Agriculture contributes approximately 30.3 percent of Kenya’s GDP and another 27 percent indirectly via linkages to agro-based industries and the service sector. Increased temperatures and variation in precipitation are expected to affect crops, livestock and threatening livelihoods.
Kenya is located on the equator with the Indian Ocean lying to the south east. Within its borders are a diverse range of climatic conditions. They include tropical hot humid conditions along the coast, cooler savannah grasslands in the interior, hot and dry arid and semi-arid areas to the north and temperate forested, hilly areas in the West.
Agriculture contributes about 30.3 percent of Kenya’s Gross Domestic Product (in 2014) and another 27 percent indirectly via linkages to agro-based industries and the service sector. Farming in Kenya is primarily small scale, with approximately 75 percent of output produced on rain fed farms averaging between 0.3 to 3 hectares in size.
Climate changes already observed include rising temperatures, shifts in seasonal rainfall patterns as well as a decreasing amounts of rain in many locations. Rain fed agriculture is particularly vulnerable to these changes. Increased temperatures and variation in precipitation are expected to affect crops and livestock, threatening livelihoods. Resource poor farmers vulnerable to shifts in climate will face serious crop failures, income loss and loss of livelihoods.
UNDP and FAO are supporting farming communities in Kenya identify and implement adaptation strategies through the Integrating Agriculture Into NAPs initiative. This entails:
- strengthening technical and institutional capacities for NAP implementation
- developing a strategy for integrating adaptation measures with national planning and budgeting processes (Kenya Climate Smart Agricultural Framework Programme)
- strengthened relevant monitoring and evaluation capacities
- disseminate lessons learned and case studies on integrating agriculture into NAPs process at a national level
Reports and Publications
Plans and policies of relevance to NAPs for Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
Planning Meeting Presentations
Lucy Ng’ang’a, who is working as an Agriculture and Climate Change Expert in the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries of Kenya, describes why and how the country is preparing its national adaptation plan.
In Kenya, the most vulnerable people are already being impacted by climate variability. Ms Ng’ang’a underlines the need to build capacity at all levels as being essential for climate change adaptation, especially in rural areas.