Niger

 

The climate in Niger is of the Sahelian type characterized by a great inter-annual rainfall, which has been expressed by multi-year droughts since 1968.

Major adaptation activities include, development of the concerted management of water through management committees for national waters basin and through joint-commission and multilateral bodies for trans-border waters and the improvement of knowledge about the great fossil aquifers prior to a balanced exploitation.

Niger is a sahelian landlocked country whose nearest point to the sea is about 600 km. It covers a surface area of 1,267,000 sq km. It is located between the longitude 0°16’ and 16° East and the latitude 11°1’ and 23°17’ North. The three fourths of the country’s land area are occupied by deserts among which the Ténéré, one of the most wonderful deserts in the world.

The country’s economy is mainly based on agriculture and cattle breeding . Furthermore, soils are generally poor and the area potentially suitable for crop production, estimated at 15 millions hectares, represent 12% of the country’s total surface area. These lands, mainly covered by dunes, are not very productive and are sensitive to water and wind erosion.

The potential of irrigable land is estimated at 270,000 hectares of which 140,000 hectares in the river Niger valley. Niger population was estimated at 11,060,291 people in 2001 (General census, 2001). Mainly rural, the populations draw most of their incomes from natural resources exploitation.

The growth rate of the population is one of the highest in the world. It was about 3.3 % in 2001. This population growth combined with difficult climatic conditions (droughts) and inadequate and not very rational use of natural resources led to ecological imbalances expressed by the deterioration of livelihoods.

According to the trends from national statistics, the population will reach 17.3 millions by 2015 and 24.1 millions by 2025.

Related Content

National Adaptation Plan process in focus: Lessons from Niger

This briefing on the process to formulate and implement the National Adaptation Plan in Niger considers firstly the country context and the climate change risks. The groundwork for supporting the NAP is considered, covering the policy, planning and bugetary framework, priority adaptation sectors in NDC, climate assessments, the implementation of adaptation actions and plans thus far. The briefing contains a timeline of the Niger NAP process. Challenges, successes and opportunities are also discussed. This briefing is also available in French.

Evaluation des appuis pour les Activités Génératrices de Revenus (AGR) fournis par le projet – PANA - Résilience

Le projet porte essentiellement sur les principales mesures d’adaptation qui ont été identifiées et retenues au cours du processus d’élaboration du PANA, comme étant prioritaires pour les acteurs aux échelons départemental, communal et villageois ; visant les secteurs d’agriculture et d’élevage, les communautés d’éleveurs et d’agriculteurs. Les groupes des femmes et des enfants sont les plus vulnérables aux effets néfastes des changements climatiques. En effet, les nombreuses années de sécheresse ont contribué à la baisse de la production agropastorale dans certaines zones du pays.

Planning and Financing Adaptation in Niger

The United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Niger to develop a project proposal for a new US$9 million grant proposal for the Global Environment Facility Least Developed Countries Fund. The proposed "Planning and Financing Adaptation in Niger" project will include US$27 million in co-financing. The project looks to integrate climate change adaptation into relevant budgeting and planning frameworks at national and local levels, promote the mass dissemination of economically sustainable hybrid village water systems and multipurpose infrastructure that transforms access to water to an income-generating opportunity, increase disaster risks preparedness of vulnerable communities, and establish an evidence-based knowledge system to inform policies and investments on adaptation.

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$9 million (proposed GEF LDCF grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$27 million (proposed co-financing)
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1 - Integrate climate change adaptation in relevant budgeting and planning frameworks at national (2020-2035 SDDCI, CC Strategy, IWRM, multiannual/annual budget frameworks) and local levels

Outcome 2 - Promote the mass dissemination of economically sustainable hybrid village water systems and multipurpose infrastructure that transform access to water to an income-generating opportunity and increase disaster risks preparedness of vulnerable communities

Outcome 3 - Establish an evidence based knowledge system to inform policies and investments on adaptation

Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1 - Integrate climate change adaptation in relevant budgeting and planning frameworks at national (2020-2035 SDDCI, CC Strategy, IWRM, multiannual/annual budget frameworks) and local levels

Outcome 2 - Promote the mass dissemination of economically sustainable hybrid village water systems and multipurpose infrastructure that transform access to water to an income-generating opportunity and increase disaster risks preparedness of vulnerable communities

Outcome 3 - Establish an evidence based knowledge system to inform policies and investments on adaptation

SUMMARY DOC: Filling Buckets Fueling Change - Ensuring Gender-responsive Climate Change Adaptation

This document provides a summary of a comprehensive study done on gender-responsive approaches to adaptation undertaken through the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF).  The study draws on findings from the six countries engaged in the CCAF, providing insights on the types of resources and partnerships needed at local and national level for designing and implementing effective gender-responsive adaptation.  The countries examined for the study include: Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Haiti, Mali, Niger and Sudan.

Niger NAP Stocktaking Report

A NAP support mission to Niger was conducted in 2015. This Stocktaking Report outlines the recommendations for Niger to advance their NAP process.