Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change in the Water Sector in Cabo Verde

Introduction

Cabo Verde is highly vulnerable to climate change and possesses a low capacity to adapt without outside assitance. Four sectors are particularly vulnerable to climate change: water, agriculture, forestry, and coastal development. Increased water salinization and drought resulting from climate change has been identified as the greatest constraint on the future prospects of economic development in Cabo Verde. Climate induced changes have so far resulted in seasonal water shortages at an increasing number of economically important sites and year round shortages at others. In addition, future climate variability is expected to increase, with more storms, floods, droughts, and a shorter rainy season. 

This project is designed to develop national capacity at a series of affected municipalities across Cabo Verde. The project will also demonstrate a series of climate change adaptation technologies and practices at vulnerable and affected sides. These demonstrated practices wil feed up into the capacity development process. The project, where possible, will develop and build upon traditional water management practices and technologies. Finally, the project will ensure that lessons are learned and disseminated, and that sustainable networks, platforms and information systems are operating efficiently.

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Project Details

With support of the project and co-financing partners, in three municipalities covering five hydrographical basins, adaption will have been demonstrated through project implementation. This will include the planting of important plant species to enhance critical watersheds, increasing water use efficiency through the use of new technologies, and by building effective adaptive capacities throughout.

The project involves a range of approaches including enhancement of ecosystem services to reduce climate risks in the water resource management sector, including practices like drip-irrigation, cloud harvesting, water recycling, enhanced run-off infiltration and water conservation techniques that are both infrastructural and nature-based. Moreover, this will have effectively demonstrated how to adapt in arid, rural areas in the water and related sectors. This demonstration will serve to greatly reduce risks associated with climate change in Cabo Verde while providing invaluable knowledge for future projects on the islands and elsewhere. 

Thematic Area: 
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Level of Intervention: 
Implementing Agencies & Partnering Organizations: 
Government of Cabo Verde
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Government of Canada
Project Status: 
Under Implementation
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
3,000,000.00
Co-Financing Total: 
13,570,000.00

Key Results and Outputs

  • Outcome 1: Small and medium scale climate change adaptation practices for water resource management are demonstrated and implemented in selected hydrographical basins
    • Output 1.1: Water recycling, infiltration and conservation techniques (i.e. nature-based and physical) demonstrated and implemented as climate change adaptation measures for agricultural and human use in 5 hydrographical basins
    • Output 1.2: Through a series of pilot programs in key locations prove the benefits and feasilbilty of future project expansion. Pilot programs cover three primary activities:
      • Agriculture based pilot activities in the Ribeira Seca catchment:
        • Grountwater intake
        • Terracing of agricultural land for flood control and food security
        • Improving irrigation efficency through drip irrigation
      • Land conservation pilot activites:
        • planting of fenced off wasteland with aloe, agave, congo beans, and leucanena in local subtachments in conjunction with the construction or rehabilitation of checkdams
      • Reforestation pilot activities on Santo Antão Island:
        • Perform reforestation in the upper part of the major mountain range of Planalto Leste until the entire are is covered by vegeation and mechnaical soil conservation measures
  • Outcome 2: Summary of the relevant baseline development plans and investment programmes of the public and private sector in Cape Verde focusing on the water sector

  • Outcome 3: Review and summary of the existing policy and regulatory framework relevant for water

  • Outcome 4: Review, analysis and summary of the past project related activities of other donors and private sector in adaptation and water management in Cabo Verde, and an updated report on the co-operation and co-financing possibilities in the frame of the envisaged UNDP project. This will include information disaggregated across the islands and some municipalities

  • Outcome 5: Supporting reports (climate risk assessments, economic costs/benefits of impacts and economic assessment of adaptation options) to justify the proposed project interventions and to leverage financing for the proposed activities (this may include pre-feasibility studies for pilots, draft business plans etc.)

  • Outcome 6: A Project Logical Framework that captures the indicators and verification strategies

  • Outcome 7: M&E framework for the projects that focuses on adaptation to climate change including variability. This includes a list of proposed indicators and an associated monitoring and evaluation plan (with a clear definition of how these indicators would be measured and how verification data would be collected through the monitoring programme)

  • Outcome 8: A work plan with detailed roles and responsibilities for implementation

  • Outcome 9: A stakeholder participation plan, with a clear focus on community involvement

  • Outcome 10: Endorsement letters from the government and letters confirming co-financing commitments

  • Outcome 11: Project Document and Executive Summary as per GEF and UNDP requirements including completed UNDP checklist for preparing adaptation projects

  • Outcome 12: Other reports from all project relevant stakeholder consultations

 

Contacts

UNDP
Antonio Querido
Country Officer
Ministry of Agriculture and Environment
Oumar Barry
Project Coordinator
UNDP
Yves de Soye
Regional Technical Advisor
One of the project component was the development of applied climate change adaptation research on crop varieties of high-nutrition value (yam/ orange-colored sweet potato; carrots; tomato, peppers and beets).  The aim is to select varieties that are drought resistant and performant in different season. Several trails were carried out in three distinct agro-ecological regions and the results will presented in as technological package to be disseminated among farmers in all islands. The project worked towards a more participatory approach to ensure fully appropriation of the project planned activities by the communities. In regards, all soil and water conservations interventions, such as check dams, wells and groundwater springs, water storage reservoirs and the installation of drip irrigations systems were implemented through the civil society organizations (Community based Associations). Besides the hands on the ground implementation of key project outputs, the SCOs also play an important role as members of local consultative committee that help prioritize and select the pilot projects and interventions.  In addition within each civil society organizations, the community assembly decides on the selection of the most vulnerable beneficiaries and the champions that support the dissemination of the lessons-learned.  Local farmers exposure to knowledge and information needed to appraise feasibility and benefits of adaption measures have certainly improved due to their active role in during all project phase of project implementation.
 
The university of Cabo Verde, in partnership with Warwick University  have worked to   develop a prototype of a visualization platform for analyzing and sharing lessons learned emerging from climate change adaptation projects.  The platform will be based on an integrated methodology which manages and “makes sense of” the complex data being generated through existing adaptation initiatives.  This methodology is unique in that it deals with a broad range of data types, including both structured and non-structured datasets, and provides a taxonomy built on socio-cultural concepts to organize this complex information.  To ensure sustainability and potential for scaling up of this prototype and research methodology, the strategy taken by this initiative partner with a University of Cabo Verde which provide a “home” for the methodology to further taught and strengthened for future research.  The universities provided the expertise in qualitative analytic methods for dealing with complex data in the context of interdisciplinary issues like climate change (cutting across sectors and dealing with socio-cultural issues).  The institutions also have the technological expertise around issues of visualization and data analytics and linked to a graduate degree program.