Strengthening the resilience of women producer groups and vulnerable communities in Mali

Project Overview

The Government of Mali is currently tackling development constraints which include various agricultural and rural development initiatives focusing on stimulating rural economies, improving agricultural productivity and promoting sustainable land management. This UNDP-supported "Strengthening the resilience of women producer groups and vulnerable communities in Mali" project aims to integrate climate variability into development strategies, with a special focus on food security.

The Government of Mali emphasized in the NAPA and PNCC the importance of investing on adaptation to strengthen the climate resilience of most vulnerable groups (especially women and children) at the community level. The project will focus enhancing women and producer group’s adaptive capacities to secure livelihoods production from climate impacts and increase socio-economic resilience in Malian vulnerable communes (Kayes, Koulikoro and Sikasso). The targeting of women is especially important because they are significantly involved in farming and are the main providers for the household. Women are not prominent in farmer associations and a majority lack the requisite technical skills to make the necessary adjustments – on farm, and thereby through a significant portion of the local economy – to address a changing climate.

Expected Outcomes

Outcome 1 - Sustainable climate resilient water management systems provided to vulnerable communities, including women farmers, which in turn ought to support the development of subsistence activities

Outcome 2 - Innovative approach and sustainable climate resilient technologies provided to women farmers and producers in vulnerable communes to enhance and secure the production of local livelihood systems from climate impacts

Project Details

Levels of Intervention

Community

Source of Funds

GEF-LDCF

Key Implementers

National Governments

Funding Amounts

$2,340,000
$10,622,300

Project Partners

Agency for Environment and Sustainable Development (AEDD), Ministry of Environment and Sanitation, Government of Mali
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Government of Canada

Introduction

The Government of Mali is currently tackling development constraints which include various agricultural and rural development initiatives focusing on stimulating rural economies, improving agricultural productivity and promoting sustainable land management. This UNDP-supported "Strengthening the resilience of women producer groups and vulnerable communities in Mali" project aims to integrate climate variability into development strategies, with a special focus on food security.

The Government of Mali emphasized in the NAPA and PNCC the importance of investing on adaptation to strengthen the climate resilience of most vulnerable groups (especially women and children) at the community level. The project will focus enhancing women and producer group’s adaptive capacities to secure livelihoods production from climate impacts and increase socio-economic resilience in Malian vulnerable communes (Kayes, Koulikoro and Sikasso). The targeting of women is especially important because they are significantly involved in farming and are the main providers for the household. Women are not prominent in farmer associations and a majority lack the requisite technical skills to make the necessary adjustments – on farm, and thereby through a significant portion of the local economy – to address a changing climate.

Project Details

Mali’s priorities in terms of development and global strategies are outlined in the Strategic Framework for Growth and Poverty Reduction (SFGPR 2012-2017) which focuses on 4 strategic axis: (i) Promoting sustainable growth and job creation; (ii) Equitable access to social services; and (iii) the consolidation of governance and structural reforms.

The proposed project will support economic growth of poor people in vulnerable communes by increasing the resilience of agro pastoral and fisheries production, diversifying woman incomes sources, while strengthening their capacities to respond to the increasing incidence of extreme weather events. The  project will support the implentation of the “Initiative 166 Communes.” In an effort to achieve the country’s MDGs and SDGs, the 166 Communes Initiative was launched to combat food insecurity in the 166 municipalities (communes), identified as the most vulnerable to food crises.

This initiative was executed as part of the National Food Security Programme (“Programme National de Sécurité Alimentaire” - PNSA) and stems from the Economic and Social Development Project (“Projet pour le Développement Economique et Sociale” – PDES) whose goal is to accelerate Mali’s development. The regions in which the 166 communes are located are: Tombouctou, Kidal, Gao, Mopti and Kayes and a few communes located in the regions of Koulikoro and Ségou.

Commonalities between these communes include a lack of sufficient infrastructure required to meet the MDGs, such as health and educational centers, as well as strong rural-urban migration, leaving primarily women behind without the necessary financial and material necessities to fend for themselves and their children. The total cost of the 166 Communes Initiative is US$95 million and focuses on 8 axis: (i) Agriculture and Hunger, (ii) Education , (iii) Gender, (iv) Health, (v) Energy, (vi) Water supply and Sanitation, (vii) road and transport and (viii) Environment.

The project will support this ongoing initiative by enabling Mali to enhance adaptive capacities of vulnearble groups in the context of resilience to expected climate change pressures. Climate change will limiting factor for the development of the Initiative 166 communes (in particular results that it is seeking to achieve) is no longer going to be effective without considering climate change in local development strategies. Proposed project target communes’ (Kayes, Koulikoro and Sikasso) are highly sensitive to changes in rainfall, where most households in these regions derive over 70 percent of their income from agriculture, livestock and forestry sectors, and are therefore the most vulnerable to climate change.

The barriers to increasing the resilience of Malian communes to climate change are related to the biophysical environment, the availability of financial resources and limited capacity of local communities to implement identified climate-resilient activities/practices across landscapes commune/wide capacity. The absence of coherence in perceptions of change and what needs to be done to manage uncertainties is a recipe for undermining resilience to climate change and adaptive capacity and therefore national efforts on human development. As climate change manifests and increasingly impacts the communities’ livelihood resources, regional efforts on poverty reduction is likely to be undermined and hamper the achievement and certainly the sustainability of MDG targets.

Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Primary Beneficiaries: 
2500 households living in 10 vulnerable communes including rural producers, chronically poor and vulnerable households, with a special focus on women.
Implementing Agencies & Partnering Organizations: 
Agency for Environment and Sustainable Development (AEDD), Ministry of Environment and Sanitation, Government of Mali
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Government of Canada
Project Status: 
Under Implementation
Location: 
Rural
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$2,340,000
Co-Financing Total: 
$10,622,300

Country Initiatives

Enhancing Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector in Mali

Flood Hazard and Climate Risk Management to Secure Lives and Assets in Mali

Flooding and other climate change risks have a severe impact on the people of Mali. Significant flooding events over the past 30 years have impacted over 3 million people, taking lives, destroying infrastructure, causing serious economic losses, and derailing efforts to build more resilient lives and livelihoods.

Enhancing Climate Resilience of the Vulnerable Communities and Ecosystems in Somalia

With financing from the Global Environment Facility’s (GEF) Least Developed Country Countries Fund, the Federal Government of Somalia, in partnership with UNDP, is working to bolster the resilience of vulnerable communities and ecosystems to climate change. The project is working in semi-autonomous states in Somalia: South West State, Galmudug State, Puntland, and Somaliland, which unilaterally declared itself an independent republic in 1991.

Flood Hazard and Climate Risk Management to Secure Lives and Assets in Mali

Mali National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)

Mali's NAPA is aimed at addressing the need to develop a realistically achievable country-driven program of action for adaptation to climate change in key sectors such as agriculture, forestry, water resources, coastal zone and human health. It will specifically develop a program of priority activities addressing the urgent and immediate needs and concerns of Mali, relating to the adverse effects of climate change. Mali shares with other LDCs a low adaptive capacity to respond to climate change impacts, arising from weak socio-economic conditions.

Mali's Second National Communication - June 2011

The creation of a National Communication offers countries the opportunity to contribute with technically sound studies and information that can be used for designing mitigation and adaptation measures, and project proposals that can and will help increase their resilience to the impacts of climate change. Activities generally include: V&A assessments, Greenhouse Gas Inventory preparation, Mitigation Analysis or Education, and awareness raising activities.

Supporting Mali to advance their NAP Process

A NAP support mission to Mali is being prepared, which will help to enhance the understanding of the NAP and of the tools and methods available to advance the process. High level decisions makers will be sensitized on the NAP process during this upcoming support mission.

Programme for the Support of the National Adaptation Strategy to Climate Change in Mali

Like other countries in the Sahel, Mali is susceptible to climate variability and is suffering from the impacts of global climate change. According to forecasts, rainfall will fluctuate even more in the future and the frequency of extreme events such as drought or heavy rain will increase. The poorest groups are harder hit by the impacts of climate change because they depend directly on natural resources for their livelihoods.

Programme for the Support of the National Adaptation Strategy to Climate Change in Mali

Mali's Second National Communication - June 2011

The creation of a National Communication offers countries the opportunity to contribute with technically sound studies and information that can be used for designing mitigation and adaptation measures, and project proposals that can and will help increase their resilience to the impacts of climate change. Activities generally include: V&A assessments, Greenhouse Gas Inventory preparation, Mitigation Analysis or Education, and awareness raising activities.

Supporting Mali to advance their NAP Process

A NAP support mission to Mali is being prepared, which will help to enhance the understanding of the NAP and of the tools and methods available to advance the process. High level decisions makers will be sensitized on the NAP process during this upcoming support mission.

Key Results and Outputs

Outcome 1 - Sustainable climate resilient water management systems provided to vulnerable communities, including women farmers, which in turn ought to support the development of subsistence activities

Output 1.1. Dredging and protecting channels from erosion of major rivers & ponds to restore fish habitats threatened by climate change and ensure resilience of sources of protein for men, women and children in rural communities

Output 1.2. Small scaled irrigation schemes provided to smallholder farmers, including women farmers, in high climate risks zone

Output 1.3. Local water management activities supported to strengthen roles and capacities of local water associations, including women groups

Outcome 2 - Innovative approach and sustainable climate resilient technologies provided to women farmers and producers in vulnerable communes to enhance and secure the production of local livelihood systems from climate impacts

Output 2.1. Climate resilient multipurpose farm combined with water and soils conservation, diffusion of drought-adapted crop, provision of agro-meteorological information and building of Local Strategic Grain Reserves adopted by most vulnerable women and farmer to improve and ensure the sustainability of livelihoods 

Output 2.2. Pastoral perimeters created or restored to support production and maintain resilience of livestock resources from climate impacts

Output 2.3. Dry-season gardening activities by women supported to improve food and income diversification

Output 2.4. Collective action for women farmers established to share, build capacity and incorporate most effective livelihood management strategies’ in different climate contexts and for different groups of women

Programme Meetings and Workshops

 

(More Information to come)

Monitoring and Evaluation

 

The implementation of the project’s activities will reflect GEF monitoring and evaluation standards and procedures as well as UNDP guidelines on monitoring and evaluation of projects on adaptation policy.

(More Information to come)

Contacts

UNDP
Clotilde Goeman
Regional Technical Advisor

Works with women producer groups.