Supporting Comoros to advance their NAP process

Introduction

Recent updates on the Comoros NAP process:

 

  • Government counterparts from Comoros met the NAP-GSP team during COP 21 and requested ongoing support from NAP-GSP to implement the NAP process. In this meeting, the NAP-GSP team highlighted the types of technical support provided, the various avenues for funding from the GCF, LDCF and SCCF in particular and discussed the launch of the non-LDCs NAP support.
  • ​With NAP-GSP support, a stocktaking report that assesses policy and institutional entry points for the NAP process has been drafted and is being discussed by the Government. This report builds on the consultations undertaken in September 2014 and presents a basic analysis of the institutional framework for the NAP, ongoing climate-related initiatives, a SWOT and stakeholder analysis as well as priority interventions to support adaptation planning in the Comoros. The report is also comprised of project fiches in these priority intervention areas which can support the country’s fund mobilization for national adaptation planning. 
  • The NAP process in Comoros was officially launched on 23 September 2014 by the Minister of Environment of the Comoros.
  • This was followed by a three-day NAP Orientation Workshop from 23 to 25 September 2014. The objective of the workshop was to enhance the understanding of the NAP process among national stakeholders, including the Ministries of Environment, Planning and Finance and key sectoral ministries, as well as national NGOs and other partners.

> Comoros NAP Stocktaking Report (French version) - English version coming soon
> More on NAP launch and workshop in Comoros 

 

  • During the workshop, key stakeholders made presentations on the context of the NAP in Comoros and presented relevant activities, initiatives and findings. Specific technical presentations were delivered by NAP-GSP collaborating partners GIZ on vulnerability assessments and M&E, and by UNDP on appraising adaptation options and climate scenarios.
  • The participants were also trained on the UNFCCC/LEG Technical Guidelines and discussed their implementation in working groups.
  • On the last day of the workshop, the participants gathered in working groups to draft a roadmap for the NAP process in the country.
  • The workshop was supported by the UNDP Country Office.
  • Preliminary stock-taking of relevant initiatives and gap analysis were also conducted during the mission, to assist in the drafting of a NAP roadmap.
  • Through in-country consultations, the  NAP-GSP team identified several needs to advance the next steps of the NAP process. These include:
    • Developing a centralised information system;
    • Support to strengthen the coordination and synergy among country institutions as well as among technical and financial partners, and between the national and islands levels;
    • Building capacities both at institutional and individual level and both technical and functional skills, particularly in climate adaptation mainstreaming and funding mobilization, both internal (with support to CCA budgeting) and external (new project development);
    • Requirement for urther sensitisation activities to strengthen ownership of the NAP process ownership by a wide range of stakeholders.  

Previous NAP-related activities and updates

  • The Government of Comoros designated Ismael Bachirou, Directeur Général de l'Environnement et des Forêts (DGEF), Govt. of Comoros (GoC), as the national NAP focal point in January 2014.
  • NAP-GSP held a telecom in January 2014 with Ismael Bachirou and the UNDP CO to discuss NAP support to Comoros.
  • 3 representatives of the Government of Comoros attended the NAP-GSP Africa Regional Training workshop (Francophone) in April 2014. At the training event, a meeting was held with the NAP-GSP team to follow-up on the telecom in January and further discuss specific support required.

NAP - experiences in climate change adaptation planning / PNA - expérience en adaptation au changement climatique

Presentation by the Government of Comoros at the NAP-GSP / PAG-PNA Africa Regional Training Workshop in April 2014 / Présenté par la délégation du gouvernement du Comoros à la Atelier régional de formation en Afrique Organisé par le PAG-PNA - Addis Abeba, Ethiopie, 21-24 avril 2014.

> More NAP-GSP countries / En savoir plus sur les pays PAG-PNA

Project Details

NAP - experiences in climate change adaptation planning / PNA - expérience en adaptation au changement climatique

Presentation by the Government of Comoros at the NAP-GSP / PAG-PNA Africa Regional Training Workshop in April 2014 / Présenté par la délégation du gouvernement du Comoros à la Atelier régional de formation en Afrique Organisé par le PAG-PNA - Addis Abeba, Ethiopie, 21-24 avril 2014.

> More NAP-GSP countries / En savoir plus sur les pays PAG-PNA

Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Project Status: 
Under Implementation
Funding Source: 

News

Moroni, Comoros, Wednesday, Sept. 24, 2014: On Tuesday 23 September 2014, the Minister of Environment of the Government of Comoros launched the climate change National Adaptation Plan process in Comoros. This plan is crucial in Comoros, since the country is increasingly experiencing the effect of climate extremes, including heavy rains and disastrous floods.

[Version française est en dessous: Please scroll down the page for French version]

The launch of the National Adaptation Process was followed by a three-day workshop in Moroni, bringing together approximately 60 international and national experts to focus on climate change adaptation requirements in Comoros. The goal is to advance the process of developing a National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (NAP) in Comoros. The launch and the worshop were supported by UNDP/UNEP NAP-GSP, the UNDP Country Office in Comoros, and GIZ. The NAP launch in Comoros was extensively covered in national media.
[To read coverage, please click on the newpaper images below.] 

"Climate change is an issue which affects many key development sectors in Comoros - including infrastructure, public health and agriculture," said Ismael Bachirou, Ministry of Environment and Forests.

"Climate change adaptation is a complex challenge, but it is crucial to ongoing sustainable development in Comoros," said Abdou Madi Nassur, Minister of Production, Energy and Environment.

The results of the Second National Communication indicate that Comoros is extremely vulnerable to climate change due to decreasing rainfall, an increase in mean annual temperature, the increase in the frequency and intensity of cyclones and tropical storms, as well as rising sea levels.

"Comoros is vulnerable to significant natural disasters," warned Nassur. "The likely immediate consequences of the changing climate are a reduction of water resources and a deterioration of agricultural productivity from 3 to 4%, due to the necessity for reliable precipitation. In addition, we are experiencing frequent floods, such as those seen in April 2012 which affected more than 11% of the national population, causing extensive loss of life and property damage worth millions of dollars."

"Climate change is a threat today because it is fundamentally altering our lives and livelihoods. The rapidity of these changes poses a threat to the ability of ecosystems and human communities to cope. In addition, we are seeing environmental damage due to human intervention, including a significant loss of biodiversity and natural resources, depleting fish stocks and rivers drying up. These combined effects mean that our country is becoming increasingly vulnerable and fragile ecologically, socially and economically."

Nassur concluded with a call to action. "We must initiate a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) policy which will advance our ability to adapt to climate threats and natural disasters. This will help us to avoid the worst effects, especially in key development sectors such as health, energy, tourism, biodiversity, fisheries, agriculture, water, forests, infrastructure, coastal and marine ecosystems. As part of the NAP process we will draw on past experiences, and utilise a participatory approach involving all stakeholders. The process must be in accordance with the reality in Comoros. This will be a country-driven process, addressing our unique needs."

> Comoros NAP Stocktaking Report (French version) English version coming soon
More on NAP in Comoros
> Vew media coverage of NAP launch in Comoros
> More NAP-GSP news


Elaboration d’un plan national d’adaptation aux changements climatiques

Moroni, mercredi 24 septembre 2014  – Le ministre de l’Environnement a lancé hier mardi, le processus de l’élaboration du plan national d’adaptation aux changements climatiques en Union des Comores. Un plan qui vient à point nommé puisque le pays fait face ces dernières années, à de fortes pluies provoquant parfois des inondations.

Le changement climatique est au menu d’un atelier de trois jours, regroupant des experts étrangers et des spécialistes locaux dans le domaine de l’environnement. Une rencontre qui doit se pencher sur l’élaboration du plan national d’adaptation aux changements climatiques du pays. « Un phénomène transversal » selon Ismael Bachirou, directeur général de l’Environnement et des forêts, qui touche aussi bien les infrastructures, la santé que  l’agriculture.

A entendre Abdou Nassur Madi, ministre de la production, de l’énergie et de l’environnement, ce processus est complexe « mais ô combien pertinent pour le développement durable » des Comores. Les résultats issus de la seconde communication nationale révèlent que le pays est fragile et vulnérable à plusieurs égards, notamment par rapport à la diminution progressive des précipitations et l’augmentation de la moyenne annuelle des températures, de la fréquence et de l’intensité des cyclones, des tempêtes tropicales, de l’élévation du niveau de l’océan et des phénomènes géophysiques fréquents.

Face à ces menaces, les Comores risquent des « catastrophes naturelles et écologiques assez importantes et dont personne ne peut en évaluer le risque», alerte le ministre de l’Environnement. Selon lui, les « conséquences immédiates les plus ressenties sont donc une diminution des ressources en eau et une détérioration de la croissance agricole, passant de 3 à 4% dans les années 80 à des valeurs négatives ou nulles à la fin des années 90, en raison de la dépendance de l’agriculture à des précipitations ». Et d’ajouter, «d’autres évènements encore plus douloureux sont les inondations devenues plus fréquentes telles que celles d’avril 2012 qui ont affecté plus de 11% de la population nationale, avec des pertes humaines et des dégâts matériels évalués à plusieurs millions de dollars américains ». 

« Le changement climatique constitue une menace aujourd’hui parce qu’il est source de modification des conditions de vie et de production et que cette évaluation est trop rapide et pose des problèmes pour l’aptitude de écosystèmes et des communautés humaines à y faire face (…) en outre, les pratique actuelles de la population entrainent une diminution importante de la biodiversité et de ses ressources naturelles, notamment halieutiques et tarissement des rivières. Cela rend le pays particulièrement vulnérable et fragile écologiquement, socialement et économiquement ». 

Le ministre suggère une politique d’adaptation face aux menaces et aux catastrophes  naturelles pour « éviter le pire, notamment dans les secteurs de développement clés comme la santé, l’énergie, le tourisme, la biodiversité, la pêche, l’agriculture, l’eau, les forêts, les infrastructures, la zone côtière et l’écosystème marin ». Il attend par ailleurs des résultats de ce processus de l’élaboration du plan national dont il tire les leçons du passé, et dit s’inscrire dans une démarche participative intégrant tous les acteurs. Il évite surtout d’imposer les modèles de l’extérieur dont l’application est parfois « non conforme à la réalité du pays ».

> More on NAP in Comoros
> Vew media coverage of NAP launch in Comoros
> More NAP-GSP news

Programme Meetings and Workshops

Comoros NAP Training Workshop

A National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Training Workshop took place from 23-15 September 2014 in Moroni, Comoros. The meeting was organized and led by the Government of Comoros with support from NAP-GSP, the UNDP Country Office and GWP. Additional support was provided by GIZ. The Minister of Environment of the Government of Comoros opened the workshop and launched the climate change National Adaptation Plan process in Comoros on 23 September 2014.


Created with flickr slideshow.

The three-day workshop brought together approximately 60 international and national experts to focus on climate change adaptation requirements in Comoros. The goal was to advance the process of developing a National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (NAP) in Comoros.

 

> About - Comoros NAP Training Workshop

> Media coverage of the NAP launch and workshop in Comoros

> PowerPoint Presentations

Reports and Publications

Reports and Publications of relevance to Country Teams