Bilateral Finance

Bilateral Finance

One example of bilateral financing is from AusAID which supports the upscaling and replication of community based adaptation measures for the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) pilot sites.  The planned activities for the AusAID contribution are in full alignment with the overall PACC objective.  Among the activities supported by bilateral financing is the  implementation of on-the-ground measures that will contribute to overall institutional strengthening linking local capacity building with capacity strengthening of provincial and national institutions.  Also, adaptive capacity for men and women beneficiaries will be strengthened in over 20 additional communities in at least 7 of the participating island states.

More information to come...

Taxonomy Term List

Mountain Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Nepal

The Harpan Watershed, Panchase in Nepal lies in the mid-hills of Nepal and consists of valleys, hills and the high mountains of the Himalayas. The economy of the Panchase is largely subsistence, based on crop production and livestock. There is high climatic variation due to changes in altitude and an average rainfall of 3, 355mm. The selected project site, the Harpan watershed, is about 15 km² with sub-tropical to temperate climate. There are about 900 households with a population of 4,598.

Through the global Ecosystems-based Adaptation (EbA) in Mountains Programme, UNDP, UNEP and IUCN, with funding from the German Government (BMUB), are using sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems, as part of an overall EbA adaptation strategy, to reduce the vulnerability and enhance the resilience of select fragile mountain ecosystems and their local communities to climate change impacts. The promoted EbA measures carefully take into account anticipated climate change impacts trends to ensure a forward-looking process.

For more information visit the Global Ecosystems Based Adaptation in Mountains Programme profile, or the EbA Flagship

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (84.221191366963 28.459485801749)
Funding Source: 
About: 

The Nepal Pilot Project of the global Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Mountains Programme aims to enhance capacity of local communities, demonstrate EbA measures for continued provision of ecosystem services, and support in strengthening the institutional capacity of key national Nepalese actors to build and better integrate ecosystem resilience options in national, sub-national and local level plans.

It is working to specifically support 4 outcomes:

  • Development of methodologies and tools for EbA decision-making in mountain ecosystems;
  • Application of EbA tools and methodologies at the ecosystem level;
  • Implementation of EbA pilot initiatives at the ecosystem level; and
  • Development of a business case for EbA at the national level.

In Nepal, the Project is implemented by the Department of Forests (DoF) under the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation (MoFSC) and is coordinated by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MoSTE). Similarly, there are three implementing agencies: UNEP, UNDP and IUCN. EbA initiatives are concentrated in 17 VDCs (Village Development Committees) of the ‘Panchase’ region and covers three districts – Kaski, Syangja and Parbat.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Some key accomplishments for the project include:

  • The project has prioritized 3 important sub-watersheds – Rati, Saradi and Harpan - and focused on different interventions such as ecosystem restoration, water conservation, land rehabilitation, livelihood diversification and capacity enhancement of government agencies and local communities.
  • Practices, like water source conservation and construction of conservation ponds, have been initiated in the pilot sites to address water scarcity issues, since the water sector is significantly affected by climate change in Nepal. These initiatives have helped reduce drudgery in fetching water required for dominant rural livelihood practices, i.e. subsistence agriculture and livestock rearing. 
  • Out-migration in Panchase has resulted in an increasing amount of abandoned and barren land. The Project has hence carried out plantation initiatives of endemic multi–use species to protect these lands from further degradation and also complement the needs of rural people for fuel wood and fodder. Additionally, the Project has supported nursery establishment in the region to provide easy access to seedlings species for plantations by the locals. Likewise, land degradation resulting from unplanned rural road construction has been addressed by roadside greenery promotion and roadside rehabilitation, using engineered structures such as ‘gabion cages’ that are supplemented by plantations. Similarly, several landslide and gully control initiatives have also been carried out in the project pilot sites.
  • Rangeland management has been done by building compound walls to halt over-grazing activities of the livestock and protect the grassland ecosystem from further degradation. The Project has also distributed fodder species to reduce the pressure on the open degraded land.
  • Several river bank conservation initiatives with application of grey-green measures, i.e. engineered structures coupled with bamboo plantation, have been carried out to protect agricultural lands in the river banks to reduce deposition of sediment downstream.
  • The Harpan Sub-watershed is an important feeder to the nationally important Phewa Lake, which today suffers from massive deposition of silt. The Project has, therefore, carried out a comprehensive study on the siltation process of Harpan Khola and subsequently proposed construction of ecosystem-based siltation control techniques and a siltation dam in the Harpan River.
  • The EbA concept has now been mainstreamed in Bachelors of Science (BSc) degree syllabus of the Tribhuvan University, Central Department of Environmental Science (CDES). Similarly, to reduce the research gap, EbA has provided research grants to the students of Tribhuvan University to undertake research work in the EbA site to investigate the effectiveness of EbA options.
  • The Project broadcasted radio programs named ‘Panchase ko Serofero’ through Radio barahi-99.2, Radio saligram-100.6 and Syangja FM-89.6, respectively, from Kaski, Parbat and Syangja to increase local level awareness on ecosystems and EbA.

Some policy-related accomplishments include:

  • Led by UNDP, the Nepal project has been engaged in the process of establishing the newly formed High-Level Technical Committee on EbA to be led by the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation. The main role of the Committee is to coordinate and mainstream ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation into different sectoral plans and programmes. The Committee includes representatives from various Ministries, such as National Planning Commission, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment, Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development.  The first meeting of the Committee was scheduled for last week of September.
  • The results of the Cost-benefit analysis carried out by the Nepal project, led by UNDP, will be presented in a high-level event, organized jointly with the High-level Technical Committee, in October.
  • The new Forest Policy (2015) has climate change as one of seven thematic areas and includes EbA as one of the approaches put forward for adaptation. The project, led by UNDP, is involved in a working group developing a 5-yr action plan for the delivery of the climate change area of this Policy in all 75 Districts of Nepal. The project is providing direct technical input into how this key national policy will be implemented in practice with regards to climate change and making the case for integrating EbA measures into its delivery.
  • The Nepal project, led by UNDP, has provided technical and financial support to produce draft Guidelines on Protected Forests, which provide regulations and directives on managing Protected Forests and are in the process of being endorsed by Government. The proposed Guidelines incorporate EbA and provide the opportunity for integrating EbA into the national Protection Forest management plans and programmes.

 

 

 

Contacts: 
Nepal Mt EBA Project Management Unit
Roadmap Support
Mr. Gauri Shankar Timala
Mr. Yalamber (Pragyajan) Rai
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 

Mountain Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Uganda

Mount Elgon landscape in Uganda is the seventh highest mountain in Africa, a major catchment area and straddles the border between Kenya and Uganda. The climate is cool with a mean annual rainfall of 1,270 mm. The population of Mount Elgon is almost entirely rural and dependent on subsistence agriculture, with approximately 564,000 people living in the 4 districts which make up the project site. The region is home to Mt Elgon National Park and is of great conservation value, but high population density means that agriculture is spreading rapidly.

Through the global Ecosystems-based Adaptation (EbA) in Mountains Programme, UNDP, UNEP and IUCN, with funding from the German Government (BMUB), are using sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems, as part of an overall EbA adaptation strategy, to reduce the vulnerability and enhance the resilience of select fragile mountain ecosystems and their local communities to climate change impacts. The promoted EbA measures carefully take into account anticipated climate change impacts trends to ensure a forward-looking process. 

For more information visit the Global Ecosystems Based Adaptation in Mountains Programme profile, or the EbA Flagship website

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (34.573974579251 1.1647280747485)
Funding Source: 

UNDP Uganda: Ecosystem Based Adaptation in Uganda

This documentary highlights the need for mainstreaming ecosystem-based adaptation strategies into national policies to ensure that actions against climate change is planned for. It puts a strong emphasis on the importance of Government funding such measures into the future through core budgets.

About: 

The objective of this Uganda pilot project under the global Mountain EbA Programme is to reduce the vulnerability of Uganda to climate change impacts through piloting Ecosystem-based Adaptation options with particular emphasis on mountain ecosystems in the Mt Elgon region.

It is working to specifically support 4 outputs:

  • The development of decision-making tools for ecosystem-based adaptation for assessing ecosystem resilience,
  • Field testing the tools in the pilot countries,
  • Making investments in and building capacity for EbA at select demonstration sites, and
  • Establishing the economic benefits and financial costs of EbA, to guide national policies.

The project is implemented by the Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) focusing on the Districts of Sironko and Bulambuli (implementation supported by UNDP) and Kapchorwa and Kween (Implementation supported by IUCN).

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Some key accomplishments for the project include:

  • A Vulnerability Impact Assessment (VIA) has been carried out to determine which EbA interventions can be used to support the communities in the selected project area.
  • About 600 households within the 4 districts (Kween, Kapchorwa, Sironko & Bulambuli) have received training in climate-smart interventions and are implementing them on their land. Local platforms including local radios are being used for knowledge sharing. 
  • Different techniques in support of climate-resilient agriculture have been encouraged, including mulching, use of organic fertilizer, improved water retention through roadside drainage bunds, run off retention drains, diversion bands in crop gardens; and gravity flow irrigation (benefitting over 1,000 formerly water-stressed community members in 3 villages in Sanzara Parish).
  • Practices like soil and water conservation structures, have also been promoted, including contour trenches, contour ridges, retention or check dams, infiltration ditches and contour bands; tree planting for stabilization of soil and water conservation, with appropriate species together with contour grass strips; and the management and protection of existing forests and trees on the farm.
  • At the local governance level, structures for natural resource governance have been strengthened, including a schematic framework for managing a new adaptation fund in all the three catchments, including the communities and district technical staff.
  • The ECOTRUST PES facility being piloted by the project was officially launched in March 2015 by the Minister of Water and Environment, Hon. Ephraim Kamuntu. The Minister emphasized the contribution of the fund to many of the investment priorities identified in the National Development Plan of Uganda such as skills development, water and sanitation; and facilitating availability and access to critical production inputs especially in agriculture.
  • With support from the project, the Ministry of Water and Environment is developing guidelines on how to integrate EbA into national and district level planning and policies. This is a participatory process that has been done through training workshops and provision of tools. A specific training package on implementing EbA in Mt Elgon has also been developed, which provides step to step guidance on planning and implementing EbA aimed as a tool at supporting extension services
  • The cost-benefit analysis results and data generated will be used to advocate the case for EbA to government during a meeting of the Top Policy Committee of the Ministry of Water & Environment. This will then be followed up at during the Joint Sector Water & Environment Review (week of 5th Oct) being held by the National Climate Change Policy Committee and the National Environment & Natural Resources Sector Working Group.
Contacts: 
Economics of Climate Change Adaptation (ECCA)
Mr. Paul Nteza
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 

Mountain Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Peru

The Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve in Peru is located in the Lima and Junin regions in the high Andean area of the upper Cañete and Pachacayo river basins. The reserve is a living landscape of significant conservation value, in which local communities maintain their ancestral ways in harmony with nature. The climate is variable due to altitude (between 2300 and 6000 metres above sea level) and annual rainfall varies between 500 to 1000 mm. The population living in the Reserve is confined to 12 communities with an estimated population of 10, 390. The main economic activity of these communities is agricultural and livestock production for local subsistence.
 
The Mountain Ecosystems-based Adaptation program (EbA) is a collaborative initiative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) (through its implementing partner, the Mountain Institute (TMI) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), funded by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Public Works and Nuclear Safety of the German Government (BMUB). In Peru, the programme is run by the Ministry of Environment of Peru (MINAM) and is implemented in the Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve (NYCLR), with support from the National Service for Protected Natural Areas (SERNANP, in Spanish). 
 
For more information visit the Global Ecosystems Based Adaptation in Mountains Programme profile, or the EBA Flagship website

 

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-74.663085956077 -11.555380300745)
Funding Source: 

Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas de alta montaña en Perú

Proyecto que busca fortalecer las capacidades de Perú para implementar las opciones de Adaptación con base en Ecosistemas (EbA) y reducir la vulnerabilidad de las comunidades.

Una oportunidad al cambio climático desde los ecosistemas: EbA Montaña

¿Cómo aprovechar los ecosistemas para adaptarnos al cambio climático? Es en lo que viene trabajando el proyecto EbA Montaña y el SERNANP en las comunidades campesinas de la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas (RPNYC), ubicada en las regiones de Lima y Junín, para generar evidencias a través de su experiencia con el fin de que el enfoque de Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas (AbE, o EbA en inglés) sea incorporado en las políticas nacionales y ofrecerle a las comunidades de montañas una nueva alternativa para adaptarse al cambio climático.

Canchayllo sembrando futuro

Este es un video participativo, hecho por comuneros y comuneras de Canchayllo, junto con guardaparques de la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yayos Cochas en el Perú, muestra las medidas tomadas por la comunidad para afrontar el cambio climático dentro de la reserva. Se realiza en el marco del proyecto Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas de Montaña. El proceso facilitado por el Instituto de Montaña con el asesoramiento del cineasta Rodrigo Otero.

Medidas Robustas de Adaptación en la RPNYC-Perú

Este video muestra el trabajo de implementación de medidas robustas de Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas (AbE), en las comunidades de Canchayllo y Miraflores en una de las 76 áreas naturales protegidas por el Estado Peruano: la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas (RPNYC), en el marco del proyecto EbA Montaña. Este proyecto es una iniciativa colaborativa del PNUMA, la UICN y el PNUD, financiada por el BMUB del Gobierno Alemán. En Perú, el proyecto se ejecuta por encargo del MINAM en estrecha coordinación con el SERNANP a través de la Jefatura de la RPNYC.

Video Participativo en Miraflores, Yauyos. Proyecto EbA

Este es un video participativo, hecho por comuneros y comuneras de Miraflores, junto con guardaparques de la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yayos Cochas en el Perú, muestra las medidas tomadas por la comunidad para afrontar el cambio climático dentro de la reserva. Se realiza en el marco del proyecto Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas de Montaña. El proceso facilitado por el Instituto de Montaña con el asesoramiento del cineasta Rodrigo Otero.

Cambio climático en la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas

El proyecto EbA Montaña trabaja con el SERNANP y las comunidades campesinas de la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas para que se adapten al cambio climático. Conoce más del proyecto y las medidas de adaptación basada en ecosistemas que vienen implementando en este video.

About: 

The objective of this Peru pilot project under the global Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in Mountains Programme is to reduce the vulnerability of Peru to climate change impacts through piloting EbA options with particular emphasis on mountain ecosystems in the Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve.

It is working to specifically support 4 outputs:

  • The development of decision making tools for ecosystem based adaptation for assessing ecosystem resilience,
  • Field testing the tools in the pilot countries,
  • Making investments in and building capacity for EbA at select demonstration sites, and
  • Establishing the economic benefits and financial costs of EbA, to guide national policies.

The project is a collaborative initiative of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), funded by Germany’s Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). In Peru, the programme is commissioned by the Ministry of Environment of Peru (MINAM for its Spanish acronym) and is implemented in the Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve with the support of the National Service of Natural Protected Areas (SERNANP for its Spanish acronym). The activities under IUCN’s responsibility are implemented in partnership with the Mountain Institute (TMI).

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Some key accomplishments for the project include:

  • A Vulnerability Impact Assessment (VIA) has been carried out to determine which EbA interventions can be used to support the communities in the selected project area.
  • Three vulnerable areas have been identified in the NYCLR: Canchayllo, Miraflores and Tanta. Two EbA measures per area are being implemented.
  • Information from the VIA (Vulnerability and Impact Assessment) for the NYCLR is being incorporated into the updated version of the NYCLR Master Plan.
  • Support to both regional governments in Junin and Lima in the updating of their Regional Climate Change Strategies and the addition of EbA approaches to these tools.
  • A local Communication Network for the NYCLR has been developed by the project. 11 park rangers and 21 students of the NYCLR have learnt about climate change and how to use communication tools for their own development.
  • In Tanta, the community decided to free the Moyobamba area (vicuña natural habitat) of domestic animals to be an exclusive area for vicuñas.
  • Capacity building and technical assistance in livestock and vicuña management, including animal husbandry of vicuña population.
  • Installation of fences in 2000 hectares of communal land for livestock, and conservation of 1500 hectares of vicuña habitat.
  • In Miraflores and Canchayllo no regret measures are being implemented. In both places local villagers have become local researchers and have strengthen their capacity in pasture and water management.
  • In Canchayllo, a natural water reservoir dam was restored to reduce water filtration and ensure its storage during the dry season. Also, an underground pipe was restored to transport water from the upper part of the watershed (near Chacara Lake) to the community farm (Jutupuqio).
  • In Miraflores, a protection zone (5ha) was enlarged around the Yanacancha lakes encircling the upper micro-watershed in order to prevent cattle and other animals from entering the area.

Policy-related accomplishments:

  • In August 2015, Peru officially approved Policy Guidelines for Public Investment in Biodiversity and Ecosystems, with the expectation that this instrument will facilitate new and additional public investment aligned with the National Biodiversity Strategy.
  • Of particular interest is that the UNDP BIOFIN and the Peru Mountain EbA projects worked together since February 2015 in close coordination with the Ministries of Environment and Economy and Finance to facilitate the incorporation of climate change and specifically EbA into the guidelines. For example, the consideration of climate change as a cross-cutting issue is included as one of the Strategic Policy Guidelines (p6).
  • As next steps, BIOFIN and the Peru Mountain EbA project are collaborating in the design of a pilot Public Investment Project for the community of Tomas in the Nor Yauyos Cochas Landscape Reserve, as an opportunity to replicate EbA actions undertaken in Tanta and taking advantage of the political will and support of the Tomas municipality.
  • Following this, UNDP and other agencies will support MINAM and MEF in capacity building of local and regional governments and development of additional pilots, as part of an effort to expand the use out the guidelines at the national level. Technical support will also be provided to develop impact indicators to be used by MINAM and MEF of the biodiversity and ecosystem-focused PIPs.
  • The Peru Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) is currently being developed. The project team has contributed by reviewing the draft and providing recommendations on how to integrate EbA. The draft INDC includes EbA measures in its sector/system specific adaptation contributions for water, agriculture and forestry. The INDC even refers to the Mountain EbA Programme specifically as a key project that has contributed to the adaptation process in Peru.
Contacts: 
Gender Impacts
Laura Avelllaneda
Gonzalo Quiroz
Fostering Resilience for Food Security
Edith Fernandez Baca
Fostering Resilience for Food Security
James Leslie
UNEP
Silvia Giada
Guinea Bissau
Karen Podvin
Ivory Coast
Florencia Zapata
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 
News and Updates: 

  Learning by doing: the construction of the approach and program EbALunahuana, Cañete, 25 to May 30, 2015 - The third Global technical workshop on ecosystem-based adaptation learning for the Global Mountain EbA programme, which is running in Nepal, Uganda and Peru, was held. The workshop aimed to identify and assess the contributions that the program has made ​​in EbA mainstreaming in public policies and in building resilience and adaptive capacity of local populations.

  CRiSTAL Parques, 26-29 January, 2015 - Del 26 al 29 de enero de 2015 se aplicó, en la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas (RPNYC) de Perú, la herramienta CRiSTAL Parques, un instrumento de apoyo a la toma de decisiones que ayuda a los profesionales de la conservación y a los responsables de Áreas Protegidas (AP) a integrar riesgos climáticos en su planificación.

  Ruedo en las alturas - El Chaccu, tradición ancestral de arreo de vicuñas, es hoy una importante medida de adaptación al cambio climático basada en ecosistemas.

  Dioses del agua - Para los pobladores de Canchayllo, distrito de Jauja, en la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas, el cambio climático ha sido una buena excusa para el ingenio y los buenos reflejos. Ahí se han modificado comportamientos, infraestructura y organización con el fin de potenciar, conservar y restaurar la administración de pastos y agua de la zona. Esta es su historia.

  Viaje por los ecosistemas del Perú, Lima, 7 December 2014 -  Junto a un cuentacuentos y pobladores de la costa, sierra y selva del Perú, los proyectos EbA Montaña, EBA Amazonía y Humboldt del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD), presentaron en el Auditorio Principal de la feria Voces por el clima -espacio para la sociedad civil en el marco de la COP20 en Lima-, “Mi montaña, mi bosque, mi mar: nuestro pan de cada día”, una puesta en escena que utilizó la tradición oral para contar cómo las comunidades se están adaptando al cambio climático.

  Presentan avances en el Proyecto EbA Montaña, Huancayo, 4 February 2015 - El 4 de febrero en la ciudad de Huancayo, se reunieron los miembros del Comité Directivo del Proyecto EbA Montaña para informar acerca de los avances del proyecto, discutir el Plan Operativo Anual y la presentación de los resultados del estudio de Vulnerabilidad, Impacto y Adaptación al cambio climático (VIA) en la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas (RPNYC), área de intervención del proyecto, a cargo del equipo de Centro de Datos para la Conservación (CDC)-Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina y la Universidad de Columbia.

  Proyecto EbA Montaña participa en el Foro Mundial de Montañas en Cusco, 23-25 May 2014 - El Foro Mundial de Montañas (WMF, por sus siglas en inglés) -un espacio de encuentro para la ciencia, los tomadores de decisión y los activistas del Desarrollo Sostenible de las Montañas del mundo- se desarrolló en Cusco, Perú del 23 al 25 de mayo de 2014. El objetivo fue crear un espacio que permita la discusión y el intercambio de experiencias en temas vinculados al cambio climático, agricultura familiar, comunidades y ciudades de montaña, en el marco del trabajo en los ecosistemas de montaña.

  EbA Montaña en Perú identifica vulnerabilidad e impacto frente al cambio climático de la RPNYC, 26 March 2014, se presentó en la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM) la Evaluación de Vulnerabilidad e Impacto (EVI) frente al cambio climático de la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas, el cual forma parte del proyecto Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas de Montaña (EbA Montaña) en Perú. Fue preparado entre agosto de 2012 y diciembre de 2013 gracia a un acuerdo entre el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA) y la Fundación para el Desarrollo Agrario (FDA) de la UNALM.
 

Global Ecosystems Based Adaptation in Mountains Programme

Human wellbeing and livelihoods cannot be sustained without healthy ecosystems. Mountain ecosystems are particularly important, in that they maintain rich ecological processes and provide essential goods and services, especially water, not only to mountain people, but also to downstream lowlands where demand from population centers, agriculture and industry is high. These ecosystems, however, face severe threats from unsustainable land use practices (overgrazing and non-conservation agriculture), illegal wood extraction, development of large-scale infrastructure (dams, roads) and unsustainable natural resource projects (hydrocarbons, mining). 

Climate change further compounds these threats by increasing levels of exposure to droughts, floods (which in turn results in an increase in landslides) and changes in seasonality. These impacts both undermine the resilience of the mountain ecosystems and increase the vulnerability of the local mountain communities, whose livelihoods and wellbeing depend on their services. Mountain people tend to be among the world’s poorest and most marginalized populations. Not only do many share the disadvantages of rural poverty and ethnic or religious discrimination. They also face additional challenges to subsistence brought about by elevation, rough topography and severe climate.

Through the global Ecosystems-based Adaptation (EBA) in Mountains Programme, UNDP, UNEP and IUCN, with funding from the German Government, are using sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems, as part of an overall adaptation strategy, to reduce the vulnerability and enhance the resilience of select fragile mountain ecosystems and their local communities to climate change impacts.  It is a global partnership that involve national and regional government agencies, civil society and local communities in three pilot countries: Uganda, Nepal and Peru.

Photos provided by: UNDP Peru, Carlos Diaz Huertas and Adriana Kato, UNDP Nepal, Tine Rossing, Andrea Egan, UNDP Uganda, Ed Barrows and James Leslie.

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-74.311523448906 -12.372197358833)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Local mountain communities in project pilot sites in Peru, Uganda and Nepal
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
Germany’s Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB): Euro 11.5 million
Assessments and Background Documents
Project Brief / Fact Sheet
Training & Tools
Brochures, Posters, Communications Products
About: 

The Ecosystems-based Adaptation (EbA) in Mountains Programme is a global partnership jointly implemented by UNDP, UNEP and IUCN from 2011-2015, with funding from the Germany’s Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). While global in scope, Uganda, Nepal and Peru were selected as pilot countries, due to their significant vulnerability to climate change, coupled with their endowment of fragile mountain ecosystems upon which a multitude of communities and economic activities depend.

The overarching Programme goal is to strengthen capacities of the involved governments and local communities to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience to the effects of climate change using EbA measures in targeted mountain ecosystems.

Expected programme results include:

  • New and field tested methodologies and decision-making tools for EbA, including Vulnerability & Impact Assessments;
  • Monitoring and Evaluation centered on ecosystem resilience; and
  • Capacities and knowledge of all involved stakeholders (national, district and local level government, local communities and civil society organizations) will be enhanced for planning and implementing both early action “No Regrets” and longer-term EbA measures through pilot activities in target mountain ecosystems.

Based on evidence emerging from these processes, lessons will also be generated on how to use cost-benefit analyses to make an economic case for specific EbA measures. In close collaboration with key governments agencies, evidence and lessons will be generated on how to mainstream EbA into broader district and national policy and financing frameworks. These lessons can be scaled-up and shared as policy examples at regional and global levels beyond the three pilot countries. Overall, the resilience to climate change of targeted mountain ecosystems and their local custodians will be enhanced.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: Methodologies and tools for EbA decision making developed. The application of appropriate scientific methodologies and tools to assist decision makers on the effectiveness of the interventions is a critical ingredient of successful EbA approaches. In each pilot country, this outcome will finance a process that will assess, evaluate and develop appropriate methodologies for use in informing project adaptation actions. Additional results that will be generated include development of project baselines as well as comprehensive monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to monitor programme impacts. Indicators will be developed to specifically measure impacts related to ecosystem functioning and adaptive capacity.

Outcome 2: EbA methodologies and tools applied at ecosystem level. This outcome will finance the development of a capacity building approach that, in turn, will be used to apply the methodologies and tools developed under Outcome 1. In order to ensure sustainability in the use of the tools as well as ensuring that results from the programme are integrated in national processes, relevant stakeholders who were to be involved in the programme will be trained in the use and application of the tools.

Outcome 3: EbA pilot projects implemented in each pilot country and contributing towards ecosystem resilience and reduction of livelihood vulnerability in the face of climate change impacts. A number of EbA activities will be identified and selected for implementation based on the outputs of outcomes 1 and 2. In addition, 1) institutional roles and responsibilities for EbA will be agreed to by different stakeholders at all levels; 2) Institutional capacity of local governments and other key national institutions to plan, monitor and enforce EbA will be enhanced; 3) pilot projects focusing on water resources management and enhancement of soil conservation measures will be implemented; 4) market opportunities and access will be enhanced; and 5) lessons learned from pilot projects will be captured and disseminated.

Outcome 4: Business case for EbA at the local and national levels developed. To make an economic case for EbA, the project will identify and apply the best methods and practice for socio-economic evaluation of adaptation options. This will provide an economic justification for support from relevant government institutions for the use of EbA as a climate risk management strategy. To this end, i) an enabling environment for scaling-up EbA at national level will be created; and ii) information and capacities of key government stakeholders will be enhanced so as to integrate EBA into national development planning processes and climate change policies and strategies.

Outcome 5:New learning and knowledge on EbA generated. In early 2014, the scope of the Programme was expanded to include a new Learning and Knowledge Component. These new activities will strengthen learning about EbA at various levels namely 1) site level – i.e. the three pilot sites in Nor Yauyos-Cochas, Mount Elgon and Panchase – 2) country level (Peru, Uganda and Nepal), and 3) beyond (inter-country, regional and global levels). Systematization of generated information and learning wil be used by partners to generate new science, insights and messages that can influence policy and practice on EBA in mountain ecosystems and beyond. The application of methodologies and tools, combined with implementation of pilot activities, will enable the Programme to shorten the learning curve for local and national institutions, and fast-track the transfer of knowledge and experience in building ecosystem and social resilience to climate change.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Caroline Petersen
UNDP
Tine Rossing
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 
Map Caption: 

The EbA Mountain Ecosystems Programme is working in designated project sites in Nepal, Peru, and Uganda.

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans

The Integrating Agriculture in NAPs programme targets eight countries: Kenya, Nepal, the Philippines, Thailand, Uganda, Uruguay, Viet Nam and Zambia.   The programme aims to assist decision makers in programme countries to integrate climate change concerns that affect agriculture based livelihoods into national  and sector planning and budgeting processes. The initiative plans to expand assistance to include other countries in the Pacific, Asia, Africa as well as Latin America and the Caribbean regions. The initiative is implemented by UNDP in collaboration with FAO with funding from the Government of Germany's International Climate Initiative.

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Planning Meeting Presentations
Programme Outline
About: 

Integrating Agriculture in NAPs is a joint UNDP-FAO, multi-year initiative, funded by the Government of Germany. Through it, support is provided to partner countries for the identification and integration of agriculture climate adaptation measures into national planning and budgeting processes. This integration will help to enhance:

  • institutional capacities and processes for operationalizing climate response strategies in the sector;
  • more strategic allocations of national budgets earmarked for adaptation investments;
  • access to international climate finance sources, such as Global Environment Facility  and the Green Climate Fund.

While the focus of the programme is mainly on the agricultural sector (including fisheries and forestry), lessons learned can be used by other sectors interested in integrating adaptation needs into national planning and budgeting. 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Objectives and Expected Outcomes

The objective of the Programme is to support countries to integrate climate change concerns as they affect agriculture sector-based livelihoods into relevant national and sectoral planning and budgeting processes.

The expected outcomes (specific programme goals) are as follows:

(I) Technical capacity and institutions on NAPs strengthened: Capacities of policy and technical staff in key ministries including Agriculture, Environment, Planning, and Finance as well as key institutions in local government will be strengthened to take climate change risks and opportunities for the Agriculture sector into account in planning and budgeting processes. Existing methods and tools are employed for officers to a) understand adaptation options and implications of climate change in the agriculture sector; b) use data and tools for climate risk management-related decision-making processes at the sector level; and c) incorporate key priorities for climate change risk management within existing planning and budgeting processes at the national and sub-national levels.

(II) Integrated roadmaps for NAPs developed: Processes for the formulation of NAPs that address priorities of the agriculture sector will be defined and institutionalized. Each country will develop, in the context of their NAP process, a roadmap for incorporating climate change risks management practices in the planning and budgeting process of the agriculture sector over the medium and long term.

(III) Evidence-based results for NAPs improved: An impact assessment framework will be developed for the agriculture sector that will generate evidence-based results of adaptation options. This evidence base will be critical for national adaptation planning. Quasi-experimental design principles will be used in the impact evaluation framework. The results from the application of the framework will serve as input into policy dialogues on national adaptation planning and monitoring, tracking and reporting on adaptation at the national level.

(IV) Advocacy and knowledge-sharing on NAPs promoted: The sharing of lessons and best practices between countries for integrating climate change risks and adaptation measures into sectoral and national development plans will be facilitated. North-south, south-south, and triangular exchanges between countries will be convened to share and compile lessons learned on climate change adaptation planning and budgeting for the agriculture sector, and including their relevance for ecosystems-based adaptation and other emerging issues.

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Programme Governance and Outreach

The project governance structure for each target country will be driven by country-specific needs for advancing agriculture sector priorities for planning and budgeting for adaptation. A technical team comprising of representatives of the Ministries of Agriculture, Environment/UNFCCC Focal Points, and programme team members from UNDP and FAO, will ensure the delivery of outputs according to an agreed-to workplan that meets the needs of target countries.

UNDP and FAO will support the Programme through its network of specialised technical staff. UNDP staff working on Sustainable Development Pathways, Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction, and Governance, as well as the FAO technical department on Agriculture and Investment, will be directly involved in supporting countries. Additional specialized technical experts will be utilized to support countries with their capacity building needs.

The Programme aims to establish an international network of institutions and organizations specialising in the Agriculture sector to support countries on designing and implementing NAPs and to leverage the results to a larger community of practice. From the beginning and no later than after the first year into programme implementation, activities will be conducted to engage a wider group of donors to be able to scale up NAP activities. Countries themselves will take a strong role in this advocacy work by providing evidence of policy change, planning results and overall impact. This will create country ownership, update existing methodological approaches, and amplify policy and planning practices by partners and in countries.

A Steering Committee comprised of representatives from the BMUB, UNDP, FAO, Target Countries, and others (e.g. UNFCCC Adaptation Committee, Least Developed Countries Expert Group) will be formed to review the progress and annual benchmarks achieved. Additional partners and donors will be integrated into the governing structure of the Programme where necessary.

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Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility

The Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF), established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.  This facility incorporates national projects in CambodiaCabo VerdeHaitiMaliNigerand Sudanthat scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund (GEF/LDCF).  In addition, a global component of the CCAF promotes south-south cooperation and enhance understanding about initiatives that address adaptation, especially the gender dimensions. 

The global Facility collects and analyzes information, experiences, and lessons learned emanating from the six national projects to produce and disseminate knowledge that can be shared between the countries and usefully applied in other contexts.  The CCAF also helps to broadly inform climate and sustainable development policies at the local, national and global levels, while promoting global exchange of information, experiences, and lessons learned.

Click on the country name below to find out more about each national project.

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La Facilité d’adaptation aux changements climatiques Canada/PNUD

La Facilité d’adaptation aux changements climatiques Canada/PNUD œuvre pour renforcer la sécurité alimentaire et la gestion de l’eau dans le contexte des changements climatiques. Elle soutient des initiatives d’adaptation dans six pays en développement: le Cap-Vert, le Cambodge, Haïti, le Mali, le Niger et le Soudan. Elle encourage les échanges, tout en favorisant la diffusion des stratégies innovantes ainsi que la transposition à plus grande échelle des initiatives concluantes. 
 

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility Video

This 5 minute video gives an introduction to the Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF). Established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, the facility aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.

The CCAF facility incorporates national projects in Cambodia, Cabo Verde, Haiti, Mali, Niger, and Sudan, that scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund.

Formation aux Outils de Communications: Essais photo et Photorecits

Le film du Webinaire (14 Avril, 2015) a été organisé par

Webinar Training on Communications Tools: Exposure Essays and Photostories

This video presents a Webinar held April 9, 2015 by the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility.  The training is on How to Develop Exposure Essays and Microsoft Photostories - two tools that are simple to use and have great impact in telling a visual story of project deliverables. (In English)

Le Fonds d’Adaptation au Changement Climatique Canada-PNUD

Le Fonds d’Adaptation au Changement Climatique Canada-PNUD aide six pays à se préparer et à répondre aux impacts du changement climatique sur les vies et les moyens de subsistance

Le Fonds encourage l'échange et l'interaction entre ces pays et régions. Pour partager leurs approches novatrices et expériences réussies. Réunir connaissances et expériences est la seule façon de relever le défi du changement climatique.

El Fondo de Adaptación al Cambio Climático PNUD-Canadá

El Fondo de Adaptación al Cambio Climático PNUD-Canadá apoya seis países para prepararse y hacer frente a los impactos del cambio climático en la vida y los medios de subsistencia. La iniciativa promueve el intercambio y la interacción entre los países y regiones. Para compartir enfoques innovadores y ampliar las estrategias exitosas. Reuniendo a una diversidad de conocimientos y experiencias es la única forma de hacer frente al desafío del cambio climático.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility Trailer

This short trailer gives an introduction to the Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF). Established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, the facility aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.

The CCAF facility incorporates national projects in Cambodia, Cape Verde, Haiti, Mali, Niger, and Sudan, that scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experiences from Mali

This photostory illustrates activities being undertaken and results achieved under a Canada-funded climate change adaptation project in Mali.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experience from Cambodia and Sudan

This video provides an illustration and comparison of the concrete activities and results achieved to adapt to climate change in Cambodia and Sudan.  While working in different contexts, both countries are working to address similar challenges related to food security and water management through gender-sensitive approaches.  These projects are implemented under the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility- supported by the Global Environment Facility's Least Developed Countries Fund and the Government of Canada.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experiences from Sudan

This video illustrates specific activities and impressive results emerging from the climate change adptation project being implemented in Sudan.  Focusing primarily on the State of North Kordofan, resilient agricultural and water management practice are being introduced to address food security and water scarcity issues exacerbated by climate change.  This work is part of a project supported by the Global Environment Fund's Least Developed Countries Fund, and the Government of Canada.

Knowledge Products
Project Brief / Fact Sheet
Training & Tools
Case Study
Programme Related Events
Highlights
About: 

As illustrated below, the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility targets and supports three groups of stakeholders through its work:

1) Canada-funded adaptation projects Community of Practice which strengthens implementation of Canada-funded projects by facilitating communication, identifying lessons learned and sharing resources between project stakeholders'

2) Other CCA projects which strengthens and informs other adaptation projects supported by UNDP and other partners by documenting and sharing lessons learned from Canada-funded projects.  CCAF projects will also use lessons learned from this wider portfolio to inform implementation.

3) External Partners through communicating and sharing lessons learned from Canada-funded projects and UNDP's broader CCA portfolio with partners and donors.

 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The global Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility has three key outcomes:

Outcome 1: Global coordination of Canada-UNDP portfolio of climate change adaptation projects is operational and visible

Outcome 2: Global knowledge management of climate change adaptation experience and lessons emerging from Canada-UNDP portfolio of projects is enhanced and effective

Outcome 3: Gender results from Canada-UNDP climate change adaptation project portfolio inform broader adaptation processes.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Jennifer Baumwoll
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

Global Exchange Workshop - Niamey, 2-5 March 2015: Bringing together a diversity of knowledge and experience is the only way to tackle the challenge of climate change. 

   To see video interviews with workshop participants, visit the CCAF YouTube Channel.
 
Climate change adaptation is a new and evolving area of work that has bourgeoned in the last decade, with many different measures tried, and many successes, challenges and lessons emerging.  As such, it becomes increasingly important to ensure the information and knowledge arising from this vast experience is shared through exchange and interaction at all levels - within countries, across borders and between regions. This was the aim behind the Global Exchange Workshop on Adaptation for Food Security and Resilience.  This Workshop, co-hosted by the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF) and the Africa Climate Adaptation Food Security (ACA) regional programme, brought together experts from eleven countries to share their experiences and lessons learn on a variety of adaptation-related issues.
 

The CCAF was established in 2014 to promote south-south cooperation and enhance understanding about initiatives that address adaptation, with a focus on gender dimensions. This Facility focuses on six initiatives supported by Canada, all aiming to strengthen resilient approaches to agriculture and water management. It also provides broader exchange between these projects and other adaptation initiatives supported by UNDP and other partners.  Similarly, the ACA regional programme, supported by the Government of Japan, aims to 1) improve climate information systems for informed decision-making and integrated planning approaches; and 2) test and scale up climate risk management measures including weather index insurance and community based adaptation measures, while also enhancing the capacity to access and manage climate finance. These two initiatives jointly hosted the Exchange Workshop in Niamey, Niger from 2-5 March.

Representatives from countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Arab States were brought together to share experiences and document critical lessons and successes emerging from their ongoing projects. The workshop was organized around six thematic issues:

  • Climate-related information and services,
  • Innovations in water, soil, energy and crop management technologies and approaches,
  • Strengthening policy and institutions to better integrate agriculture, food security and climate change,
  • Financing measures for resilience,
  • Gender-sensitive approaches, and
  • Measuring impact of adaptation on development outcomes. 

Every participating country shared at least one innovative experience from their project related to these themes, and participants discussed the various processes, challenges and success factors that would allow others to apply the same approach in their countries.

The participants also visited three project sites near Niamey, where adaptation activities are being undertaken with support of the GEF and the Government of Canada. Activities observed included the introduction of new irrigation techniques and supporting women’s collectives engage with alternative income generating activities, such as gardening and livestock fattening. The participants had an opportunity to speak with the beneficiaries directly and understand their experiences and challenges.

This workshop stands as the first step in establishing a community of practice around the issues of adaptation and food security.  The information shared will be turned into technical briefings and comparative analyses, and the countries will continue their exchange.  A full workshop report is available on the CCAF ALM website here: in English: Proceedings of Global Exchange Workshop - Niamey, 2-5 March 2015, and en Francais: Rapport de l"Atelier International d'Echanges sur l'Adaptation pour la Securite Alimentaire et la Resilience and all of the presentations and workshop materials are available on the Global Exchange Workshop Teamworks Page.  

For further information, please contact Jennifer Baumwoll, CCAF project coordinator at Jennifer.baumwoll@undp.org

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Africa Adaptation Programme

The Africa Adaptation Programme was launched in 2008 by the United Nations Development Programme in partnership with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food Programme (WFP) and with US$92.1 million support from the Government of Japan. The AAP was established under the Japan-UNDP Joint Framework for Building Partnership to Address Climate Change in Africa, which was founded at the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) in May 2008.

Over a 3 year period, concluding at the end of 2012, AAP instituted transformational changes in the 20 African countries in the areas of 1) long-term planning; 2) leadership and institutional capacity; 3) climate-resilient policies and measures; 4) innovative finance; and 5) knowledge generation and sharing.  AAP’s support helped enhance the adaptive capacity of the AAP countries, promote early adaptation action and lay the foundation for long-term investment to increase resilience to climate change across the African continent.

The 20 AAP countries were: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Morocco, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome Principe, Senegal, Tanzania, and Tunisia.

Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-17.2265625065 14.8173706265)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$92,100,000
About: 

Africa is particularly vulnerable to climate change. It will exacerbate the economic, political and humanitarian stresses that countries in the region already face, and greatly reduce their capacity to eradicate extreme poverty. The poorest segments of society will be the most severely affected because they are also the least able to adapt. Responding to the threat of climate change will require concerted action on an unprecedented scale. Systematic action will be required across all levels of development planning and implementation (regional, national, sub-national, and local) if development in a number of countries is not to be reversed.

Some African countries have identified key vulnerabilities and priority adaptation measures, and others have initiated demonstration adaptation projects. However, countries continue to face a number of challenges including the following: (i) adaptation initiatives are limited in scope and scale, and their impacts are neither cohesive nor sustainable; (ii) institutional capacities, relationships, policies and practices to assess and manage climate change risks are not developed sufficiently to create an enabling environment, with corresponding political and social champions to support the formulation and implementation of efficient solutions to a problem that has complex multi-sectoral effects; (iii) limited knowledge of the most appropriate adaptation policies and measures hinders countries from preparing themselves with the necessary institutional capacities to support climate risk management; (iv) limited financing options to sustain scaled-up adaptation remains a constraint; and (v) it is difficult for countries to learn from each other about their experiences with different approaches to adaptation.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

During the three years of its implementation (2010-2012), AAP laid the groundwork for an ongoing, dynamic adaptation process in harmony with each country’s social, environmental and economic priorities. In all 20 countries, AAP has nourished an environment in which decisions and activities in support of adaptation can be evidence-based, strategic and appropriate to the goals of sustainable development, resulting in long-term investment to increase resilience to climate change.

Strengthening Long-Term Planning Mechanisms

AAP’s Data and Information Management Component (DIMC) assisted countries to develop the infrastructure and capabilities needed to access, analyse and apply climate data and information for decision-making. Overall, over 10,000 people were trained in climate data analysis under AAP’s DIMC.  AAP’s support under DIMC helped increase countries’ capacity to support vulnerability and risk assessments and use climate data and information to integrate adaptation into national development planning.

Building Institutional and Leadership Capacity

AAP assisted in enhancing professional leadership capacity and institutional effectiveness in countries by increasing awareness of climate change issues, developing multi-stakeholder approaches and implementing national adaptation strategies that address the needs of men and women equally.   For example, under AAP, Kenya established a National Climate Change Secretariat to coordinate the different climate change focal points in key government ministries. Through this multi-ministerial coordination, Kenya has facilitated the National Climate Change Response Strategy and ensured adaptation interventions take a multi-sectoral approach.

Implementing Climate-Resilient Policies and Measures

AAP provided assistance to countries to implement policy measures that protect climate sensitive sectors and encourage private sector investment in adaptation, such as adaptation pilot projects and national climate change strategies.  For example, Nigeria, with the support of AAP, adopted a National Policy on Climate Change and Response Strategy, which will ensure a coordinated approach to addressing climate change.

Innovative Finance

Under AAP, innovative financing options to meet national adaptation costs were expanded at the local, national, sub-regional and regional levels. For example, AAP supported Morocco to expand public-private partnerships to mobilise funds for future climate change projects in local communities.  Through a public-private partnership developed through AAP, a solar lighting project was completed in a rural community.  Additionally, AAP trained stakeholders to undertake cost-benefit analyses of adaptation options.

Generating and Sharing Knowledge

Through AAP, knowledge on adjusting national development processes to fully incorporate climate change risks and opportunity was generated and shared across all levels across all 20 countries. For example, the production and broadcast of television and radio segments (e.g. Burkina Faso, Mauritius, Namibia, and Tunisia) and documentaries (e.g. Cameroon, Kenya, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal and Tanzania) effectively shared information and concerns on climate change adaptation.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Jen Stephens
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 


 

Pilot Programme on Integrated Adaptation Strategies in Mali

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Level of Intervention: 
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Coordinates: 
POINT (-2.32909545396 17.8142388326)
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Financing Amount: 
$3,952,550.00
Co-Financing Total: 
$402,500.00
Contacts: 
UNDP
Mame Diop
Location: 
Funding Source Short Code: 
bf
Project Status: 

Integrated Climate Change Adaptation Strategies (ICCAS) in Grenada

As a small island state, Grenada is particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of projected climate change and many of the natural resources in Grenada are threatened by its impacts. In response, the overarching objective of the ICCAS Programme is to increase resilience of vulnerable communities and ecosystems to climate change risks in Grenada through integrated adaptation approaches. The Programme targets both government (including its sectoral agencies), and communities already being impacted by climate change.

Implemented by the Environment Unit of the Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Forestry, Fisheries and Environment, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the programme is funded by the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) under its International Climate Initiative (IKI).

UNDP-supported programme efforts include:

  • Increasing the adaptive capacity of communities through the implementation of concrete community-based adaptation activities and incentives in the islands of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique;
  • Strengthening the understanding and awareness of climate change risks and adaptation measures (adaptation plan);
  • Disseminating lessons learned and best practices at the local, national, regional and international levels.

For more information on the ICCAS Programme, visit the ICCAS website

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Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-61.6663 12.1045)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
1,936,830.00

NAWASA WATER WARZ 2015

The island’s sole water utility, the National Water and Sewage Authority (NAWASA) launched in April 2015 activities to observe World Water Day with three initiatives, two which are intended to make a difference.

The 22nd World Water Day is being celebrated under the theme: “Water and Sustainable Development” and will target the nation’s schools.

How to become a GREENZ Climate Champion

An interactive Climate Change Toolkit for primary schools in Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique. The Greenz Climate Champions’ campaign was officially launched 24th of June 2016. 

Climate Change Awareness Walk

On May 30th 2015 the UNDP-ICCAS team collaborated with the Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Fisheries, Forestries and the Environment to host the first ICCAS Grenada Climate Walk. With an official estimate of 700 persons, the walk started at Tanteen Playing field and made its way down to Morne Rouge playfield under the watchful supervision of the Royal Grenadian Police Force.

TV Grenada adapts Now!

This advertisement highlights this Grenadian-German pilot project with the aim to increase the resilience of communities and ecosystems to climate risks in the tri-island state of Grenada.

Community Climate Change Fund Launch - UNDP

On 14th November 2014, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) launched the Community Climate Change Adaptation Fund. The fund is one of 4 components under the Grenadian-German Integrated Climate Change Adaptation Strategies pilot project that is jointly implemented by GIZ, the German International Cooperation Agency and UNDP.

Co-Financing Total: 
92,575.00
About: 

Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique or the State of Grenada, is a Small Island Developing State (SIDS), located on the Southeastern Caribbean. With shores washed by both the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, Grenada as all SIDS is particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. For example, extreme climate related events such as hurricanes are projected to be intensified by climate change. In fact, Grenada experienced two (2) recent major droughts, which had substantial adverse effects on water resources and the agriculture sector. Projections indicate a strong likelihood of reduced annual rainfall as well as sea level rise.

With these current and projected adverse effects, the island state of Grenada, needs to adapt. But while Grenada has developed many policies and strategies relating to climate change, a strategic and comprehensive approach to adaptation, which includes the coordination across sectors and the implementation of concrete measures, is needed.

The Integrated Climate Change Adaptation Strategies or ICCAS Program, is designed to provide a holistic approach to climate change adaptation in the State of Grenada. The overall aim of the ICCAS Program is to increase resilience of vulnerable communities and ecosystems to climate change risks on all three islands: Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique. The project uses a comprehensive, integrated approach for analyzing and implementing adaptation strategies. This model it is hoped, can serve as a role model for other countries and regions.

The ICCAS Program is implemented by the Government of Grenada, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur InternationaleZusammenarbeit (GIZ). The GIZ is a German federal enterprise that supports the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development. The ICCAS Program is also a part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI) (link to details to be place somewhere else????). The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUM) supports the IKI on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Parliament (Bundestag).

The Ministry of Agriculture, Lands and Environment of the Government of Grenada, through its Environment Division, is directly responsible for program implementation. However, the Program engages with a variety other Government Ministries (e.g. Ministry of Education), academia and communities, especially those already being impacted by climate change. True to its name, the Program pursues and integrates, a multi-sectoral approach, linking local activities to notational measures and vice versa. For example, the National Climate Change Committee is being advised on the development of systematic risk analyses to identify susceptible coastal zones in the country and on how to increase their resilience to climate change.

The ICCAS program consists of four main components:

  • A community based climate change adaptation fund, which provides direct support for the population involved in small-scale adaptation measures (Implemented by the UNDP)
  • An integrated water resource and coastal zone management component (Implemented by the GIZ)
  • The mainstreaming of climate change adaptation considerations into the national planning process (Implemented by GIZ)
  • Promotes measures to enable Grenada to access climate finance for adaptation activities in the long term (Implemented by GIZ) and raises awareness and knowledge of climate risks Iimplemented by the UNDP)

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Mission

The overarching goal of the programme is to increase resilience of vulnerable communities and ecosystems to climate change risks in Grenada through integrated adaptation approaches.

Component 3:

  • Setup and operationalizing of the Community Climate Change Adaptation Fund (CCCAF): The aim of CCCAF is to provide financing for community based projects of a climate adaptation nature that includes activities related to agriculture, fishing, tourism, health, water, education and awareness, marine and coastal areas, livelihoods and others. Through a full range of community engagement and outreach the CCCAF was established and launched with 162 community groups responding with application for small grant for adaptation projects. So far the National Climate Change Committee (NCCC) has approved 29 projects for implementation at a value of over 1 million US dollars of which 12 projects have already started with implementation activities. The Government of Grenada sees the CCCAF as a very important initiative that will not only help vulnerable communities adapt to climate change, but also will bring much needed livelihood opportunities.
  • Establishment of the Operational Guidelines for CCCAF: The Operational Guidelines for the fund was developed drawing on regional and international experience. In particular, research and collaboration was done with the Global Environment Facility Small Grants Programme (GEF SGP) and the Indonesian Climate Change Adaptation Trust Fund. The total size of the fund is US $1.3 million, with individual projects being able to access financing of up to USD $50,000.
  • Building Capacity for mainstreaming climate change: As part of strengthened understanding and awareness of climate change and project management a series of training was conducted for community group members, government officials and projects staff. These training included: education and awareness of climate change; project proposal development; project management; Microsoft excel and monitoring and evaluation.
  • Establishment of the ICCAS Community Liaison Network (CLN): The CLN aims to ensure adequate field support for all projects from the CCCAF. In addition, the already established extension districts of the Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on mainland Grenada are utilized to ensure thorough representation and support for CCCAF projects. Furthermore, another field office is based in Carriacou to serve projects from Carriacou and Petite Martinique.

Component 4.2

To serve as a guide for all major awareness activities under the ICCAS Programme, a 'communication strategy' was developed, placing
emphasis on various target groups and dissemination methods. Subcomponents of the strategy comprised of:

  • ICCAS Climate Change Walk: Three major climate change walks and exhibitions were held between May and June 2015 one each on mainland Grenada, as well as Carriacou and Petite Martinique where approxiamately 1300 persons participated. The walk was aimed at drawing awareness of the devastating impacts of Climate Change already being observed in Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique and highlighting possible solutions.
  • Climate Change Football Cup: This was a climate change initiative where primary schools in Carriacou and Petite Martinique (PM) competed in both an environmental project and a football competition between August to October 2015. The environmental project component serves as a mechanism for children to proactively educate themselves, their families, schools, and their communities about the importance of practicing environmental stewardship in their own environments.
  • Six ICCAS climate change billboard with the “Grenada Adapts to Climate Change Now!“ branded artwork erected throughout Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique.
  • The ICCAS climate change video public service announcement (PSA) with the “Grenada Adapts to Climate Change Now!“ story board was aired on two television and three radio stations during the months of April to August, 2015.
  • The ICCAS climate change wrapping with the “Grenada Adapts to Climate Change Now!“ artwork was placed on seven (7) public buses travelling in different bus routes in Grenada and Carriacou.
Contacts: 
UNDP
Gabor Vereczi
UNDP
Mr. Martin Barriteau
Location: 
Funding Source Short Code: 
bf
Project Status: 
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Philippines NAMA

Under the Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme, financed by the EU, Germany, and AusAID, participating countries are primarily focusing on capacity building activities at the national level.  This includes formulating Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) and/or Nationally appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), as well as establishing the underlying data collection systems (i.e. national GHG inventory systems, and monitoring, reporting and verification systems).

Nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) are concrete projects, policies, and/or programmes that shift a technology or sector in a country onto a low-carbon development trajectory.  A LEDS, on the other hand, outlines the intended overall economic, energy, and emissions trajectory for a country and helps to identify entry points for policy intervention (including identifying and prioritizing NAMAs and ensuring coherence between NAMAs and national development goals).

Under the Programme, the Philippines will fully operationalise its newly developed GHG inventory management system as a platform to identify NAMAs, design LEDS, and MRV mitigation actions. The focus under the Programme will be on building capacities in the transport, waste management, and agriculture sectors.

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Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (120.893557742 15.4649600982)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
The four-year Low Emission Capacity Building Programme is being implemented with €8,000,000 of funding from the European Union and €5,000,000 from the Federal Republic of Germany.
About: 

Supporting Mitigation Actions

As a country driven process, each country determines, develops and executes its own project with a clear focus on one of the two areas. From the inception phase of each project, however, and for the life of the project, countries will receive guidance and support from UNDP. Guidance and technical backstopping for all national-level projects will be coordinated, delivered and supported through an over-arching component of the programme: the Global Support Unit.

Programme-supported projects fall into one of several categories:

  • Identifying opportunities for nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) and designing low emission development strategies (LEDS) in context of national priorities
  • Design ofsystems for measuring, reporting, and verification (MRV) of proposed actions and means to reduce GHG emissions
  • Develop greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory management systems
  • Facilitate the design and adoption of mitigation actions by selected industries in some countries
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme promotes essential cooperation between relevant institutions, engaging the public sector and industry in a concerted effort to address climate change consistent with national development priorities around the world.

The overall objectives are to strengthen capacities in participating countries in the following ways:

  • Develop greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory management systems;
  • Identify opportunities for nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA);
  • Design low emission development strategies (LEDS) in the context of national priorities
  • Design systems for measuring, reporting, and verification of proposed actions and means to reduce GHG emissions
  • Facilitate the design and adoption of mitigation actions by selected industries in some countries
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) should be an essential component of any LEDS, NAMAs, or Mitigation Action Plans (MAPs) prepared by developing countries – particularly if a developing country is seeking external financial, technical or capacity-building support, and will therefore be subject to international MRV as described in the Cancun Accords. However, MRV needs will differ depending on whether a country is undertaking a REDD+ type NAMA, for example, versus improving an urban mass transit system. (It is worth noting that the international political arena also refers to the MRV of public finance; this is not being addressed under this project.)

Methodological approach

New methodologies are being developed by different organizations for the development and adoption of MRVs. Although there are still no adopted guidelines on MRV, we can assume that there will be some overarching principles of good practice, such as using the GHG estimation and reporting processes described in the IPCC guidance materials for GHG inventories.

Institutional and political context

As with the GHG national inventory system, it will be important to raise awareness of all key stakeholders on the necessity for MRV to ensure full engagement. It may be useful to consider developing a strategy to engage key providers of data and ensure they are adequately trained.

Linkages to other relevant initiatives

Clearly, the work undertaken under this component has a direct linkage to the National Communications process. Some countries may also be undertaking GHG inventories at the sub-national level and will need to consider how to incorporate this work, as appropriate. Indicators being used in mitigation projects financed by the GEF or other sources may also provide insights for the MRV strategy for NAMAs, LEDS, and/or MAPs.

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Funding Source Short Code: 
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