Supporting Senegal to advance their NAP Process

Introduction

 

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Climate change in Senegal is predicted to decrease overall rainfall but increase the intensity of rain when it occurs. Along with increased air temperatures and sea level rise, the effects of climate change are projected to impact agriculture, water resources and tourism most acutely, which are also the pillars of the country’s economy and source of income for approximately 70 percent of the population. Climate change adaptation strategies are therefore vital to protecting these industries and the livelihoods of the Senegalese people.

Following on from the ratification of the UNFCCC (1994) and the Kyoto Protocol (1991), Senegal has submitted three National Communications (NC) to the UNFCCC: the First NC was submitted in 1997; the Second NC in 2010; and the Third NC in January 2016). During this period (2011), Senegal also established the National Climate Change Committee (COMNACC) in 2011 and 14 Regional Climate Change Committees (COMRECCs) to support adaptation at regional levels. These committees will orchestrate the implementation of adaptation priorities outlined in Senegal’s INDC, which later became their First NDC when they ratified the Paris Agreement in September 2016. 
 
Senegal’s INDC provides a comprehensive set of conditional adaptation priorities, covering  a range of areas (climate smart agriculture; livestock; disease surveillance and control; sustainable urban planning; coastal fisheries; water management; disaster risk management; and ecosystems and biodiversity) which the World Bank lays out (in English) in an INDC summary document. The NAP process will align with these ambitions and stay focused on integrating adaptation into budgeting and planning in the water resources, agricultural and tourism industries, whose preservation is fundamental to Senegal’s development goals and the SDGs.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Held a NAP Training and Consultation Workshop 

 

The workshop took place from 8 – 10 July 2015. With support from the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Economy, as well as UNDP Country Office, the workshop was designed to support the government launch the NAP process at a national level and identify entry points for integrating disaster risk reduction with climate change adaptation, as well as outline next steps for mainstreaming adaptation in the fisheries sector. The workshop gathered a total of 60 participants from relevant ministries and civil society.

 

Production of a Stocktaking Report that identifies Senegal’s needs regarding adaptation planning and budgeting

 
The report has outlined 3 workstreams, to be undertaken simultaneously, by which Senegal can achieve their NAP goals; Workstream 1, piloting the NAP and enhancing coordination and capacity to implement CCA; Workstream 2; mainstream Climate Change into national and sectoral planning and budgeting; and Workstream 3, reporting, monitoring and review.

 

Supported the launch of the PAS-PNA project

 

The Science-Based Support of the NAP Process in Francophone LDCs in Sub-Saharan Africa (PAS-PNA) project, is funded by the development arm of the German government (GIZ), who the NAP-GSP works closely with when their support functions overlap.

 

News

> A glimpse of climate change in Senegal 

20 April, 2017, Senegal - A UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Exposure captures the vulnerabilities of sub-urban communities in Dakar and identifies the impacts of climate change. It also looks into the future at adaptation planning. 

 

Supporting key sectors through the NAP process in Senegal

15 July 2015, Dakar, Senegal - A UNDP mission for the NAP-GSP took place between 8 - 15 July 2015, to support the Government of Senegal in launching their NAP process at the national level, and to help to identify entry points for integrating disaster risk reduction with climate change adaptation, as well as to identify the next steps for the fisheries sector.

 

View presentations and exercises from NAP Training and Consultation Workshop

8 - 10 July 2015, Dakar, Senegal - NAP-GSP facilitated a NAP stakeholder workshop with the Ministry of Environment and is assisted in a fisheries planning consultation to start the NAP process at the sector level, in cooperation with the government, the UNDP Country Office and USAID. 

 

Country Initiatives

Senegal National Adaptation Plan

Climate Change Adaptation in the Country of Senegal (TACC)

The Down to Earth: Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) is part of a partnership between the United Nations and sub-national governments for fostering climate friendly development at the sub-national level. This partnership is a collaborative effort involving UNDP, UNEP and eight associations of regions.

Promoting Innovative Finance, Community Based Adaptation in Communes Surrounding Community in Senegal

The "Promoting Innovative Finance and Community Based Adaptation in Communes Surrounding Community Natural Reserves (Ferlo, Niokolo Koba, Bas Delta Senegal, Delta du Saloum) in Senegal" project will work to create financial incentives to cover the incremental costs of climate change adaptation and support capacity building for vulnerable households and community groups to build holistic responses to climate change.

Promoting Innovative Finance, Community Based Adaptation in Communes Surrounding Community in Senegal

Strengthening Land and Ecosystem Management Under Conditions of Climate Change in the Niayes and Casamance Regions in the Republic of Senegal

The"Strengthening Land and Ecosystem Management Under Conditions of Climate Change in the Niayes and Casamance Regions in the Republic of Senegal" project supports ecosystem-based adaptation and builds the enabling environments required for long-term climate resilience. The project is funded by the Global Environment Facility Least Developed Countries Fund. According to Senegal’s NAPA, the country is experiencing repeated droughts that have severely changed the water regime and vegetation cover. In addition, periodic flooding is also experienced.