Global

Taxonomy Term List

GCF Readiness Programme

The Green Climate Fund Readiness Programme builds countries' capacity to access the Green Climate Fund, through preparing countries to plan for, manage, disburse and monitor climate financing. By offering results-oriented support, the Programme helps strengthen national climate finance institutional frameworks, assist in identifying climate change activities with high funding priority for the countries, and facilitate increased investment of the private sector in climate relevant areas.

Learn more at www.gcfreadinessprogramme.org.

Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Contacts: 
UNDP
Claudia Ortiz
Location: 
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Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans (NAP-Ag)

The joint UNDP-FAO Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans (NAP-Ag) Programme supports partner countries to identify and integrate climate adaptation measures for the agricultural sectors into relevant national planning and budgeting processes. The programme is funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), through its International Climate Initiative (IKI).

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Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Funding Source: 
Reports and Publications by country teams
Reports and Publications of relevance to Country Teams
Case Study
Brochures, Posters, Communications Products
Communications Products
Annual Reports
Training & Tools
Newsletter
Planning Meeting Presentations
Programme Outline

National Adaptation Plans: Building Climate Resilience in Agriculture - Zipora's Story

Zipora Otieno is working for the United Nations as the National Coordinator of the "Integrating Agriculture into National Adaptation Plans" Programme in her home country, Kenya. Her personal story is a special feature in the upcoming massive open online course on National Adaptation Plans: Building Climate Resilience in Agriculture (NAP-Ag MOOC).

Project Details: 

The Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans Programme (NAP-Ag) is a joint UNDP-FAO, multi-year initiative, funded by the Government of Germany. Through it, support is provided to partner countries for the identification and integration of agriculture climate adaptation measures into national planning and budgeting processes. This integration will help to enhance:

  • institutional capacities and processes for operationalizing climate response strategies in the sector;
  • more strategic allocations of national budgets earmarked for adaptation investments;
  • access to international climate finance sources, such as Global Environment Facility  and the Green Climate Fund.

While the focus of the programme is mainly on the agricultural sector (including fisheries and forestry), lessons learned can be used by other sectors interested in integrating adaptation needs into national planning and budgeting. 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Objectives and Expected Outcomes

The objective of the Programme is to support countries to integrate climate change concerns as they affect agriculture sector-based livelihoods into relevant national and sectoral planning and budgeting processes.

The expected outcomes (specific programme goals) are as follows:

(I) Technical capacity and institutions on NAPs strengthened: Capacities of policy and technical staff in key ministries including Agriculture, Environment, Planning, and Finance as well as key institutions in local government will be strengthened to take climate change risks and opportunities for the Agriculture sector into account in planning and budgeting processes. Existing methods and tools are employed for officers to a) understand adaptation options and implications of climate change in the agriculture sector; b) use data and tools for climate risk management-related decision-making processes at the sector level; and c) incorporate key priorities for climate change risk management within existing planning and budgeting processes at the national and sub-national levels.

(II) Integrated roadmaps for NAPs developed: Processes for the formulation of NAPs that address priorities of the agriculture sector will be defined and institutionalized. Each country will develop, in the context of their NAP process, a roadmap for incorporating climate change risks management practices in the planning and budgeting process of the agriculture sector over the medium and long term.

(III) Evidence-based results for NAPs improved: An impact assessment framework will be developed for the agriculture sector that will generate evidence-based results of adaptation options. This evidence base will be critical for national adaptation planning. Quasi-experimental design principles will be used in the impact evaluation framework. The results from the application of the framework will serve as input into policy dialogues on national adaptation planning and monitoring, tracking and reporting on adaptation at the national level.

(IV) Advocacy and knowledge-sharing on NAPs promoted: The sharing of lessons and best practices between countries for integrating climate change risks and adaptation measures into sectoral and national development plans will be facilitated. North-south, south-south, and triangular exchanges between countries will be convened to share and compile lessons learned on climate change adaptation planning and budgeting for the agriculture sector, and including their relevance for ecosystems-based adaptation and other emerging issues.

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Programme Governance and Outreach

The project governance structure for each target country will be driven by country-specific needs for advancing agriculture sector priorities for planning and budgeting for adaptation. A technical team comprising of representatives of the Ministries of Agriculture, Environment/UNFCCC Focal Points, and programme team members from UNDP and FAO, will ensure the delivery of outputs according to an agreed-to workplan that meets the needs of target countries.

UNDP and FAO will support the Programme through its network of specialised technical staff. UNDP staff working on Sustainable Development Pathways, Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction, and Governance, as well as the FAO technical department on Agriculture and Investment, will be directly involved in supporting countries. Additional specialized technical experts will be utilized to support countries with their capacity building needs.

The Programme aims to establish an international network of institutions and organizations specialising in the Agriculture sector to support countries on designing and implementing NAPs and to leverage the results to a larger community of practice. From the beginning and no later than after the first year into programme implementation, activities will be conducted to engage a wider group of donors to be able to scale up NAP activities. Countries themselves will take a strong role in this advocacy work by providing evidence of policy change, planning results and overall impact. This will create country ownership, update existing methodological approaches, and amplify policy and planning practices by partners and in countries.

A Steering Committee comprised of representatives from the BMUB, UNDP, FAO, Target Countries, and others (e.g. UNFCCC Adaptation Committee, Least Developed Countries Expert Group) will be formed to review the progress and annual benchmarks achieved. Additional partners and donors will be integrated into the governing structure of the Programme where necessary.

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Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility

The Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF), established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.  This facility incorporates national projects in CambodiaCabo VerdeHaitiMaliNigerand Sudanthat scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund (GEF/LDCF).  In addition, a global component of the CCAF promotes south-south cooperation and enhance understanding about initiatives that address adaptation, especially the gender dimensions. 

The global Facility collects and analyzes information, experiences, and lessons learned emanating from the six national projects to produce and disseminate knowledge that can be shared between the countries and usefully applied in other contexts.  The CCAF also helps to broadly inform climate and sustainable development policies at the local, national and global levels, while promoting global exchange of information, experiences, and lessons learned.

Click on the country name below to find out more about each national project.

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La Facilité d’adaptation aux changements climatiques Canada/PNUD

La Facilité d’adaptation aux changements climatiques Canada/PNUD œuvre pour renforcer la sécurité alimentaire et la gestion de l’eau dans le contexte des changements climatiques. Elle soutient des initiatives d’adaptation dans six pays en développement: le Cap-Vert, le Cambodge, Haïti, le Mali, le Niger et le Soudan. Elle encourage les échanges, tout en favorisant la diffusion des stratégies innovantes ainsi que la transposition à plus grande échelle des initiatives concluantes. 
 

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility Video

This 5 minute video gives an introduction to the Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF). Established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, the facility aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.

The CCAF facility incorporates national projects in Cambodia, Cabo Verde, Haiti, Mali, Niger, and Sudan, that scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund.

Formation aux Outils de Communications: Essais photo et Photorecits

Le film du Webinaire (14 Avril, 2015) a été organisé par la Facilité  pour l'Adaptation aux Changement Climatiques.  C'est une formation sur les Comment Développer Photorécit et d'Essais Photo, deux outils qui sont simples à utiliser et ont un grand impact à raconter une histoire visuelle de vos livrables du projet.

 

 

Webinar Training on Communications Tools: Exposure Essays and Photostories

This video presents a Webinar held April 9, 2015 by the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility.  The training is on How to Develop Exposure Essays and Microsoft Photostories - two tools that are simple to use and have great impact in telling a visual story of project deliverables. (In English)

Le Fonds d’Adaptation au Changement Climatique Canada-PNUD

Le Fonds d’Adaptation au Changement Climatique Canada-PNUD aide six pays à se préparer et à répondre aux impacts du changement climatique sur les vies et les moyens de subsistance

Le Fonds encourage l'échange et l'interaction entre ces pays et régions. Pour partager leurs approches novatrices et expériences réussies. Réunir connaissances et expériences est la seule façon de relever le défi du changement climatique.

El Fondo de Adaptación al Cambio Climático PNUD-Canadá

El Fondo de Adaptación al Cambio Climático PNUD-Canadá apoya seis países para prepararse y hacer frente a los impactos del cambio climático en la vida y los medios de subsistencia. La iniciativa promueve el intercambio y la interacción entre los países y regiones. Para compartir enfoques innovadores y ampliar las estrategias exitosas. Reuniendo a una diversidad de conocimientos y experiencias es la única forma de hacer frente al desafío del cambio climático.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility Trailer

This short trailer gives an introduction to the Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF). Established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, the facility aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.

The CCAF facility incorporates national projects in Cambodia, Cape Verde, Haiti, Mali, Niger, and Sudan, that scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experiences from Mali

This photostory illustrates activities being undertaken and results achieved under a Canada-funded climate change adaptation project in Mali.  This project aims to all  to strengthen resilience and reduce the impacts of climate change on rural livelihoods. It supports the replication and scale up of new agricultural strategies and small-scale infrastructure first introduced under a previously implemented GEF/LDCF project.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experience from Cambodia and Sudan

This video provides an illustration and comparison of the concrete activities and results achieved to adapt to climate change in Cambodia and Sudan.  While working in different contexts, both countries are working to address similar challenges related to food security and water management through gender-sensitive approaches.  These projects are implemented under the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility- supported by the Global Environment Facility's Least Developed Countries Fund and the Government of Canada.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experiences from Sudan

This video illustrates specific activities and impressive results emerging from the climate change adptation project being implemented in Sudan.  Focusing primarily on the State of North Kordofan, resilient agricultural and water management practice are being introduced to address food security and water scarcity issues exacerbated by climate change.  This work is part of a project supported by the Global Environment Fund's Least Developed Countries Fund, and the Government of Canada.

Communications Products
Knowledge Products
Project Brief / Fact Sheet
Training & Tools
Case Study
Programme Related Events
Highlights
Project Details: 

As illustrated below, the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility targets and supports three groups of stakeholders through its work:

1) Canada-funded adaptation projects Community of Practice which strengthens implementation of Canada-funded projects by facilitating communication, identifying lessons learned and sharing resources between project stakeholders'

2) Other CCA projects which strengthens and informs other adaptation projects supported by UNDP and other partners by documenting and sharing lessons learned from Canada-funded projects.  CCAF projects will also use lessons learned from this wider portfolio to inform implementation.

3) External Partners through communicating and sharing lessons learned from Canada-funded projects and UNDP's broader CCA portfolio with partners and donors.

 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The global Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility has three key outcomes:

Outcome 1: Global coordination of Canada-UNDP portfolio of climate change adaptation projects is operational and visible

Outcome 2: Global knowledge management of climate change adaptation experience and lessons emerging from Canada-UNDP portfolio of projects is enhanced and effective

Outcome 3: Gender results from Canada-UNDP climate change adaptation project portfolio inform broader adaptation processes.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Jennifer Baumwoll
Project Coordinator - Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

Global Exchange Workshop - Niamey, 2-5 March 2015: Bringing together a diversity of knowledge and experience is the only way to tackle the challenge of climate change. 

   To see video interviews with workshop participants, visit the CCAF YouTube Channel.
 
Climate change adaptation is a new and evolving area of work that has bourgeoned in the last decade, with many different measures tried, and many successes, challenges and lessons emerging.  As such, it becomes increasingly important to ensure the information and knowledge arising from this vast experience is shared through exchange and interaction at all levels - within countries, across borders and between regions. This was the aim behind the Global Exchange Workshop on Adaptation for Food Security and Resilience.  This Workshop, co-hosted by the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF) and the Africa Climate Adaptation Food Security (ACA) regional programme, brought together experts from eleven countries to share their experiences and lessons learn on a variety of adaptation-related issues.
 

The CCAF was established in 2014 to promote south-south cooperation and enhance understanding about initiatives that address adaptation, with a focus on gender dimensions. This Facility focuses on six initiatives supported by Canada, all aiming to strengthen resilient approaches to agriculture and water management. It also provides broader exchange between these projects and other adaptation initiatives supported by UNDP and other partners.  Similarly, the ACA regional programme, supported by the Government of Japan, aims to 1) improve climate information systems for informed decision-making and integrated planning approaches; and 2) test and scale up climate risk management measures including weather index insurance and community based adaptation measures, while also enhancing the capacity to access and manage climate finance. These two initiatives jointly hosted the Exchange Workshop in Niamey, Niger from 2-5 March.

Representatives from countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Arab States were brought together to share experiences and document critical lessons and successes emerging from their ongoing projects. The workshop was organized around six thematic issues:

  • Climate-related information and services,
  • Innovations in water, soil, energy and crop management technologies and approaches,
  • Strengthening policy and institutions to better integrate agriculture, food security and climate change,
  • Financing measures for resilience,
  • Gender-sensitive approaches, and
  • Measuring impact of adaptation on development outcomes. 

Every participating country shared at least one innovative experience from their project related to these themes, and participants discussed the various processes, challenges and success factors that would allow others to apply the same approach in their countries.

The participants also visited three project sites near Niamey, where adaptation activities are being undertaken with support of the GEF and the Government of Canada. Activities observed included the introduction of new irrigation techniques and supporting women’s collectives engage with alternative income generating activities, such as gardening and livestock fattening. The participants had an opportunity to speak with the beneficiaries directly and understand their experiences and challenges.

This workshop stands as the first step in establishing a community of practice around the issues of adaptation and food security.  The information shared will be turned into technical briefings and comparative analyses, and the countries will continue their exchange.  A full workshop report is available on the CCAF ALM website here: in English: Proceedings of Global Exchange Workshop - Niamey, 2-5 March 2015, and en Francais: Rapport de l"Atelier International d'Echanges sur l'Adaptation pour la Securite Alimentaire et la Resilience and all of the presentations and workshop materials are available on the Global Exchange Workshop Teamworks Page.  

For further information, please contact Jennifer Baumwoll, CCAF project coordinator at Jennifer.baumwoll@undp.org

News and Updates: 

How to get gender-responsive adaptation right

Why is it so difficult to integrate gender into climate change responses? Even with increased emphasis from global policies, donors and funding streams, gender-responsive adaptation is still challenging. Observers mention a number of hurdles such as limited resources, lack of information or deficient expertise —it seems that many practitioners lack an understanding of how to do it. The underlying issue, though, is a refusal to accept that gender-responsive adaptation is better adaptation. We must therefore shift the way that we approach it. Typical solutions to addressing gender in climate change include scattering into proposals and other documents terms like “women” and “equality”, or increasing the number of women beneficiaries in climate projects. In practice, this fails to fundamentally change any part of the underlying design or implementation of a strategy or programme, and therefore has limited impact on ensuring true gender equality. Climate change adaptation is inherently context-specific, and often based on changing behaviour. Climatic changes vary based on the location, as do the social, economic and cultural conditions which define resilience and sustainability. Therefore, when it comes to integrating gender into adaptation, there is no single solution. This is, again, why the challenge is so real.

SciDev
Tuesday 5 September 2017


Women. Work. Climate. by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Adaptive Farms, Resilient Tables by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Equal Access to Water by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Women. Food. Climate. by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Run the World by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Solar EmPOWERment by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure

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Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Programme in Asia and the Pacific

The Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Programme in Asia and the Pacific

The objective of this programme, the first phase of which ran between 2012 and 2015, was to strengthen the capacity of technical officers in Ministries of Planning/Finance, as well as line Ministries (Environment, Agriculture, Water, Public Works, and others) to assess economic costs and benefits when evaluating different adaptation alternatives, as they relate to medium- and long-term national, sub-national and sectoral development plans.

The programme  aimed to produce a cadre of practitioners in government who can prepare high-quality economic analyses related to climate change adaptation projects and programmes. In coordination with other ongoing and planned UNDP initiatives, the programme was designed to strengthen governments’ capacity to more fully integrate climate change adaptation into national, sub-national and sector planning and budgeting.

Ultimately, the programme sought to institutionalize these important analytical skills into ministries and departments, and to enable countries to formulate economically efficient and climate resilient development plans, including National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) - a process established under the Cancun Adaptation Framework (CAF) to help countries identify their medium- and long-term adaptation needs.

In 2017, the ECCA programme transitioned into Phase Two, in collaboration with the Asian Insititute of Technology.

For more information visit : ECCA Asia and the Pacific.

Level of Intervention: 
Primary Beneficiaries: 
The programme aims to produce a cadre of technical officers in each country who are able to conduct economic analyses of climate change adaptation and to feed those analyses into planning and budgeting processes. The programme will seek to strengthen existing systems of sector level planning and budgeting to incorporate key results from the economics of adaptation so that decisions can be evidence-based.
Funding Source: 
Presentation
Training & Tools
Knowledge Products
Highlights
Assessments and Background Documents
Document
Examples of Cost- Benefit Analysis Reports
Relevant Peer-Reviewed Articles
Reports and Publications of relevance to Country Teams
Project Details: 

The programme was designed and rolled out as a compliment to UNDP's support to countries on adaptation with financing from the Least Developed Country Fund, Special Climate Change Fund (managed by the Global Environment Facility) and the Adaptation Fund. It was aligned with UNDP-GEF-UNEP support to countries that are preparing to formulate National Adaptation Plans (NAPs).

Specifically, the approach adopted in this capacity building programme was based on the following key elements:

• Training of technical officers at the national and sub-national level to estimate the economic costs and benefits of climate change impacts as well as adaptation options. 
• Support to technical officers at the national and sub-national level, to assess the costs and benefits of climate change adaptation options in order to promote learning by doing.
• Establishment of the training programme within a suitable center of excellence in the country or region that can provide continuous technical advisory support on the economics of adaptation to countries developing national adaptation plans and investment projects.
• Convening of policy dialogue forums with Ministries of Planning/Finance and line Ministries at the country and regional level to discuss the economics of adaptation in the context of national and sub-national medium and long-term national development plans and investment projects.
• Development and nurturing of a virtual community of practice of technical officers working on the economics of adaptation.
• Support for the appraisal of investment projects for adaptation that can be financed from current and emerging sources of climate finance.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 


• Technical officers in Planning, Finance, Environment, Agriculture, Water and Public Works Ministries and others at the national and sub-national level were trained to estimate the economic costs and benefits of climate change impacts, as well as adaptation options. 
• Country Teams (comprised of technical officers from relevant Government Ministries, academia and others) conducted assessments on the costs and benefits of climate change adaptation options (this work was linked to ongoing adaptation projects financed by the Least Developed Country Fund, Special Climate Change Fund and/or Adaptation Fund).
• Investment projects for adaptation financed from current and emerging sources of funds such as the Green Climate Fund were assessed in terms of their economic costs and benefits.
• The training programme was established within a suitable learning center in the country or region in order to provide continuous technical advisory support to countries on the assessment of economic costs/benefits of adaptation.
• Regular policy dialogue forums with Ministries of Planning/Finance and line Ministries were conducted at the country and regional level, to discuss the economics of adaptation in the context of national and sub-national medium and long-term national development planning process.
• A virtual community of practice working on the economics of adaptation was established, with innovative means to share lessons and knowledge, including Live Chats and Webinars- virtual classroom settings where participants discuss issues with the lead mentors as well as each other. The Global ALM platform provided facilities for the community of practice to share learning materials, as well as lessons learned.

    Contacts: 
    UNDP
    Pradeep Kurukulasuriya
    Head of Climate Change Adaptation, Global Environmental Finance Unit, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
    UNDP
    Mari Tomova
    Technical Specialist
    Project Status: 
    News and Updates: 

    'Uniting theory and action: Asia Pacific Economics of Climate Change Adaptation programme relaunches' - UNDP, June 2017. Notice of launch of Phase Two of the ECCA  Programme in partnership with the Asian Institute of Technology.

    Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Training, 21 August – 1 September 2017, Pathum Thani, Thailand. Materials from training, lead by Asian Institute of Technology in collaboration with UNDP.


     

    Information in French / Informations en français: 


    Display Photo: 
    Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 


    Civil Society Engagement: 


    Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Programme in Asia and the Pacific

    Locations:
    Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet Nam

    The Capacity Building Programme on the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation (ECCA) in Asia is a cooperative effort between UNDP, the USAID ADAPT Asia-Pacific Project, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Global Water Partnership (GWP) and Yale University.  It addresses a consensus reached during a 2012 Regional Consultation that a more comprehensive approach to mainstreaming climate change risks into planning processes was needed to ensure economically-efficient climate change strategies at the sectoral, sub-national and national levels.

    The ECCA programme is thus comprised of a series of trainings on microeconomic tools for assessing the costs and benefits of adaptation.  Trainings are interspersed with in-country work with the mentor support of an economics expert from a local university.  The programme targets technical staff in the public sector, specifically those who are or will be involved in sector or project analysis in central agencies including Planning, Finance, Environment and/or line Ministries.  Many of the targeted staff are also expected to play key roles in mainstreaming climate into development planning, as Least Developing Countries are shortly expected to do through their respective National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process. 

    The 1st and 2nd regional workshops provided training on theory and the practical application of cost-benefit analysis, and introduced participants to forecasting and modeling.  The 3rd and 4th trainings next year will move from project level analysis to sectoral analysis, and will look into country-specific institutional development plans, within the context of ongoing and new initiatives.  These analyses will be further presented to policy makers, and can support decision-making related to the assessment of alternative adaptation options.

    Ultimately, the programme seeks to institutionalize these important analytical skills into ministries and departments, enabling countries to formulate economically efficient and climate resilient development plans, including National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) - a process established under the Cancun Adaptation Framework (CAF) to help countries identify their medium- and long-term adaptation needs.  These trainings will be shaped into a post-graduate training course, available at universities and institutions in Asia region for continued learning. 

    Visit the Capacity Building Programme on the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation (ECCA) profile for overall information on the global programme.  

    Workshops, Live Chats & Webinars

    This is a two-year programme with four regional workshops, each workshop is a building block guiding participants through principles and application techniques of economic analysis. These trainings and experience-sharing workshops are interspersed with field work and application.  Additional support is provided to the country teams through Live Chats and Webinars- virtual classroom settings where participants discuss issues with the lead mentors as well as each other.

    ECCA Datasets

     

     

    Region/Country: 
    Level of Intervention: 
    Coordinates: 
    GEOMETRYCOLLECTION (POINT (108.45703121621 48.069515017649), POINT (85.429687470325 27.749987642412), POINT (90.384521453814 23.813826114775), POINT (100.50292965512 13.740274535279), POINT (104.94140621683 11.510528308555), POINT (105.86425777916 20.990504829302), POINT (80.024414019425 6.9573270569624), POINT (101.73339838335 3.1496580694657), POINT (106.87499994493 -6.2406750314135), POINT (121.06933587988 14.549912196959), POINT (72.268066364565 7.8942163647279), POINT (102.56835932789 17.966541599432))
    Primary Beneficiaries: 
    The programme aims to produce a cadre of technical officers in each country who are able to conduct economic analyses of climate change adaptation and to feed those analyses into planning and budgeting processes. The programme will seek to strengthen existing systems of sector level planning and budgeting to incorporate key results from the economics of adaptation so that decisions can be evidence-based.
    Funding Source: 
    Project Details: 

    The programme is designed and rolled out as a complement to UNDP's support to countries on adaptation with financing from the Least Developed Country Fund, Special Climate Change Fund (managed by the Global Environment Facility) and the Adaptation Fund.  It is aligned with upcoming UNDP-UNEP-GEF support to countries that are preparing to formulate National Adaptation Plans.

    Specifically, the approach adopted in this capacity building programme is based on the following key elements:

    • Training of technical officers at the national and sub-national level to estimate the economic costs and benefits of climate change impacts as well as adaptation options  
    • Support technical officers at the national/sub-national level, including others, to assess the costs and benefits of climate change adaptation options in order to promote learning by doing
    • Establishment of  the training programme within a suitable center of excellence in the country or region that can provide continuous technical advisory support on the economics of adaptation to countries developing national adaptation plans and investment projects
    • Convene policy dialogue forums with Ministries of Planning/Finance and line Ministries at the country and regional level to discuss the economics of adaptation in the context of national and sub-national medium and long-term national development plans and investment projects
    • Develop and nurture a virtual community of practice of technical officers working on the economics of adaptation
    • Support the appraisal of investment projects for adaptation that can be financed from current and emerging sources of climate finance
    Expected Key Results and Outputs: 
    • Technical officers in Planning, Finance, Environment, Agriculture, Water and Public Works Ministries and others at the national and sub-national level trained to estimate the economic costs and benefits of climate change impacts as well as adaptation options  
    • Country Teams (comprised of technical officers from relevant Government Ministries, academia and others) conduct assessments on the costs and benefits of climate change adaptation options (this work will be linked to ongoing adaptation projects financed by the Least Developed Country Fund, Special Climate Change Fund and/or Adaptation Fund)
    • Investment projects for adaptation that can be financed from current and emerging sources of funds such as the Green Climate Fund will be assessed in terms of their economic costs and benefits
    • Establishment of  the training programme within a suitable learning center in the country or region that can provide continuous technical advisory support to countries on the assessing the economic costs/benefits of adaptation
    • Regular policy dialogue forums with Ministries of Planning/Finance and line Ministries conducted at the country and regional level to discuss the economics of adaptation in the context of national and sub-national medium and long-term national development planning process.
    • A virtual community of practice working on the economics of adaptation in will be established, with innovative means to share lessons and knowledge, including Live Chats and Webinars- virtual classroom settings where participants discuss issues with the lead mentors as well as each other.  The Global ALM platform will avail facilities for the community of practice to share learning materials as well as lessons learned. 

     

    Contacts: 
    UNDP
    Pradeep Kurukulasuriya
    Head of Climate Change Adaptation, Global Environmental Finance Unit, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
    UNDP
    Mari Tomova
    Project coordinator
    Project Status: 
    Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

    Upcoming Trainings

    The Economics of Climate Change Adaptation programme was launched by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Adapt Asia-Pacific Project, the Asian Development Bank, the Global Water Partnership and the Yale University in response to the need for a more comprehensive approach for mainstreaming climate change considerations into national planning process to ensure economically-efficient climate change strategies at the sectoral, sub-national and national levels. The programme is comprised of a series of training events aiming to equip government officials in the Asia and the Pacific region with economic tools to help them identify adaptation needs, formulate national adaptation plans and access climate finance for adaptation action. The UNDP in cooperation with the USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific Project and the Regional Resource Center for Asia and the Pacific at the Asian Institute of Technology is organizing ten-day Training Programmes on Economics of Climate Change Adaptation, to be held in August 2017 and February 2018 in Bangkok, Thailand. Learn more and apply

    Programme Related Documents and Events

    Overall Programme Related Documents

     

    Asia Programme Related Events

     

    Communities of Practice, Live Chat and Webinar

    Communities of Practice (CoP) Platform

    First Live Chat Session Summary Report - June 2013

    Second Live Chat Session Summary Report - September 2013

    Hydro-Economic Model Webinar

    Information in French / Informations en français: 


    Display Photo: 
    Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 


    Civil Society Engagement: 


    Community-Based Adaptation: Kazakhstan

    While Kazakhstan has a rapidly growing economy, farmers and pastoralists outside of the main urban centers face significant climate change risks to their livelihoods stemming from increased aridity. A combination of rising temperatures, declining average rainfall, and regional deglaciation threaten to cause:

    • Increased drought risk in rainfed farmlands
    • Increased salinization risk in irrigated farmlands
    • Increased erosion risks in both farmlands and rangelands
    • Declining rangeland water resources, leading to overstocking and erosion around remaining water resources
    • Decreased habitat for native fauna

    Community-Based Adaptation in Kazakhstan will work with communities to integrate climate change concerns into sustainable rangeland and agricultural management practices, and work with local water managers to integrate climate change concerns into irrigation regimes for climate-resilient and sustainable agriculture. Activities will be guided by the Kazakhstan CBA Country Programme Strategy.

    The Government of Switzerland co-finances six of the CBA projects in Kazakhstan that focus on land degradation and water scarcity. The partnership began in November 2009.

    The CBA Kazakhstan portfolio consists of ten (10) projects:

    1. Reducing Vulnerability to Declining Water Supplies in Burevestnik

    2. Forest Protection Belts to Combat Increasing Aridity in Shyrkyn Village

    3. Sustainable Water and Land Management in South Kazakhstan Under Increased Aridity

    4. Demonstrating Adaptive Land Management in Priozernoye

    5. Climate-Resilient Horse Production in Kargaly Village

    6. Climate-Resilient Pasture and Livestock Management in Zhangeldy Village

    7. Adaptation to Increased Aridity through Climate-Resilient Agro-Silvo-Pastoralism Using Sauxal

    8. Adapting Grazing Stock-Raising in Lepsy Village

    9. Adapting Farming Practices to Increasing Temperatures and Aridity in Akmola Oblast

    10. Autumn/Winter Irrigation as Adaptive Mechanism for Water Resources

    Kazakhstan is one of ten (10) countries implementing projects as part of UNDP's "Community-Based Adaptation" programme. *

    Photos: 
    Region/Country: 
    Level of Intervention: 
    Coordinates: 
    POINT (71.3671875 51.0699330714)
    Funding Source: 
    Financing Amount: 
    $408,890 (approximate, as detailed Aug. 2012)
    Brochures, Posters, Communications Products
    Annual Reports
    Case Study
    Adaptation Bulletin
    ProDocs
    PIFs
    Project Brief / Fact Sheet
    Assessments and Background Documents
    Co-Financing Total: 
    $463,000 (approximate, as detailed Aug. 2012)
    Project Details: 

    Kazakhstan is a semiarid to arid country with a temperate climate, facing significant desiccation in the face of climate change, and significant exacerbation of baseline (non-climate) pressures.  Kazakhstan’s national communications to the UNFCCC indicate that climate change scenarios for Kazakhstan project an increase in average temperature (approximately +1.4 by 2030 to +4.6 by 2085), and northward migration of humidity zones by as much as 450km.  This increasing aridity threatens to significantly decrease the resilience of Kazakhstan’s ecosystems to land degradation pressures, constituting both a considerable threat to the natural environment, as well as to national development and poverty alleviation targets.

    Climate change impacts are expected to exacerbate existing land degradation pressures, by reducing ecosystem resilience to non-climate drivers of land degradation, while also contributing towards land degradation directly through desiccation and increased wind and water erosion (see section d, “baseline-additionally reasoning”).  Land degradation already had significant adverse impact on rural communities, whose livelihoods are dependant on agriculture and livestock production. Climate change will increase the severity and geographic extent of land degradation pressures, threatening these livelihoods further (INC 2008).    

    The UNDP Community Based Adaptation (CBA) Programme in Kazakhstan will work to reduce the climate change-induced risks on Kazakhstan’s land resources, by developing local capacity and introducing new techniques for climate-resilient sustainable land management. This will be achieved by implementing 8 to 12 demonstration projects that will enhance community and/or ecosystem resilience to climate change impacts.  These projects will also contribute towards securing climate change resilient global environmental benefits (GEB), focusing on sustainable land management. Lessons from projects on best practices will be shared for replication by national development institutions such as the 'Kazyna' Sustainable Development Fund, Small Businesses Support Fund, as well as others within and outside of Kazakhstan.

    The CBA programme draws on priority adaptation-related identified through ongoing work on Kazakhstan’s Second National Communication and other climate change-related programmes, enabling access to climate change and adaptation information as well as policy processes, particularly within the agricultural sector. The Programme will be implemented in Kazakhstan by UNDP using the mechanism of the UNDP/Global Environment Facility’s Small Grants Programme (UNDP-GEF/SGP).  The work will be conducted in alignment with the GEF/SGP country programme and in accordance with the UNDP’s corporate guidelines on climate change adaptation. The CBA projects will be singled out as an individual project portfolio independent of the GEF/SGP regular grant portfolio with implications for independent and separate co-financing requirements.

    Objectives and Impact Indicators

    The objective of the CBA programme in Kazakhstan is to implement the principles of sustainable community management of natural resources in the face of climate change.

    To assess the achievement of the above objective, the following four UNDP Climate Change Adaptation indicators (TA6) will be measured:

    • Number of measures (implemented methodologies/ approaches) deployed as part of climate change resilient sustainable resource management activities;
    • Success of sustainable resource management interventions in securing livelihoods and protecting resources (QBS);
    • Number of stakeholders (e.g. families/households) benefiting from climate change resilient sustainable resource management activities;
    • Number of local and national SLM programmes/policies that are revised to reflect lessons learnt/ best practices from the CBA programme.
    Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

    The objective of the CBA programme in Kazakhstan is to implement the principles of sustainable community management of natural resources in the face of climate change.

    To assess the achievement of the above objective, the following four UNDP Climate Change Adaptation indicators (TA6) will be measured:

    • Number of measures (implemented methodologies/ approaches) deployed as part of climate change resilient sustainable resource management activities;
    • Success of sustainable resource management interventions in securing livelihoods and protecting resources (QBS);
    • Number of stakeholders (e.g. families/households) benefiting from climate change resilient sustainable resource management activities;
    • Number of local and national SLM programmes/policies that are revised to reflect lessons learnt/ best practices from the CBA programme.
    Monitoring & Evaluation: 

    Monitoring and evaluation for community-based adaptation is a new field, and the CBA project is piloting innovative approaches to evaluating the success of locally-driven adaptation projects, and generating lessons to inform ongoing practice.

    Key considerations in M&E for CBA include:

    • Grounding M&E in the local context: M&E for CBA should avoid overly rigid frameworks, recognizing community heterogeneity and maintaining local relevance
    • Capturing global lessons from local projects: CBA projects are highly contextualized, but lessons generated should be relevant to stakeholders globally
    • Incorporation of both quantitative and qualitative indicators: to ground projects in tangible changes that can be objectively evaluated, and to capture lessons and case studies for global dissemination

    To these ends, the CBA project uses three indicator systems: the Vulnerability Reduction Assessment, the Small Grants Programme Impact Assessment System, and the UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Indicator Framework.

    The Vulnerability Reduction Assessment (VRA)

    The VRA is a question-based approach with the following aims:

    • To make M&E responsive to community priorities
    • To use M&E to make projects more accountable to local priorities
    • To make M&E capture community ideas and local knowledge
    • To gather community-level feedback to guide ongoing project management
    • To generate qualitative information
    • To capture lessons on specific issues within community-based adaptation
    • To generate case studies highlighting adaptation projects

    The VRA follows UNDP's Adaptation Policy Framework, and is measured in a series of meetings with local community stakeholders. In these meetings, locally-tailored questions based on standard VRA questions/indicators are posed, and the community assigns a numerical score on a 1-10 scale for each question. Progress is evaluated through changes in scores over the course of implementation, as well as through qualitative data collected in community discussions surrounding the exercise.

    UNDP has developed a Users Guide to the VRA (Espanol) (Francais) as a tool to assist practitioners to conceptualize and execute VRA measurements in the context of CBA projects.

    The SGP Impact Assessment System (IAS)

    The CBA, being a project of the GEF Strategic Priority on Adaptation, aims to increase the resilience of ecosystems and communities to the impacts of climate change, generating global environmental benefits, and increasing their resilience in the face of climate change impacts. To this end, the CBA projects use the SGP's impact assessment system for monitoring achievements in GEF focal areas (focusing primarily on biodiversity and sustainable land management).

    The IAS is composed of a number of quantitative indicators which track biophysical ecosystem indicators, as well as policy impact, capacity development and awareness-building.

    UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Indicator Framework

    CBA projects also track quantitative indicators from UNDP's adaptation indicator framework, corresponding to the thematic area on natural resources management. More information on UNDP's indicator framework can be found on the UNDP climate change adaptation monitoring and evaluation website.

     

    This description applies to all projects implemented through UNDP's Community-Based Adaptation programme. Specific details on this project's M&E will be included here as they become available. *

    Contacts: 
    UNDP
    CBA Project Management Unit
    GEF Small Grants Programme
    Ms. Katerina Yushenko
    National Coordinator (Kazakhstan)
    Funding Source Short Code: 
    SPA