Climate Change Resilient Productive Landscapes in Guatemala

Project Overview

Guatemala faces many hazards related to climate variability and climate change. Projections and scenarios indicate increases in temperature, decreases in total mean precipitation, increases in the frequency of extreme precipitation events, as well as in the frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events.

This project aims to increase climate resilience in productive landscapes and socio-economic systems in pilot municipalities that are threatened by climate change and climatic variability impacts, in particular hydro-meteorological events that are increasing in frequency and intensity. It will achieve this through a suite of key outcomes that range from enhancing institutional capabilities, supporting more resilient local economies, and increasing communities’ adaptive capacity.

Project Details

Levels of Intervention

Municipality

Source of Funds

The Adaptation Fund

Key Implementers

National Governments

Funding Amounts

$5,500,000 (requested and endorsed as of 2010-09-17)
N/A

Project Partners

Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN), Government of Guatemala
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Adaptation Fund

Introduction

Guatemala faces many hazards related to climate variability and climate change. Projections and scenarios indicate increases in temperature, decreases in total mean precipitation, increases in the frequency of extreme precipitation events, as well as in the frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events.

This project aims to increase climate resilience in productive landscapes and socio-economic systems in pilot municipalities that are threatened by climate change and climatic variability impacts, in particular hydro-meteorological events that are increasing in frequency and intensity. It will achieve this through a suite of key outcomes that range from enhancing institutional capabilities, supporting more resilient local economies, and increasing communities’ adaptive capacity.

Project Details

Climate change scenarios for Guatemalans’ south-western region indicates a progressive warming, where maximum and minimum temperatures tend to increase in all scenarios (from 0.8 to 1.5 C °), while precipitation tends to decrease in the beginning of wet season; October tends to be the wettest month. In the mountainous area of the pilot municipalities, the severity index to climate change ranges from "significant changes vary throughout the year" to "outside comfort zone”.

This project seeks to increase climate resilience in productive landscapes and socio-economic systems in pilot municipalities. The Government of Guatemala selected 5 core priority municipalities (Pochuta, San Miguel Panán, Chicacao, Santa Bárbara y Río Bravo) in the departments of Suchitepéquez and Chimaltenango. Selections were made based on the following criteria: quality of life index, frequency of extreme meteorological events, location of groundwater recharge areas and percentage of indigenous population.

The major climate change threats in this area are hydro-meteorological (floods and landslides). In the Suchitepéquez and Chimaltenango departments there are 61 villages threatened by flood risk, which affects a total of 88,200 inhabitants. A total of 4,540 square km face flood risks in the Sis-Icán, Ocosito, Coyolate, Nahualate, Suchiate Samalá, Madre Vieja and Naranjo basins in the pilot area. Estimated erosion rates are equivalent to 208 tons of sediment per hectare per year. Flow rate studies in these basins show an increase in average flow rates in May (beginning of the rainy season), with increases of 89% to 141% over historical averages.

This project aims to reduce vulnerability to climate change and climate variability through an integrated strategy that addresses specific requirements at all levels. At a systemic level, it will mainstream climate change considerations into key policy frameworks that will in turn be vehicles for incorporating these factors into sectoral planning, programming and investment decisions. Moreover, by working through the new Development Plans and the emerging Land Use regime, the project will influence and strengthen decision making processes at all levels, from national to local and community levels. This will be complemented by targeted work in pilot municipalities that are among the most vulnerable in the country, with a population that is largely poor and indigenous. Project activities will not only focus on enhancing ecosystem integrity and resilience, but also on strengthening the productive practices and socio-economic context of these communities. In the selected pilot municipalities, climate resilient productive practices will be promoted, an effort that will be complemented by the development of more resilient local economies and value chains as well as more robust community organizational structures.

It is recognized that merely addressing one aspect of the complex prism that constitutes climate-resilient development is neither cost-effective nor able to set in place the changes that are required to address long-term climate change challenges. A framework for replication and upscaling will be advanced through the establishment of an enabling environment at the national level, which will include strengthened capacity to assess climate change impacts and to apply relevant tools, along with a dynamic information system structured around a network of sub-national centers of experience.

Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Farmers; Vulnerable Populations in 12 prioritized municipalities: 7 of the department of Sololá: Santa Catarina Ixtahuacán, Nahualá, Santa Clara La Laguna, Santa Maria Visitation, San Juan La Laguna, Santiago Atitlán and San Pedro La Laguna. 5 of the department of Suchitepéquez: Santo Tomas the Union, San Antonio Suchitepéquez, San Pablo Jocopilas, Chicacao and Santa Bárbara.
Implementing Agencies & Partnering Organizations: 
Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN), Government of Guatemala
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Adaptation Fund
Project Status: 
Under Implementation
Location: 
Rural
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$5,500,000 (requested and endorsed as of 2010-09-17)
Co-Financing Total: 
N/A

Key Results and Outputs

Component 1: Capacities and tools developed that enhance national and local capabilities for climate change adaptation

Develop improved climate information systems to allow local and national levels to mainstream climate change issues into development and land use plans. Develop new and innovative financial mechanisms to support adaptation processes and initiatives.

Component 2: Recovery and development of climate change resilient practices that reduce vulnerability of communities

Undertake vulnerability analysis in pilot areas and identify ancestral and traditional practices for risk management (e.g. terracing, reservoirs, clay jars for watering crops). Adopt climate change-resilient productive practices, invest in facilities for increased community coping capacity, and produce manuals on practices that reduce vulnerability.

Component 3: Improve food security and livelihood options

Incorporate climate change aspects into the marketing of community products and strenghten accompanying social networks. Develop financing schemes, including insurance, for most vulnerable populations (indigenous and women).

Component 4: Support informed decision-making and advocacy through decentralized information systems

Build on existing centers of expertise to develop an information system, including an awareness programme and lessons learned, to inform the development of technical standards for implementing adaptation proposals.

Reports and Publications

Multimedia

Proyecto Paisajes Productivos Resilientes al Cambio Climático - Versión Larga

Vídeo documental del Proyecto ¨Paisajes Productivos Resilientes al Cambio Climático y Redes Socioeconómicas Fortalecidas en Guatemala¨ Iniciativa apoyada mediante una donación del Fondo de Adaptación (FA), la cual ejecuta en Guatemala el Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARN) con el apoyo del Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) como agencia implementadora. Leer más.

Supporting Productive Landscapes in Guatemala - Extended Learning

The Productive Landscapes Resilient to Climate Change and Strengthened Socioeconomic Networks in Guatemala project aims to increase climate resilience in productive landscapes and socio-economic systems in pilot municipalities that are threatened by climate change and climatic variability impacts, in particular hydro-meteorological events that are increasing in frequency and intensity. It will achieve this through a suite of key outcomes that range from enhancing institutional capabilities, supporting more resilient local economies, and increasing communities’ adaptive capacity.

Cocoa is my business

Honey: an alternative to community development

It's never too late to change

Our family's livelihood

In favor of the forest

A favor de los bosques

El Sistema de Prevención y Control de Incendios Forestales de Guatemala – SIPECIF – estima que más del 90% de los incendios forestales son provocados por el ser humano.

La pérdida de biodiversidad causada por incendios forestales, aumenta la vulnerabilidad de las comunidades ante los efectos del cambio climático.

El cacao es mi negocio

El Municipio de San Antonio Suchitepéquez fue uno de los mayores productores de cacao en Guatemala durante la primero mitad del siglo XX.

En las últimas décadas las grandes extensiones de cacao que existían han desaparecido por monocultivos industriales tales como la caña y el hule, así como también por la ganadería extensiva, causando de esta manera la destrucción de los ecosistemas naturales de la región.

La miel: una alternativa al desarrollo comunitario

El cultivo del café ha sido tradicionalmente la principal fuente de ingresos económicos para los pobladores de la parte media de la cuenca del río Nahualate. En los últimos años, el cambio climático ha afectado a la zona cafetalera de Guatemala con la enfermedad de la roya del café (Hemileia vastatrix), causando grandes pérdidas económicas y obligando a los pequeños caficultores a buscar otras alternativas productivas que les permitan estabilizar sus ingresos.

Nunca es tarde para cambiar

El crecimiento poblacional que se ha dado en las últimas décadas en Guatemala y los efectos del cambio climático, ha presionado el uso de los recursos naturales, como los bosques y el agua.

El sustento de nuestras familias

En Guatemala se estima que 1 de cada 2 niños sufre de desnutrición. El Municipio de Santa Catarina Ixtahuacán en el Departamento de Sololá es uno de los municipios con las tasas más altas de desnutrición crónica en el país (Censo Nacional de Talla 2015, SESAN).

El crecimiento poblacional y la variabilidad climática, son dos factores que han impactado negativamente el acceso al uso de los recursos naturales en la parte alta de la cuenca del Río Nahualate, aumentando la inseguridad alimentaria de las familias.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Project monitoring and evaluation (M&E) will be in accordance with established UNDP procedures and will be carried out by the Project team and the UNDP Country Office. The Results Framework will define execution indicators for project implementation as well as the respective means of verification. Monitoring and evaluating system for the project will be established based on these indicators and means of verification. It is important to note that the Results Framework, together with the impact indicators and means of verification, will be fine-tuned during project formulation.

An inception workshop and accompanying report will be completed within the first two months of project start-up. A Measurement of Mean of verification for Project Purpose Indicators will be completed by the Project Coordinator at the start, middle, and end of the project. Monthly and annual reports will be completed by the project team, the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN), and the UNDP Country Office. Mid-term and Final evaluations will be completed by the project team, the Country Office, and external consultants.

Contacts

UNDP
Gabor Vereczi
Regional Technical Advisor
Government of Guatemala
Minister Sydney Alexander Samuels Milson
Minister of Environment and Natural Resources