National/Sub-national/community planning and budgeting

The enhanced capacity of national hydro-meteorological services (NHMS) and related environmental institutions to monitor extreme weather and climate change is an essential factor in adapting to changing conditions. Projects within this Signature Programme are already enhancing the capacity for risk-responsive planning and development plans at variousgoverning levels.

Supporting the national, sub-national and community planning and budgeting projects with climate-related information supports long-term development while responding to priorities and actions identified in national adaptation plans. The efficient and effective use of climate-related information is essential to helping institutions build capacity to service needs across various sectors, including land-use planning, agricultural, and power generation.

Furthermore, these capacities will increase the ability of the national early warning network to forewarn of extreme climate events, strengthening both national and district capacities to complement other disaster preparedness systems that will ultimately help the most vulnerable populations. The goal is to have climate change information permeate the entire decision-making process. All components of an implemented EWS shoulde ventually be able to function as an integrated system within—and sometimes between—countries.

Projects

Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change in the Water Sector in Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde is highly vulnerable to climate change and possesses a low capacity to adapt without outside assitance. Four sectors are particularly vulnerable to climate change: water, agriculture, forestry, and coastal development. Increased water salinization and drought resulting from climate change has been identified as the greatest constraint on the future prospects of economic development in Cabo Verde. Climate induced changes have so far resulted in seasonal water shortages at an increasing number of economically important sites and year round shortages at others.

Climate Change Resilient Productive Landscapes in Guatemala

Guatemala faces many hazards related to climate variability and climate change. Projections and scenarios indicate increases in temperature, decreases in total mean precipitation, increases in the frequency of extreme precipitation events, as well as in the frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events.

Reducing Glacier Lake Outburst Flood Risks in Northern Pakistan

The Himalayan Karakorum Hindukush (HKH) Mountain region contains the second largest glacier in the world and acts as the main source for river systems in the area. However, it is also prone to climate-related hazards such as floods, avalanches and landslides, which occur annually and can cause significant human and material losses. Rapid glacial melt due to climate change is causing increased water flow into glacier lakes, threatening the prospect of Glacier Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs).

Enhancing Adaptive Capacity of Communities in Papua New Guinea

In Papua New Guinea’s North Coast and Islands regions, coastal flooding is the most important climate change-related hazard. It threatens both coastal populations and important economic centers, including provincial capitals and economic. In the hinterland areas, climate change-related inland flooding is the most pressing hazard with the largest potential for widespread damage. The lack of water impoundments and/or water reticulation schemes serves to increase the vulnerability of the largely agrarian communities.

Integrating climate change risk management in Azerbaijan

This project, "Integrating climate change risk management by vulnerable communities in the Greater Caucasus region of Azerbaijan", aims to reduce vulnerability of the mountain communities of the Greater Caucasus region of Azerbaijan to climate change induced water stress and flood hazards by improved water and flood management.

Promoting Autonomous Adaptation at the Community Level in Ethiopia

Climate change is already affecting the security of Ethiopia's sustainable development because the livelihoods of the majority of the population are sensitive to climate-related shocks, including drought and flooding. This is due, in part, to the reliance of the economy on rainfed agricultural production.

Integrating Climate Change Risks into Resilient Island Planning in the Maldives

As a Small Island Developing State, Maldives' population and infrastructure are highly exposed to flooding and coastal erosion. In response, this UNDP-GEF project enables the country to assess the costs and benefits of different adaptation strategies and develop capacities in land use planning and coastal protection.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Uganda

This project, "Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Uganda to support climate resilient development", responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Uganda which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes. The technologies required to achieve these aims will increase the capacity of the national early warning network to forewarn and rapidly respond to extreme climate events.

Strengthening the resilience of post-conflict recovery and development to climate change risks in Sri Lanka

The project's key objective is increase the resilience of communities to climate change-induced hazards through integration of climate-smart policies and actions into development planning and budgeting, including in the reconstruction and rehabilitation programmes in the Northern Province and Eastern Province.

Addressing the Risks of Climate Induced Disasters in Bhutan through Enhanced National and Local Capacity for Effective Actions

The current NAPA II project, Addressing the Risk of Climate-Induced Disasters through Enhanced National and Local Capacity in Bhutan,  will address urgent and immediate climate change adaptation needs and leverage co-financing resources from national government, bilateral and other multilateral sources, and the private sector.  The project is working to “enhance national, local and community capacity to prepare for and respond to climate induced multi-hazards to reduce potential losses of human lives, national economic infrastructure, livelihood and livelihood asse

Strengthening Liberia's Climate Information and Services to Enhance Climate Resilient Development and Adaptation

This project responds to priorities and actions identified in the Liberia's NAPA which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes. The technologies required to achieve these aims will increase the capacity of the national early warning network to forewarn and rapidly respond to extreme climate events. 

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Burkina Faso

The project, "Strengthening Climate Information and EWS in Western and Central Africa: Burkina Faso", responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Burkina Faso which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes. The technologies required to achieve these aims will increase the capacity of the national early warning network to forewarn and rapidly respond to extreme climate events. 

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in São Tomé and Príncipe

In response to adaptation technology needs addressed in the NAPA of São Tomé and Príncipe, this project aims at helping this Small Island Developing State (SIDS) secure and transfer critical Early Warning Systems (EWSs) technologies. Expected impacts include benefits for the poor excluded from large protective infrastructure project, and long term planning for land use, agricultural planning and hydro electricity.

Integrating Climate Change Risks into the Agriculture and Health Sectors in Samoa

Increasing evidence of climate risks confronts Samoa with decreasing agricultural productivity and climate related water-borne diseases. This project aims to enhance the technical capabilities of the Samoa Meteorological Division, improve capacity for agricultural planning and public health in this Small Island Developing State (SIDS).

Increasing Climate-resilience in Rwanda through EWS, Disaster Preparedness & Integrated Watershed Management

The Gishwati ecosystems of the Nile-Congo crest watersheds in North-Western Rwanda are increasingly vulnerable. In 2007, heavy flooding occurred, taking the lives of dozens of people and displacing hundreds of families from Gishwati Forest to Nyabihu District. Climate change, overpopulation and inadequate disaster preparedness compound the risk of future floods and landslides, putting the lives of the 280,210 inhabitants of the district in peril. 

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Ethiopia

The project, "Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Ethiopia to Support Climate Resilient Development", responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Ethiopia which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Zambia

This project, "Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Zambia to support climate resilient development", responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Zambia which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes. The technologies required to achieve these aims will increase the capacity of the national early warning network to forewarn and rapidly respond to extreme climate events.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Sierra Leone

The project, "Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems for Climate Resilient Development and Adaptation in Sierra Leone", responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Sierra Leone which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes.

Climate Risk Finance for Rain-fed Farming in Sudan

A country housing the largest number of displaced population, Sudan faces additional stress as a result of climate change. In particular, the increasingly unreliable nature of rainfall, together with its concentration into short growing seasons, heightens the vulnerability of Sudan’s rain-fed agricultural systems.

Implementing adaptation priorities through national development plans in Malawi

Extreme weather events have adversely impacted Malawi’s food security, water security, energy supply, infrastructure, human health and the sustainable livelihoods of family households. Further, the unsustainable use of natural resource costs Malawi USD191 million or 5.3% of GDP every year with the resulting forest cover in the country decreasing from 41% in 1990 to 35% in 2008.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems to Support Climate-Resilient Development in Cambodia

The project seeks to include climate change considerations in short and long term planning processes, sectoral planning and other decision-making processes. Data generated through installed hardware, along with risk mapping and forecasted data will be made available to specifically benefit agriculture and water management sectors in their planning processes.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems for Climate Resilient Development & Adaptation in Tanzania

This project will initiate Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) frameworks in the Pangani River Basin of Northern Tanzania. These frameworks will address climate change and pilot adaptation measures. It is one of the first field-based climate change preparation projects in Eastern Africa with strong links to basin and national planning and policy, and as such will build national and regional capacity, provide lessons and serve as a national and regional demonstration site.

Source: Tanzania Project Document (PIMS: 3308)