Adaptation to climate change is a very compelling subject for the people of Sudan, burdened as they already are with devastating and recurring droughts, as well as severe hardships in the ability to coping with even current climatic variability.
Major adaptation activities and needs that have been identified across the five ecological zones include, Community-based forest and range land management and Rehabilitation and Replacement of household goat herds with sheep herds to reduce pressure on fragile range lands.
Sudan is the largest country in Africa. Its total area is over 250 million hectares, much of which is comprised of arid lands and desert.
Sudan lies within the tropical zone between latitudes 3o and 22o North and longitude 22 o to 38o East. Mean annual temperatures vary between 26oC and 32oC across the country. Rainfall, which supports the overwhelming majority of the country's agricultural activity, is erratic and varies significantly from the northern to southern ranges of the country.
The unreliable nature of rainfall, together with its concentration in short growing seasons, heightens the vulnerability of Sudan’s rain-fed agricultural systems. The most extreme temperatures are found in the far northern part of the country, where summer temperatures can often exceed 43oC and sandstorms blow across the Sahara from April to September.
These regions typically experience virtually no rainfall. In the central area around and just south of Khartoum, average annual temperatures are around 27oC, with rainfall averaging about 200 mm/year and rarely exceeding 700 mm/year.
This publication provides an in-depth analysis and study of gender-responsive adaptation approaches being implemented in six countries under the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility. The study targets adaptation practitioners and decision-makers at all levels (from community to global) who are designing new adaptation initiatives and/or developing new climate change-related policies. It provides a framework in which to examine concrete examples of gender-responsive approaches and how they can lead to greater adaptation impact. It also makes the argument not only for the need for integrated approaches to gender and climate change but more importantly, to identify what inputs, resources and partnerships are needed to pursue them effectively.
This document provides a summary of a comprehensive study done on gender-responsive approaches to adaptation undertaken through the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF). The study draws on findings from the six countries engaged in the CCAF, providing insights on the types of resources and partnerships needed at local and national level for designing and implementing effective gender-responsive adaptation. The countries examined for the study include: Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Haiti, Mali, Niger and Sudan.
Attached is a 2-page project brief based on the Exposure Photo Essay: Waiting for Rain: Supporting rural community-driven adaptation in Sudan (posted September 2015).
Assessing Impact of Adaptation Interventions Using the Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development Framework (TAMD)
This report provides a summary of the recent training workshop on TRACKING ADAPTATION AND MEASURING DEVELOPMENT, held in Khartoum from 1-4 June. The workshop has responded to the fact that adapting to climate change and accelerating development are strongly connected.