and shared experiences of other countries supported by NAP-GSP to a multi-stakeholder working group during a support mission in April 2016.
- As part of the NAP support mission to Peru, the NAP-GSP team met with the core team from the Ministry of Environment to review adaptation advances and develop a NAP roadmap. In addition, support was provided during a one day meeting of the multi-stakeholder NAP group.
- The Ministry of Environment is leading the process to advance the NAP in Peru, together with the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Ministry of Production (Agriculture and Fisheries), Ministry of Health, the National Statistics Institute, the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations, Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion, the Geophysics Institute, and various other institutions including private sector.
- The focus of the NAP process is multisectoral. An initial stocktaking was done in the preparation for the 3rd National Communication on Climate Change, but Peru is seeking support and guidance on how to further advance the NAP purposes.
- The NAP for Peru will build upon the National Strategy on Climate Change which was revised in 2015. This states the objective that economic agents and populations increase their awareness and adaptive capacity to the adverse impacts and the opportunities of climate change.
- The NAP (and the National Strategy) also build on the following key strategies and documents:
- The Plan for Disaster Risk Management and CCA in the Agricultural Sector 2012 – 2021
- Regional strategies for Climate Change – based on the Law for Regional Governments. These strategies identify vulnerable sectors and areas in each of Peru's regions (provinces) and contain actions to reduce impacts of climate change.
- National Plan for Disaster Risk Management
- 3rd National Communication on Climate Change
- The INDC - the NAP will be the main instrument to implement INDC.
The INDC adaptation component was developed after a review of the vulnerabilities and adaptation priorities of the country, and based on the study of the national goals established by various national planning documents (Bicentennial Plan, National Plan for Disaster Risk Management - PLANAGERD, Environmental Action Plan - PLANAA, Environment Agenda 2014) and sectoral planning documents (PLANGRACC-A11, Budget Programs, Integral Plan of Mitigation and Adaptation to the effects of Climate Change on Public Health, among others). The adaptation component is formulated for different sectors and prioritized systems.
29 April 2016, Lima, Peru: NAP-GSP and UNDP have provided technical assistance to Peru to advance their NAP process, by working closely with the Ministry of Environment to advise them on the development of the NAP roadmap. NAP-GSP has also provided an overview of the UNFCCC guidelines for NAP, and shared experiences of other countries supported by NAP-GSP to a multi-stakeholder working group during a support mission in April 2016.
El presente documento está basado en los resultados del estudio de “Evaluación del impacto y vulnerabilidad del cambio climático en la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas y áreas de amortiguamiento - VIA RPNYC” de la Fundación para el Desarrollo Agrario (FDA) de la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM) finalizado en diciembre de 2013.
This report covers the Peru Vulnerability & Impact Assessment carried out for the Nor Yauyos Cochas Landscape Reserve under the global Mountain EbA Programme in Peru.
The report is in Spanish.
This report is a technical study that accompanies the larger Peru Vulnerability & Impact Assessment carried out for the Nor Yauyos Cochas Landscape Reserve. The report contains the technical background study concerning the environmental, socio-economic and cultural context for the broader study.
The report is in Spanish.
This report is a technical study that accompanies the larger Peru Vulnerability & Impact Assessment carried out for the Nor Yauyos Cochas Landscape Reserve. The report contains the technical background studies concerning future climate scenarios and future distribution of species. The report is in Spanish.
La publicación, "Refugios seguros" de la UICN, presenta 18 casos de estudios que demuestran cómo las Áreas Naturales Protegidas pueden ser gestionadas para la reducción del riesgo de desastre y la adaptación al cambio climático. El capítulo 11 (página 95), presenta el caso de las medidas robustas del proyecto EbA Montaña en la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas.
En el marco de este proyecto EbA Montaña en Perú, se ha realizado una evaluación de vulnerabilidad e impacto (EVI) al cambio climático en la RPNYC entre agosto 2012 y diciembre 2013, gracias a un acuerdo entre el PNUMA y la Fundación para el Desarrollo Agrario (FDA) de la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM). Conoce los principales resultados.
This Brochure provides an overview of the EBA activities carried out in the NYCLR in Peru under the global Mountain EBA Programme. The brochure was prepared specifically for communities. This version is in Spanish.
Conoce cómo las comunidades de la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas se vienen adaptando al cambio climático en esta versión amigable del proyecto EbA Montaña.
This Brochure provides an overview of the EbA activities carried out in the NYCLR in Peru under the global Mountain EBA Programme. The brochure was prepared specifically for communities. This version is in English.
This brochure provides an introduction to the Peru Mountain EbA pilot project, which is part of the larger global Mountain EbA Programme jointly implemented by UNEP, UNDP and IUCN and funded by BMUB. In Peru, additional key project partners include the Government of Peru (MINAM and SERNANP) and the Mountain Institute.
This is the Spanish version.