UNDP Pipeline

Taxonomy Term List

Building Resilience of Health Systems in Pacific Island LDCs to Climate Change

The Pacific Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are among the countries most vulnerable to climate variability and change.  A common problem is the triple burden of communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases, exacerbated by health impacts of climate change that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality.  

Working in Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu, the project, Building Resilience of Health Systems in Pacific Island LDCs to Climate Change, this UNDP and World Health Organization supported project will provide overall adaptation benefits through adjusting health systems and associated capacities of health professionals to incorporate climate risks and resilience into health practices. Coupled with enhancing the operation of information and early warning services, and the effectiveness of disease control practices, these efforts will serve to reduce climate-induced disruptions in the function of primary health care facilities. It is expected that these in turn will reduce the occurrence and intensity of climate-sensitive disease outbreaks and their associated effects on communities and individuals. 

The revision of health strategies will not only help to build national capacities for analyzing climate-induced risks to health and identifying adaptive preventive and curative measures, but it will also support review of operational aspects, such as institutional structures and capacities,  financial and budgetary planning processes for their implementation. The programmatic approach to address barriers of tackling burdens of communicable and non-communicable diseases, will build climate resilience in vulnerable populations and communities, and in the health systems in LDCs, to better manage the health risks of climate variability and change.

 

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Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Thematic Area: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (159.25781246428 -8.2223638578622)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Communities living in Kiribati, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and Solomon Islands.
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$17.2 million (GEF LDCF grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$76 million (co-financing)
Project Details: 


Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Expected Outcomes:

  • 1. Governance of health system and institutional capacities strengthened by mainstreaming climate-related risk and resilience aspects into health policy frameworks
  • 2. Capacities of health system institutions and personnel strengthened in managing health information and weather/climate early warning systems
  • 3. Improved coverage and quality of health services addressing climate-related diseases, and reduced climate-induced disruptions in the function of health care facilities
  • 4. Enhanced south-south cooperation fostering knowledge exchange, the provision of technical assistance and scientific advisory, and the integration of national health policy frames and related adaptation plans with ongoing NAP-related processes
Monitoring & Evaluation: 


Contacts: 
UNDP
Reis Lopez Rello
Regional Technical Advisor
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 


News and Updates: 


Information in French / Informations en français: 


Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1. Governance of health system and institutional capacities strengthened by mainstreaming climate-related risk and resilience aspects into health policy frameworks

Outcome 2. Capacities of health system institutions and personnel strengthened in managing health information and weather/climate early warning systems

Outcome 3. Improved coverage and quality of health services addressing climate-related diseases, and reduced climate-induced disruptions in the function of health care facilities

Outcome 4. Enhanced south-south cooperation fostering knowledge exchange, the provision of technical assistance and scientific advisory, and the integration of national health policy frames and related adaptation plans with ongoing NAP-related processes

Civil Society Engagement: 


Strengthening climate information and early warning systems for climate resilient development and adaptation to climate change in Guinea

Through the project, "Strengthening climate information and early warning systems for climate resilient development and adaptation to climate change in Guinea", UNDP seeks to support  strengthened national capacities, including the participation of communities to prevent, reduce, mitigate and cope with the impact of the systemic shocks form natural hazards. The project also aims to  to strengthen the capacity of developing countries to mainstream climate change adaptation policies into national development plans.

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Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Thematic Area: 
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$5 million (proposed GEF LDCF grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$39 million (proposed co-financing)
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Expected Outcomes:
• 1. Enhanced capacity of national hydro-meteorological (NHMS) and environmental institutions to monitor extreme weather and climate change
• 2. Efficient and effective use of hydro-meteorological and environmental information for making early warnings and mainstreaming CC in the long-term development plans

Contacts: 
UNDP
Henry Diouf
Regional Technical Advisor
Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1. Enhanced capacity of national hydro-meteorological (NHMS) and environmental institutions to monitor extreme weather and climate change

Outcome 2. Efficient and effective use of hydro-meteorological and environmental information for making early warnings and mainstreaming CC in the long-term development plans

Developing climate resilient livelihoods in the vulnerable watershed in Nepal

Nepal is a land-locked country located in the central Himalayas and has a lateral span of less than 200 kilometers. Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world, with nearly 70 per cent of the population living on less than US$2 per day. Approximately 85 per cent of Nepalese depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, and agriculture is the largest contributor to GDP, with additional benefits from a large tourism sector. Since 1963, UNDP has supported the Government of Nepal and its people in their fight against poverty and pursuit of sustainable development. A major element has entailed helping government agencies, civil society and community groups to develop capacities to better plan and implement effective development programmes. 

This new project, Developing climate resilient livelihoods in the vulnerable watershed in Nepal, will work to ensure that integrated watershed management practices are introduced and scaled up in 3 districts covering 150,000 ha of watershed areas and benefiting 100,000 vulnerable people.

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Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (84.374999989444 27.848790465193)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$7 million (proposed GEF LDCF grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$40 million (proposed co-financing)
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Expected Outcomes:
1. Integrated watershed management framework has been established to address climate change induced floods and droughts.
2. Integrated watershed management practices introduced and scaled up in 3 districts covering 150,000 ha of watershed areas and benefiting 100,000 vulnerable people.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Keti Chachibaia
Regional Technical Advisor
Location: 
Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1. Integrated watershed management framework has been established to address climate change induced floods and droughts.

Outcome 2. Integrated watershed management practices introduced and scaled up in 3 districts covering 150,000 ha of watershed areas and benefiting 100,000 vulnerable people.

Community based climate risks management in Chad

The Republic of Chad is dominated by the Saharan desert in its north (covering half of its 1,284,634 km2). The Sahelian ecological zone runs through the center of the country, and is characterized by poor soils and scrubland. In the south, the wetter Sudanian savanna zone is dominated by forest and wooded savannah. The country’s unique position within the Middle Africa region aligns it with both the Congo Basin and the Sahel (as a member of both the Central African Forests Commission [COMIFAC] and the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel [CILSS]). Landlocked, the country is home to about 11.5 million people (2010 estimate), only 28 per cent of whom live in urban areas (UNFPA, 2010). 

Chad is projected to experience a moderate increase in temperature of between 0.6 and 1.3oC (under a medium warming scenario) by 2023 and 1 to 2.5oC of warming expected by 2050. It is expected that the number of “hot” days and nights will increase, while there will be a decrease in the number of “cold” days and nights (McSweeney et al., 2008; World Bank, n.d.). With respect to precipitation changes, model simulations for the Sahel remain widely divergent; some models estimate that mean annual precipitation could decrease by up to 28 per cent, while others suggest that it could increase by up to 29 per cent by the 2090s. A significant increase in extreme rainfall events (greater than 50 mm in the maximum five-day precipitation) has also been projected—a change that could increase runoff and flooding conditions (McSweeney et al., 2008; World Bank, n.d.).

In response to these expected climate change impacts, the United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Chad to implement the "Community-based climate risks management in Chad" project. Project activities will work to build local and national capacity to respond to climate change. 

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Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$5.2 million (proposed GEF LDCF grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$16 million (proposed co-financing)
Project Details: 

The main economic sectors in the country are: industry (responsible for 48.8 per cent of GDP, mostly from petroleum products); services (37.6 per cent of GDP); agriculture (13.6 per cent of GDP, principally cotton and livestock). Although agriculture is not the main economic sector of Chad, more than 80 per cent of the country’s workforce is engaged in this sector (USDS, 2010). Chad is among the poorest countries in the world—ranked 163 out of 169 countries on the UNDP Human Development Index (UNDP 2010). GDP per capita in 2008 was US$770 per year (UNDP, 2010), and only 3 per cent of the population has access to electricity. This low level of electrification places huge pressure on forest resources as wood and charcoal remain the principle sources of energy. Exploitation of these resources is contributing to desertification (OneWorld, 2010).

The main non-climate environmental pressures facing Chad include population growth, deforestation, overgrazing, poaching, erosion, waste pollution (litter), soil pollution, brushfires and ground and surface water pollution. Unsustainable levels of water extraction and population pressures have contributed to Lake Chad’s loss of approximately 90 percent of its surface area in the past 40 years. 

The climate of the northern, Saharan desert region of Chad today is very dry throughout the year. Its central plain is hot and dry, with an intense rainy season mid-June to mid-September. In the southern Sudanian savanna lowlands, the climate is warm and more humid, with an intense rainy season from late May to early October. Temperatures in the country range in the winter from 11 to 20oC, and in the summer from 39 to 45oC. Mean annual temperatures in Chad have increased by 0.7oC since 1960 (McSweeney et al., 2008).

Based on the projected changes to the climate, the following key vulnerabilities were identified in Chad’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) released in 2010 (CMEWF, 2010):

  • Agriculture: with 80 per cent of its workforce dependent on agriculture and husbandry, the country is highly vulnerable to climate shifts. It therefore not a surprise that the potential for climate change to bring about a loss of biomass, disappearance of certain crop species, lower yields and increased food deficits is of concern to Chad. Potential outcomes of climate change include reduced agricultural productivity in the south, failed harvests in the Sahelian belt, livestock deaths due to insufficient water resources and reduced fish populations. The length of the growing period could be reduced by more than 20 per cent by 2050, and a near-elimination of rainfed mixed crop/livestock systems could occur within this same timeframe. Of particular concern is the potential for the area suitable for cotton cultivation to be reduced due to economic and climatic reasons. So too is the possible impact of climate change on livestock and pastoralism; Chad projects that climate change could led to abandonment of traditional pastoral zones, modified migration patterns, livestock deaths, loss of genetic diversity, fodder deficits, pressure on protected areas and lower livestock yields.
  • Fisheries:  concerns include an increase in the number of subsistence fishers who have abandoned agriculture and livestock for fishing, migration towards Lake Chad and lower fish stocks.
  • Forest resources: climate change could result in lower vegetation cover, degraded soils, deterioration in the ecosystem services provided by the forests, stronger winds and less rainfall.
  • Freshwater resources: stronger flooding, increased demands on water resources, excessive exploitation, increased evaporation rates and significantly increased extraction (with population growth) are cited as sources of vulnerability.
  • Population: increased pressures for the best land, internal and external migration, rural exodus, and greater pressure on urban structures and services.
  • Transport: degraded road networks and increased transportation costs.
  • Industry: increased difficulty in supplying products and inputs.
  • Human health and nutrition: Chad currently has weak access to basic health services among most of the population, leading in part to low life expectancy  and high mortality rates (infant, children, maternal), and low capacity to address the threat of disease (including respiratory, malaria, diarrhea, cardio-vascular disease, cholera, meningitis, skin and eye diseases). Climate change will place an additional burden on an already vulnerable system.
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Expected Outcomes:

1. Community-based early warning system for preparedness against climate related disaster risks
2. Enhancing risks management capacities

Expected Outputs:

1.1 Producing and disseminating relevant and timely climate information to enhance preparedness of national and local stakeholders and threatened communities to act appropriately and effectively in a timely manner in response to climate-related disaster risks. This includes: (i) the establishment of a decentralized, reliable and functioning organizational system for managing climate risk and disasters, and for coordinating response; (ii) the support to the Direction of Water Resources and Meteorology (DREM) to generate bottom-up reliable weather forecasts to disseminate to target population; (iii) the establishment of a communication and dissemination system to reach all end users; and (iii) the training of staff from DREM and other relevant personnel to effectively run the CB-Early Warning system.
2.1 Promote financial risk transfer mechanisms (e.g. combination of microfinance and micro-assurance) to help rural households minimize losses and provide safety nets against climate-related shocks. This includes: (i) structural analysis of market and institutions to determine demand for micro-insurance and related risk-transfer mechanisms; (ii) the selection of schemes and instruments; (iii) the development of clients’ education and capacities; (iii) the testing and evaluating of financial risks mechanisms; and (iv) the development of cross-community peer-review, learning and sharing mechanisms to support replication in other vulnerable communities.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Mame Diop
Regional Technical Advisor
Location: 
Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1. Community-based early warning system for preparedness against climate related disaster risks

Outcome 2. Enhancing risks management capacities

Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Sustainable Development Pathways of Bangladesh

The United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Bangladesh to develop a project proposal for a new US$6.3 million grant proposal for the Global Environment Facility Least Developed Countries Fund. The proposed "Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Sustainable Development Pathways of Bangladesh" project will include US$17.4 million in co-financing. The project looks to establish climate and socio-economic information databases and functional national and sub-national systems to inform and guide climate-resilient policy and decision-making, appraise, prioritize and implement adaptions options for vulnerable agro-ecological regions, population groups and sectors, and establish requisite institutional and planning capacities  to integrate climate change adaptation into relevant budgeting, fiscal, planning and social protection frameworks at the national and sub-national levels.

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (90.351562476629 24.056496493275)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$6.3 million (proposed GEF grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$17.7 million (proposed co-financing)
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1 - Climate and socio-economic information databases and functional national and sub-national systems established to inform and guide climate-resilient policy and decision-making

Outcome 2 - Adaptation options including for vulnerable agro-ecological regions, population groups and sectors are appraised, costed, prioritized and implemented

Outcome 3 - Required institutional and planning capacities established to integrate climate change adaptation in relevant budgeting, fiscal, planning and social protection frameworks at national and sub-national levels

Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1 - Climate and socio-economic information databases and functional national and sub-national systems established to inform and guide climate-resilient policy and decision-making

Outcome 2 - Adaptation options including for vulnerable agro-ecological regions, population groups and sectors are appraised, costed, prioritized and implemented

Outcome 3 - Required institutional and planning capacities established to integrate climate change adaptation in relevant budgeting, fiscal, planning and social protection frameworks at national and sub-national levels

Planning and Financing Adaptation in Niger

The United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Niger to develop a project proposal for a new US$9 million grant proposal for the Global Environment Facility Least Developed Countries Fund. The proposed "Planning and Financing Adaptation in Niger" project will include US$27 million in co-financing. The project looks to integrate climate change adaptation into relevant budgeting and planning frameworks at national and local levels, promote the mass dissemination of economically sustainable hybrid village water systems and multipurpose infrastructure that transforms access to water to an income-generating opportunity, increase disaster risks preparedness of vulnerable communities, and establish an evidence-based knowledge system to inform policies and investments on adaptation.

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$9 million (proposed GEF LDCF grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$27 million (proposed co-financing)
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1 - Integrate climate change adaptation in relevant budgeting and planning frameworks at national (2020-2035 SDDCI, CC Strategy, IWRM, multiannual/annual budget frameworks) and local levels

Outcome 2 - Promote the mass dissemination of economically sustainable hybrid village water systems and multipurpose infrastructure that transform access to water to an income-generating opportunity and increase disaster risks preparedness of vulnerable communities

Outcome 3 - Establish an evidence based knowledge system to inform policies and investments on adaptation

Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1 - Integrate climate change adaptation in relevant budgeting and planning frameworks at national (2020-2035 SDDCI, CC Strategy, IWRM, multiannual/annual budget frameworks) and local levels

Outcome 2 - Promote the mass dissemination of economically sustainable hybrid village water systems and multipurpose infrastructure that transform access to water to an income-generating opportunity and increase disaster risks preparedness of vulnerable communities

Outcome 3 - Establish an evidence based knowledge system to inform policies and investments on adaptation

Promoting Index-Based Weather Insurance for Small Holder Farmers in Burkina Faso

The United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Burkina Faso to develop a project proposal for a new US$4.5 million grant proposal for the Global Environment Facility Least Developed Countries Fund. The proposed "Promoting Index-Based Weather Insurance for Small Holder Farmers in Burkina Faso" project will include US$19 million in co-financing. The project looks to creating enabling conditions for advancing an index-based weather insurance system in Northern Burkina Faso, pilot an insurance program  for small-scale producers (involved in maize and groudnut production) to minimize the damage induced by climate risks, and capture and disseminate lessons learned from the index-based weather insurance experience.

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$4.4 million (Proposed GEF LDCF Grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$19 million (Proposed Co-Financing)
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Expected Outcomes

Outcome 1. Enabling conditions for advancing an index-based weather insurance system in Northern Burkina Faso developed

Outcome 2. Insurance program piloted for small scale producers (involved in maize and groudnut) to minimize the damage induced by climate risks.

Outcome 3. Lessons learned from the Index-based Weather Insurance experience are documented and disseminated

Expected Outputs

Output 1. Review the institutional and policy environment to identify gaps and barriers to implementing IBWI

Output 2. Conduct an assessment of institutional capacities and key actors to be trained (including farmers, insurance companies and government officials)

Output 3. Conduct financial literacy and awareness programs for target beneficiaries on IBWI

Output 4. Engage farmers in a participatory and gender sensitive insurance product design and MRV of losses

Output 5. Build a regular sharing and training platform for all stakeholders (farmers, insurance companies, rural banks, and agriculture input companies)

Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1 - Enabling conditions for advancing an index-based weather insurance system in Northern Burkina Faso developed

Outcome 2 - Insurance program piloted for small scale producers (involved in maize and groudnut) to minimize the damage induced by climate risks

Outcome 3 - Lessons learned from the Index-based Weather Insurance experience are documented and disseminated

Enhancing “whole of islands” Approach to Strengthen Community Resilience to Climate and Disaster risks in Kiribati

The United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Kiribati to develop a project proposal for a new US$9 million grant proposal for the Global Environment Facility Least Developed Countries Fund. The proposed "Enhancing 'whole of islands' Approach to Strengthen Community Resilience to Climate and Disaster Risks in Kiribati" project will include US$45 million in co-financing. The project looks to strengthen the capacity of government institutions to support the operalization of the Kiribati Joint Implementation Plan for Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management 2014-2023 (KJIP), enhance capacity of island administrations  to plan for and monitor climate change adaptation processes in a Whole of Islands (WoI) approach, and enhance community capacities  to adapt to climate induced risks to food and water security and community assets.

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-160.66406254289 -1.5708480860501)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$8.9 million proposed GEF LDCF Grant
Co-Financing Total: 
US$45 million proposed co-financing
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Expected Outcomes:

1.1 Capacities of national government institutions and personnels strengthened on mainstreaming climate and disaster risks, supporting the operalization of the Kiribati Joint Implementation Plan for Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management 2014-2023 (KJIP)

2.1 Capacity of island administrations enhanced to plan for and monitor climate change adaptation processes in a Whole of Islands (WoI) approach

3.1 Community capacities enhanced to adapt to climate induced risks to food and water security and community assets

Expected Outputs:

1.1.1 National and sectoral level policy, planning and legal frameworks revised or developed, integrating climate change and disaster risks

1.1.2 Budgetary processes and related institutional structures adjusted with considerations to climate change risk

1.1.3 National and sectoral monitoring and evaluation (M&E) processes, related data gathering and communication systems enhanced and adjusted to support KJIP implementation

1.1.4 KJIP Coordination mechanism enhanced

1.1.5 Tools and mechanisms to develop, stock, and share data, knowledge, and information on climate change and disaster risks enhanced at the national level

2.2.1 Island and community level vulnerability and adaptation (V&A) assessments revised and/or developed at 5 additional islands

2.1.2 Island Council Strategic Plans reviewed and complemented with whole of island adaptation action plans in 5 islands

2.1.3 Island level M&E processes, related data gathering, and communications systems enhanced and adjusted linked with national systems

2.1.4 Tools and mechanisms to develop, stock, and share data, knowledge, and information on CC and DR enhanced at the island level – with the option of exploring the software and hardware to strengthen information and communication mechanisms for early warning system (EWS)

2.1.5 I Kiribati population in 5 islands receives formal and informal training and awareness raising programmes on climate change and disaster risk management

3.1.1 Climate-resilient agriculture and livestock practices (including supply, production and processing/storage aspects) are introduced in at least 5 additional islands and communities

3.1.2 Water supply and storage facilities enhanced and/or installed at 5 additional islands and communities

3.1.3 Shoreline protection and climate proofing of infrastructure measures implemented at 5 additional islands and communities

Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1 - Capacities of national government institutions and personnels strengthened on mainstreaming climate and disaster risks, supporting the operalization of the Kiribati Joint Implementation Plan for Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management 2014-2023 (KJIP).

Outcome 2 - Capacity of island administrations enhanced to plan for and monitor climate change adaptation processes in a Whole of Islands (WoI) approach.

Outcome 3 - Community capacities enhanced to adapt to climate induced risks to food and water security and community assets

Enhancing Resilience Of Liberia Montserrado County Vulnerable Coastal Areas To Climate Change Risks II

The United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Liberia to ensure investment of a new tranche of US$4 million from the Least Developed Countries Fund is used to reduce the vulnerability of physical assets and natural systems, protect coastal areas, and mitigate carbon dioxide emissions. The "Enhancing Resilience Of Liberia Montserrado County Vulnerable Coastal Areas To Climate Change Risks II" project will work to build national capacity and drive policy coordination in the coastal county of Montserrado to plan and respond to climate change. The project will benefit from a proposed US$2.2 million Global Environment Facility Least Developed Countries Fund grant and US$2.1 million in co-financing.

The project will contribute to global environmental benefits and improve the livelihoods of the citizens of Liberia with the improved management of 300 million hectares of seascapes, placing 120 million hectares under sustainable land management practices. It will promote the collective management of transboundary water systems, and implement a full range of policy, legal and institutional reforms and investments to contribute to the sustainable use of ecosystem services.

Large environmental benefits are also planned. Most notably, 750 million tons of Carbon Dioxide will be mitigated and 1000 tons of mercury will be reduced.

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Thematic Area: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-10.898437505234 6.2570499878091)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$2.1 million (proposed GEF LDCF grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$2.1 million (proposed co-financing)
Project Details: 

The Liberia coastline is subject to see level rise. Indeed, by the year 2090, the SRESB1 predicts a rise of sea level between 0.13m and 0.43m, whereas SRESA1 predicts a rise of between 0.18m and 0.56m , relative to 1980 - 1999 mean , (INC, 2013). This forecasted sea level rise, combined with increased intensity of storms and potential storm surges is very likely to accelerate the present catastrophic situation of coastal erosion. The orientation of Liberia’s coastline and its location on the Gulf of Guinea coastline, make it particularly exposed to the southern Atlantic annual sea storm surges. These surges lead to average tidal rises of over 2m during a brief period in spring – a major driver of coastal erosion. According to the NAPA (2008), the areas along the coast where erosion is most severe are Montserrado County coastlines, (West Point and New Kru Town and River Cess), Buchanan and Cestos Cities.

In the Montserrado County, sea-level rise would lead to shoreline retreat. The intensity of the retreat would vary along the coast from between 10 meters/year in the higher cliffed zone (e.g. between Mamba Point and Sinkor) to about 20 meters/year in the lowlands on Bush Rod Island. A considerable population is currently residing and working in these threatened zones, particularly around West Point. Another important expected impact of sea level rise is direct inundation of low-lying wetlands and dry land areas. For example, over the last 40 years, Liberia has experienced a number of climate-induced and sea-induced disasters. Communities such as New Kru Town and Hotel Africa in Montserrado are regularly under water. According to the Environment Protection Agency (EPA), it is projected that a one meter sea level rise (scenario B2) would lead to permanent inundation of about 95 km2 of land in the coastal zone of Liberia. With a one-meter sea level rise, densely populated parts of t he capital city of Monrovia and its environs – including West Point, Hotel Africa, Kru Town and River Cess would be submerged. These are currently the housing areas for tens of thousands of people. A conservative estimate suggests about 250 million United States Dollars worth of land and infrastructures (such as the Hotel Africa complex) would be lost . The anticipated socio-economic impacts of the nexus of sea-level rise, coastal erosion and regular coastal flooding are largely negative and potentially disastrous for coastal communities. These factors are likely to have most impacts in the most densely populated areas such as the coastal areas of the County of Montserrado with large numbers of poor people. They are likely to destroy property, destroy rural infrastructure (markets, roads, centres, clinics), to destroy land, to destroy livelihood equipment (boats, mobile market stands, stoves, etc). Quite simply, the poor people have nowhere to go and no way to protect their personal and community belongings. Montserrado coastal communities are already observing and feeling the impacts of the sea-level rise, coastal erosion and coastal flooding nexus.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Output 1 – Capacity of the climate change secretariat enhanced to drive policy coordination in the coastal county of Montserrado to plan and respond to climate change.

Expected Outputs:
•    1.1. Raised awareness of senior county officials, decision-makers and stakeholders.
•    1.2 Capacity of the National Climate Change Secretariat (NCCS) is strengthened
•    1.3 A county coastal protection unit is established, staffed and equipped
•    1.4 Semi-skilled workers able to prepare, build and maintain gabions and revetments etc.
•    1.5 A system for monitoring the maintenance of coastal protection measures is established,
•    1.6 County Development Agenda that fully addresses climate change prepared and approved.

Outcome 2 – At the sites of Hotel Africa and Kru Town, sustainable and affordable measures to protect coastal areas against climate change impacts are demonstrated.

Expected Outputs:
•    2.3 Hotel Africa and New Kru Town communities protected from climate change impacts.

Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Project Status: 
News and Updates: 

US$2M for New Kru Town Coastal Defense

Liberian Observer
Friday 24 February 2017

Local Project Appraisal Committee members attending a one-day appraisal meeting yesterday at a resort in Monrovia agreed that the US$2 million provided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) must be directed to the ongoing New Kru Town coastal defense project. Among other things, the project aims to ensure that the D. Twe Memorial High School and the Redemption Hospital are not swept away by erosion. The participants were drawn from the Ministry of Lands & Mines and Energy (MLME), the Ministry of Public Works, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), civil society members, the Forestry Development Authority (FDA) and the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning (MFDP). The local Project Appraisal Committee members, before the unanimous decision, examined a summary project document presented by the EPA and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The meeting was held under the theme: “Enhancing Resilience of Montserrado County Vulnerable Coastal Areas to Climate Change Risks.”

 

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Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1 – Vulnerability of physical assets and natural systems reduced.

Outcome 2 – At the sites of Hotel Africa and Kru Town, sustainable and affordable measures to protect coastal areas against climate change impacts are demonstrated.

 

Supporting LDCs to advance National Adaptation Plans

The NAP-GSP  is assisting Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to advance National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). The Global Support Programme on NAPs has been set up to assist countries to bring greater focus and attention to medium and long-term climate change adaptation planning as well as budgeting

 

NAP GSP

 

 

 

 

 

The National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) is a UNDP-UNEP programme, financed by the LDCF. 

Partner agencies to the NAP-GSP include UNDP, UNEP, WHO, FAO, IFAD, UNITAR, GEF, UNFCCC, GWP, GIZ , PROVIA, and UNISDR. 

The NAP-GSP was launched on 14 June 2013 with financing from the Least Developed Country Fund (LDCF). 

> For more information - please visit the NAP-GSP website

Please sign up to the NAP-GSP e-news to receive bi-monthly email updates from LDCS and partners about NAP-related activities:



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Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Least developed Countries (LDCs)
Funding Source: 

Filmed interview on the Ugandan NAP process

Ms. Edith Kateme-Kasajja, National Planning Authority, Uganda, in an interview with the UNDP/UNEP National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme - NAP-GSP - about the climate change National Adaptation Plan - NAP - process in Uganda.
 

Filmed interview on the NAP process in Nepal

Interview with Mr. Lava Bahadur KC, Under Secretary, Climate Change Management Division, Ministry of Science and Technology and Environment, Secretariat Complex, Kathmandu, Nepal, about the NAP process. He discusses NAP opportunities, entry points, gaps and challenges in Nepal.

Filmed interview on the Mozambique NAP process

Mr. Luis Buchir, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Mozambique, in an interview with the UNDP/UNEP National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme - NAP-GSP - about the climate change National Adaptation Plan - NAP - process in Mozambique.

Filmed interview on the Malawi NAP process

Mr. Frederick Kossam, Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Management, Malawi, in an interview with the UNDP/UNEP National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme - NAP-GSP - about the climate change National Adaptation Plan - NAP - process in Malawi.

Filmed interview on the Liberia NAP process

Mr. Anthony Digen Kpadeh, Assistant Director / Liberian Hydrological Service, Ministry of Lands Mines and Energy, Liberia Hydrological Service, in an interview with the UNDP/UNEP National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme - NAP-GSP - about the climate change National Adaptation Plan - NAP - process in Liberia.

Filmed interview on the Gambian NAP process

Mr. Pa Ousman JarJu, Director and UNFCCC Focal Point, Department of Water Resoruces (DWR), Gambia in an interview with the UNDP/UNEP National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme - NAP-GSP - about the climate change National Adaptation Plan - NAP - process in Gambia.

Filmed interview on the Bangladesh NAP process

An interview with Mr. Ahsanul Aziz, Ministry of Environment and Forests Government of Bangladesh, by the UNDP/UNEP National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme - NAP-GSP - about the climate change National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process in Bangladesh.

This video interview was recorded at the Asia Regional Training Workshop -Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plan process - 17-20 February 2014, Pattaya, Thailand

Filmed interview on the Cambodia NAP experience

An interview with Mr Tin Ponlock, Government of Cambodia, by the UNDP/UNEP National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme - NAP-GSP - about the climate change National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process in Cambodia.

New NAP-GSP Film on supporting LDCs to advance NAPs

The National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) is a UNDP-UNEP programme, financed by the LDCF.

The NAP-GSP  is assisting Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to advance National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). NAPs will bring greater focus and coordination to country-led efforts in disaster management and disaster risk reduction, and climate change adaptation.

This short film was developed by the NAP-GSP team and programme partner UNITAR.

Financing Amount: 
2,000,000
Project Brief / Fact Sheet
Programme Related Events
Assessments and Background Documents
Reports and Publications of relevance to Country Teams
Plans and policies of relevance to NAPs for Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
Brochures, Posters, Communications Products
Knowledge Products
Training & Tools
Board Meeting Reports
News article
Plans and policies of relevance to NAPs for Non-Least Developed Countries (non-LDCs)
Project Details: 

The Global Support Programme on NAPs has been set up to assist countries to bring greater focus and attention to medium and long-term climate change adaptation planning as well as budgeting.

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Project monitoring and evaluation will be conducted in accordance with established UNDP, UNEP and GEF procedures and will be undertaken by the project team under the oversight of the UNDP-GEF units based in Bangkok and the UNEP Division for Programme Implementation (DEPI) in Nairobi respectively.

The goal of this programme is to support LDCs to commence a process of integrating medium- to long-term planning for adaptation to climate change within, or aligned with, current development planning and budgeting processes. This will ensure that a successful NAP is not a stand-alone document, but will lead to the integration of adaptation into the existing mainstream development and poverty reduction plans and budgets of a particular country. The programme will strengthen institutional and technical capacities in all LDCs for iterative development of comprehensive NAPs that are country-driven, and based on existing national development priorities and strategies and processes. The programme goal and objective will be achieved by: i) developing operational roadmaps and implementing training to advance medium- to long-term adaptation planning processes in the context of LDC national development strategies; ii) making tools and approaches available to LDCs to support key steps in the NAP process; and iii) exchanging lessons learned and knowledge through South-South and North-South Cooperation.

 

Outcome

Output

Outcome 1 Least Developed Countries are capacitated to advance medium- to long-term adaptation planning processes in the context of their national development strategies and budgets

Output 1.1 Stock-take of information and processes that are of relevance to the NAP process in the country and identification of key gaps to integrate climate change into medium- to long-term planning processes. This will include ensuring that key stakeholders are engaged in taking stock of on-going initiatives of relevance to NAPs, defining the scope of key requirements and expectations, and assessing the gaps and needs – in terms of information, skills and institutional capacity – for advancing medium- to long-term planning and budgeting processes for adaptation in the context of country specific planning processes and guidance emerging from the COP.

Output 1.2 National and sub-national institutional and coordination arrangements established in 12 LDCs, including financial and other requirements for advancing to medium- to long-term adaptation planning and budgeting.

Output 1.3 National roadmaps on the NAP process are formulated, including elements for monitoring the progress of their implementation. The roadmaps will be country-specific, outlining country-specific gaps that need to be filled, budget support required (including an inventory of national or international expertise and other inputs), and timelines for deliverables related to the advancement of NAPs, including reporting on progress to the LEG, AC, UNFCCC subsidiary bodies, etc. The roadmaps will contain information that can be submitted to the LDCF and/or other funding sources with the aim of obtaining the additional finance necessary to support and advance the NAP process in the country

Outcome 2 Tools and approaches to support key steps of the National Adaptation Plan process are developed and accessible to all LDCs

Output 2.1 Technical guidance tools and detailed methodologies by sector, policy materials, guiding principles, case studies on lessons and good practices made accessible in local languages and usable formats to all LDCs, developed in partnership with relevant stakeholders. Effort will be made use existing sectoral guidance and support, as is being developed by other organisations, rather than create new ones. For example, for health, WHO is currently developing guidance that covers vulnerability and assessments, economic tools, gender, early warning systems, indicators for health system resilience and health sector-related NAP guidance.

Output 2.2 National teams in 12 LDCs are trained in the use of the tools and approaches to advance to medium- to long-term adaptation planning and budgeting.

Output 2.3 Web-based training materials prepared for use by countries as they commence their respective NAP processes.

Outcome 3. Exchange of lessons and knowledge through South-South and North-South Cooperation to enhance capacities to formulate and advance the National Adaptation Plan process

Output 3.1 South-South and North-South transfer of technical and process-orientated information on experiences, good practice, lessons and examples of relevance to medium- to long-term national, sectoral and local plans and planning and budgeting processes are captured, synthesised and made available to all LDCs to utilise in advancing the NAP process.

 

Location: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

NATIONAL NAP MEETINGS AND WORKSHOPS

> For updates on meetings and workshops please visit the NAP-GSP website

NAP-GSP REGIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOPS

 

LEG Regional Training Workshop on NAPs for Pacific LDCs in collaboration with NAP-GSP
The LEG Regional Training Workshop on NAPs for Pacific LDCs in collaboration with NAP-GSP is taking place in Port Vila, Vanuatu, from 3-7 November 2014. Representatives are present from the Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. > MORE - LEG / NAP-GSP Pacific NAPs Regionl Training Workshop

Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans - Asia Regional Training Workshop
The Asia Regional Training Workshop was held on 17-20 February 2014 in Pattaya, Thailand.  Representatives from Environment, Planning and Finance Ministries from nine Asian LDCs participated in this workshop, namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, East Timor, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Nepal, and Yemen. > MORE - Asia Regional Training Workshop

Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans - Africa Regional Training Workshop (Anglophone)
The Regional Training Workshop for African Anglophone LDCs was held from 14-17 April 2014 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.  Representatives from Environment, Planning and Finance Ministries from African LDCs participated in this workshop. > MORE - NAP Regional Training Workshop for African Anglophone LDCs

Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans - Africa Regional Training Workshop (Francophone) Atelier régional de formation en Afrique
The Regional Training Workshop for African Francophone LDCs was held from 21-24 April 2014 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Representatives from Environment, Planning and Finance Ministries from African LDCs participated in this workshop. > MORE - NAP Regional Training Workshop for African Francophone LDCs


MEETINGS AND EVENTS

NAPs at COP19

> Decisions
Key decisions were made on NAPs at COP19 in Warsaw in November 2013, endorcing the NAP-GSP and inviting further participation in the NAP process.

> Side-events: 
NAPs featured in many side-events at COP19. See links and reports, film and photos from the events.

> NAP-GSP meetings: 
NAP-GSP team held 
meetings to advance the NAPs process with at least 10 LDC delegations, and several non-LDC participants.

News and Updates: 

NAP-GSP News

The National Adaptation Plan - Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) was launched on 14 June 2013 with financing from the Least Developed Country Fund (LDCF) of the Global environment Facility (The GEF).
 
(1)  Institutional support to develop NAP road-maps
(2)  Training on relevant, tools, methods and guidelines to support effective climate change adaptation planning
(3)  Knowledge sharing to enhance international and regional cooperation
 
The programme is jointly implemented by UNDP and UNEP in collaboration with development partners. NAP-GSP does not provide grants to requesting countries. Support from the programme can however assist countries to leverage finance from a variety of existing sources. 
 
Countries interested in technical assistance from the NAP-GSP should send Official letters of  request through  their national UNFCCC focal points to UNDP and UNEP addressed to Rohini Kohli (rohini.kohli@undp.org) and Mozaharul Alam (Mozaharul.Alam@unep.org).  The programme will accept requests on a rolling basis.

> For updates and news please visit the NAP-GSP website

> News archive

Display Photo: 
About (Summary): 
The NAP-GSP is assisting Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to advance National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). The Global Support Programme on NAPs has been set up to assist countries to bring greater focus and attention to medium and long-term climate change adaptation planning as well as budgeting.