Adaptation aspects in major sectors like forestry, agriculture, water resources and health are presented in Nepal's National Communication of 2004. Adaptation measure to Climate Change could be approached by intensifying the conservation of drought resistant crop varieties by improving cropping practices to conserve water; and by promoting crop diversification. Several aspects of the vulnerability and impact analysis in agriculture sector can also be improved, for example, development of improved climate scenarios, development of more suitable crop models, and search for alternative analytical approaches.

Nepal is a small landlocked mountainous country located between the world's two most populous countries: China to the north and India to the east, west and south, with a total land area of 147,181 square kilometers. The elevation of the country increases from about 60 meters in the south to 8848 meters in the north at the peak of Mt. Everest. Nepal receives major portion of rainfall during summer monsoon from June to September.


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Non-Timber Forest Products and their Role in Ecosystem and Community Resilience

The Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA) project is geared towards combating the impacts of climate change. Operating in 17 Village Districts Committees of Kaski, Parbat and Syangja District that include 9 core VDCs of the Panchase Protection Forest (PPF) and 8 adjoining VDCs, the EbA programme selected the area due to its vulnerability to climate change impacts. The major climate change hazards as landslides and soil erosion are predicted in the Panchase region with erratic rainfall pattern as resulted by changing climatic condition.

Grey Green Structures as a Treatment to Climate Induced Disasters

Nepal as a mountainous country is highly vulnerable to the impact of climate change and specially, erratic rainfall patterns are observed in Nepal. Such scenario rainfall patterns along with degraded ecosystems will result in climate changed induced disasters i.e. flash floods, landslides, slope failures and erosion. Such disaster can result destruction of rural infrastructures i.e. roads, loss of property and even human lives. The EbA Project has prioritized grey green or bio-engineer structures i.e.

Developing climate resilient livelihoods in the vulnerable watershed in Nepal

Nepal is a land-locked country located in the central Himalayas and has a lateral span of less than 200 kilometers. Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world, with nearly 70 per cent of the population living on less than US$2 per day. Approximately 85 per cent of Nepalese depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, and agriculture is the largest contributor to GDP, with additional benefits from a large tourism sector. Since 1963, UNDP has supported the Government of Nepal and its people in their fight against poverty and pursuit of sustainable development. A major element has entailed helping government agencies, civil society and community groups to develop capacities to better plan and implement effective development programmes. 

This new project, Developing climate resilient livelihoods in the vulnerable watershed in Nepal, will work to ensure that integrated watershed management practices are introduced and scaled up in 3 districts covering 150,000 ha of watershed areas and benefiting 100,000 vulnerable people.

Level of Intervention: 
POINT (84.374999989444 27.848790465193)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$7 million (proposed GEF LDCF grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$40 million (proposed co-financing)
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Expected Outcomes:
1. Integrated watershed management framework has been established to address climate change induced floods and droughts.
2. Integrated watershed management practices introduced and scaled up in 3 districts covering 150,000 ha of watershed areas and benefiting 100,000 vulnerable people.

Keti Chachibaia
Regional Technical Advisor
Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1. Integrated watershed management framework has been established to address climate change induced floods and droughts.

Outcome 2. Integrated watershed management practices introduced and scaled up in 3 districts covering 150,000 ha of watershed areas and benefiting 100,000 vulnerable people.

Project Steering Committee Minutes

The meeting was held on 12 January 2017 at MoAD meeting Hall.

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Nepal

Small scale subsistence agriculture employs 78 percent of Nepal’s workforce, with the agriculture sector as a whole contributing to 34.3 percent of national GDP. These farmers are increasingly exposed to climate change induced risks, such as more frequent droughts and floods. In areas of high elevation, climate change, furthermore, intensifies snow and ice cap melting processes, which  increases the risk of  glacial lake outburst floods. Effective adapation strategies are thus imperative to protect livelihoods and prevent rises in  food insecurity – already a reality for 3.4 million Nepalese citizens. 
With low literacy rates, widespread poverty and a high dependency on natural resources, there is a limited capacity in Nepal to adapt to future climate change risks. Nepal has welcomed the NAP-Ag Programme and its objectives to protect agricultural production through mainstreaming adaptation activities into national planning and budgeting processes.
Key Collaborators: 
Financing Amount: 

Multi-sectoral collaboration is essential for national adaptation – Lekha Nath Acharya, Nepal

Mr. Lekha Nath Acharya, who works as a Joint Secretary for the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Nepal, shares in this video his views about the importance of integrating the agriculture sectors in the country’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP).
Nepal is a mountainous and land-locked country, where agriculture sectors are very important as employers and sources of the gross domestic product. Nepal is also highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. Especially women and children are vulnerable groups.

Project Details: 

Adaptation policies

UNDP and FAO aim to support farming communities to identify and implement adaptation strategies, within the context of Nepal’s Agricultural Development Strategy (ADS) 2015 to 2035 as well as its Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management in Agriculture – Priority Framework for Action 2011- 2020
At the national level an assessment has been undertaken to identify gaps and entry points to improve climate budgeting in agriculture. Strengthening capacity to undertake economic appraisals of adaptation options, as well as improving tracking and monitoring systems that will enable evidence-based decision making of public expenditures and increase the efficiency of resource mobilisation processes. Capacities also need to be strengthened in the Ministry of Agricultural Development (MoAD) and district authorities to facilitate the intergration of climate change adaptation into the existing Agricultural Development Strategy (ADS) enacted by MoAD.


NAP-Ag activities

Throughout the period 2016 – 2018, the NAP-Ag is aiming to achieve four outcomes; (1) develop an integrated roadmap for the NAP, addressing sector priorities aligned to the ADS; (2) support the integration of adaptation needs in sector policy and programme development while improving evidence-based results for NAPs by developing a robust monitoring and evaluation framework; (3) strengthen technical capacities and institutions; and (4) promote advocacy and knowledge sharing through exchanging of lessons learned.
An opportunity for knowledge sharing will be the stakeholder forum, scheduled for the second half of 2018, where civil society, private sector, and community-based organizations can discuss and validate priorities for climate action in agro-ecological areas.
Support with leveraging climate finance
Increased country support in leveraging climate finance for the implementation of climate change adaptation strategies and frameworks in the agricultural sectors. Assessed gaps and entry points to improve climate budgeting practices and supporting a task force to improve systems for more robust expenditure classification and tracking.
Capacity development for gender mainstreaming 
Enhanced capacity for gender mainstreaming through technical training workshops and  piloted analytical methods for collecting and using sex-disaggregated data within impact evaluations, monitoring and value chain analysis.
Review of domestic data sources for climate finance
Undertook research to better understand allocations  to climate change through national expenditure.
Economic appraisal of adaptation options
Appraised adaptation options and strengthened capacity to conduct vulnerability and impact assessments, including the assessment of gender issues. The assessments seek to facilitate the framing of priority options and programmes on agriculture and ecosystem-based adaptation, and support the mobilization of national and international finance.
Training workshop to increase capacity for gender analysis 
Delivered training to increase capacity for gender analysis within the context of field-level vulnerability assessments and adaptation planning. Follow-up activities are being planned in order to build on the training workshops.
Integrating climate change into monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and project planning
Guidelines on integrating climate change into M&E frameworks for prioritised adaptation-sensitive programmes will be elaborated along with a training package and toolkit for officers at both national and subnational levels. Key guideline documents for budgeting are also being revised for different levels of government, linking evidence on effective past spending to new programme proposals.
Rohini Kohli
Project Status: 
News and Updates: 

Nepal - Integrating gender in climate risk assessment and adaptation planning

30 Oct 2017, Nepal -  A three-day workshop on integrating gender in climate risk assessment and adaptation planning at the local level was held in Kathmandu this October as part of the UNDP-FAO NAP-Ag programme. The training sought to strengthen the capacity of the Nepal’s NAP-Ag Project Technical Task-force (PTT) and contractors to integrate gender analysis methods and tools in climate risk assessment and adaptation planning in the agriculture sector.


Nepal launches NAP-Agriculture programme to minimize climate change impacts on agriculture

October 2105, Nepal - The NAP-Ag programme, jointly organised by the FAO and UNDP, is funded by Germany under its International Climate Initiative and aims to address climate change impacts through adaptation initiatives in the agriculture sector, and build Nepal’s capacity to mobilise funds for longer-term climate initiatives that are linked to Nepal’s Agriculture Development Strategy.
09 August 2017, Nepal - The challenge now is that despite having the mandate to lead local adaptation efforts, both the capacity and resources of local governments for planning and implementing climate-smart agricultural practices are low. This article summarises Nepal's efforts thus far to address these issues, specifically through the National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA) and the National Framework on Local Adaptation Plan of Action (LAPA), designed to implement NAPA priorities. 

Government investment in climate change paying off, say reports (The Himalayan Times)

07 August 2017, Kathmandu, Nepal - Investment made by the government to help Nepali farmers adapt to climate change is having a positive impact on the income level of farmers, according to recent studies by the Ministry of Agriculture Development, National Disaster Risk Reduction Centre, Freedom Forum and UNDP.


Display Photo: 
About (Summary): 
Small scale subsistence agriculture employs 78 percent of Nepal’s workforce, with the agriculture sector as a whole contributing to 34.3 percent of country’s GDP. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency of floods and droughts and therefore food vulnerability of the already 3.4 million food insecure people living in Nepal.

EbA planning in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (2015)

Abstract: As part of numerous efforts on adapting to climate change in Nepal, an approach of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) is being demonstrated in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (PMER). Partners under the project entitled Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Mountain Ecosystems in Nepal have been implementing activities to reduce vulnerability of the PMER to climate change and enhance resilient capacity of communities and ecosystems in the region to cope with adverse impacts of climate change already being witnessed.

Mt EbA Nepal Vulnerability & Impact Assessment of Panchase Region (2015)

This report is a presentation of the tools and methods of a vulnerability and impacts assessment (VIA) of both climatic and non-climatic changes on ecosystem services and community livelihoods in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (PMER), which is the Nepal project site for the Global Mountain EbA Programme.