UNDP Support in Pacific SIDS
Small Island developing States (SIDS) in the Pacific are particularly exposed to the climate change related risks since the majority of their population, agricultural land and infrastructure are concentrated in the coastal zone. Pacific SIDS are also unique since their dense and rapidly growing population and low-lying deltaic spatial locations render the region highly susceptible to only a small degree of change in climate conditions.
The likely prospect of land loss, salinization, and droughts due to climate change will threaten the sustainability of agriculture in Pacific countries. The sea surface temperatures causes coral bleaching which affects artisanal fisheries and reduces storm surge protection. Also, the biodiversity of upland and coastal forests, including mangroves, is threatened by both global change and local factors. Low rainfall can lead to a reduction in the amount of water that can be physically harvested, a reduction in river flow, and a slower rate of recharge of the freshwater lens, which can result in prolonged droughts. Finally, impacts on infrastructure due to extreme climate events would become increasingly destructive.
Learn more about UNDP's Support to Small Island Developing States.
Source: UNFCCC, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in Small Island Developing States - Background paper for the expert meeting on adaptation for Small Island Developing States; and Global Climate Change Alliance, http://www.gcca.eu/regional-programmes/gcca-pacific-small-island-states.
The Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) project is the largest climate change adaptation initiative in the Pacific region, with demonstration projects in 14 Pacific island countries.
The PACC project is funded by the Global Environment Facility's Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) – a fund that was established to support adaptation and technology transfer in all developing country parties to the UNFCCC. Additional funding has been provided by the Australian Government to support the replication of successful demo adaptation interventions in a broader range of vulnerable communities. Project execution is supported by Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme.