Central Asian countries face a particular set of interrelated human development challenges that combine inequalities and a lack of job opportunities, ethnic tensions and human rights issues, scarcity of water resources and risk of disasters as well as heavy reliance on remittances and shock-prone extractive industries.
Wide disparities in human development continue to exist, income inequalities and poverty are widespread and gender inequalities remain.
Central Asia continues to be vulnerable to external instability stemming from water scarcity, transboundary water disputes and unsustainable energy use, community-level tensions and a range of cross-regional effects of instability and conflict, such as organized cross-border crime in its Southern neighbourhood.
Building Wildfire Management Capacities to Enhance Adaptation of the Vulnerable Mountain Forests of Armenia - Lessons from Recent Experience
This publication captures lessons learned from the UNDP-supported initiative, “Adaptation to Climate Change Impacts in Mountain Forest Ecosystems of Armenia”, which is financed by the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund’s Strategic Priority for Adaptation (SPA). Against the backdrop of increasing risk of climate change induced impacts in the unique mountain forest ecosystems of Armenia and especially the intensifying forest fire problem under the aridifying climate conditions, this publication presents the approaches chosen by the project to build the capacities of relevant stakeholders