Adaptation aspects in major sectors like forestry, agriculture, water resources and health are presented in Nepal's National Communication of 2004. Adaptation measure to Climate Change could be approached by intensifying the conservation of drought resistant crop varieties by improving cropping practices to conserve water; and by promoting crop diversification. Several aspects of the vulnerability and impact analysis in agriculture sector can also be improved, for example, development of improved climate scenarios, development of more suitable crop models, and search for alternative analytical approaches.
Nepal is a small landlocked mountainous country located between the world's two most populous countries: China to the north and India to the east, west and south, with a total land area of 147,181 square kilometers. The elevation of the country increases from about 60 meters in the south to 8848 meters in the north at the peak of Mt. Everest. Nepal receives major portion of rainfall during summer monsoon from June to September.
The Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA) project is geared towards combating the impacts of climate change. Operating in 17 Village Districts Committees of Kaski, Parbat and Syangja District that include 9 core VDCs of the Panchase Protection Forest (PPF) and 8 adjoining VDCs, the EbA programme selected the area due to its vulnerability to climate change impacts. The major climate change hazards as landslides and soil erosion are predicted in the Panchase region with erratic rainfall pattern as resulted by changing climatic condition.
Nepal as a mountainous country is highly vulnerable to the impact of climate change and specially, erratic rainfall patterns are observed in Nepal. Such scenario rainfall patterns along with degraded ecosystems will result in climate changed induced disasters i.e. flash floods, landslides, slope failures and erosion. Such disaster can result destruction of rural infrastructures i.e. roads, loss of property and even human lives. The EbA Project has prioritized grey green or bio-engineer structures i.e.
Nepal is a land-locked country located in the central Himalayas and has a lateral span of less than 200 kilometers. Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world, with nearly 70 per cent of the population living on less than US$2 per day. Approximately 85 per cent of Nepalese depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, and agriculture is the largest contributor to GDP, with additional benefits from a large tourism sector. Since 1963, UNDP has supported the Government of Nepal and its people in their fight against poverty and pursuit of sustainable development. A major element has entailed helping government agencies, civil society and community groups to develop capacities to better plan and implement effective development programmes.
This new project, Developing climate resilient livelihoods in the vulnerable watershed in Nepal, will work to ensure that integrated watershed management practices are introduced and scaled up in 3 districts covering 150,000 ha of watershed areas and benefiting 100,000 vulnerable people.
1. Integrated watershed management framework has been established to address climate change induced floods and droughts.
2. Integrated watershed management practices introduced and scaled up in 3 districts covering 150,000 ha of watershed areas and benefiting 100,000 vulnerable people.
Outcome 1. Integrated watershed management framework has been established to address climate change induced floods and droughts.
Outcome 2. Integrated watershed management practices introduced and scaled up in 3 districts covering 150,000 ha of watershed areas and benefiting 100,000 vulnerable people.
The meeting was held on 12 January 2017 at MoAD meeting Hall.
Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Nepal
Project Brief / Fact Sheet
Reports and Publications of relevance to Country Teams
Reports and Publications by country teams
Planning Meeting Presentations
Training & Tools
Mr. Lekha Nath Acharya, who works as a Joint Secretary for the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Nepal, shares in this video his views about the importance of integrating the agriculture sectors in the country’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP).
Nepal is a mountainous and land-locked country, where agriculture sectors are very important as employers and sources of the gross domestic product. Nepal is also highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. Especially women and children are vulnerable groups.
30 Oct 2017, Nepal - A three-day workshop on integrating gender in climate risk assessment and adaptation planning at the local level was held in Kathmandu this October as part of the UNDP-FAO NAP-Ag programme. The training sought to strengthen the capacity of the Nepal’s NAP-Ag Project Technical Task-force (PTT) and contractors to integrate gender analysis methods and tools in climate risk assessment and adaptation planning in the agriculture sector.
07 August 2017, Kathmandu, Nepal - Investment made by the government to help Nepali farmers adapt to climate change is having a positive impact on the income level of farmers, according to recent studies by the Ministry of Agriculture Development, National Disaster Risk Reduction Centre, Freedom Forum and UNDP.
Abstract: As part of numerous efforts on adapting to climate change in Nepal, an approach of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) is being demonstrated in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (PMER). Partners under the project entitled Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Mountain Ecosystems in Nepal have been implementing activities to reduce vulnerability of the PMER to climate change and enhance resilient capacity of communities and ecosystems in the region to cope with adverse impacts of climate change already being witnessed.
This report is a presentation of the tools and methods of a vulnerability and impacts assessment (VIA) of both climatic and non-climatic changes on ecosystem services and community livelihoods in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (PMER), which is the Nepal project site for the Global Mountain EbA Programme.