Philippines

Introduction

Constituting 32 percent of the labour force and 11.3 percent of GDP, the agricultural sector plays an important role in the the Philippines’ economy.  Farming and fisheries are the most important subsectors with livestock and forestry making smaller contributions. All are being affected by floods, typhoons, landslides, and droughts that are induced and intensified by climate change.

 

Approximately 60 percent of the country’s 1,500 municipalities and 120 cities are coastal, exacerbating the impacts of the already significant threats of rainfall variability, storm surges, and sea level rise. Due to its high vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, the Philippines is at the forefront of climate change adaptation and is seeking to generate more public and private investment in agricultural infrastructure.

Project Details

Adaptation policies

Prior to the inception of the NAP-Ag Programme in the Philippines, a number of national initiatives to increase resilience to climate change were already underway. The Climate Change Commission (CCC) formulated a National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP), which is now informing the NAP activities, and serves as the NAP itself. The NCCAP is being updated and the revised version should be available in 2018.
 
The Philippines is also welcoming the NAP-Ag to fill in the gaps in its national programme on Adaptation and Mitigation in Agriculture (AMIA), specifically in increasing access to external climate finance. The AMIA is already making progress towards mainstreaming climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction into national plans.
 

NAP-Ag activities

Since 2016, NAP-Ag support in the Philippines has been aimed at deepening a number of priority areas: greater integration of CCA and DRR into agriculture sector plans and operations; enhanced understanding on landscape-based adaptation planning; better integration of national and local adaptation planning for the agriculture sectors; improved forecasting for crops and fisheries; and improved capacity for prioritizing, monitoring and evaluating gender-sensitive adaptation options for the agriculture sectors.
 
The objective of this study was to better understand how much the countries were allocating to climate change through their national expenditures.
 
Contribute to the revision of the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Plan   
NAP-Ag contributed to the ambitious revision to ensure that climate change adaptation, disaster risk management and gender-sensitive adaptation planning are adequately reflected.
 
Guidelines for landscape-based integrated area development planning 
The NAP-Ag supported the development of these guidelines to enhance the capacities of regional and provincial agricultural technical officers, universities and colleges in watershed-based integrated area development planning.
 
Key Collaborators: 
Implementing Agencies & Partnering Organizations: 
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Project Status: 
Under Implementation

Country Initiatives

Supporting Nepal to advance their NAP Process

Mountain Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Nepal

The Harpan Watershed, Panchase in Nepal lies in the mid-hills of Nepal and consists of valleys, hills and the high mountains of the Himalayas. The economy of the Panchase is largely subsistence, based on crop production and livestock. There is high climatic variation due to changes in altitude and an average rainfall of 3, 355mm. The selected project site, the Harpan watershed, is about 15 km² with sub-tropical to temperate climate. There are about 900 households with a population of 4,598.

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Nepal

Small scale subsistence agriculture employs 78 percent of Nepal’s workforce, with the agriculture sector as a whole contributing to 34.3 percent of national GDP. These farmers are increasingly exposed to climate change induced risks, such as more frequent droughts and floods. In areas of high elevation, climate change, furthermore, intensifies snow and ice cap melting processes, which  increases the risk of  glacial lake outburst floods.

Reports and Publications

Reports and Publications by country teams