Democratic Republic of the Congo

Like most African countries, the Democratic Republic of Congo is in the process of implementing the United Nations Framework Agreement on Climate change. Within the framework of its Initial National Communication, it has undertaken studies on the country’s vulnerability and adaptation strategy in priority areas such as water resources, agriculture and coastline. The country’s objective in terms of water resources is mainly to ensure correct water supply to the populations of major urban centres such as Kinshasa, Lubumbashi and Kananga. The water catchment, production and distribution infrastructure will therefore have to be rehabilitated and/or developed. In the agricultural area, the major challenge is for DRC to ensure food security in the long term despite changing weather conditions. The Democratic Republic of Congo is a totally land-locked country with a few km-long coastline along the Atlantic Ocean; it is limited to the west by the Kabinda District of Angola and the Republic of Congo, to the north, by the Central African Republic and Sudan, to the east, by Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania, and to the south, by Zambia and Angola. It extends over a total area of about 2,350,000 square km. In Africa, only Sudan and Algeria have a larger territory than DRC. DRC’s territory stretches between Latitude 5°30' North and Latitude 13°50' South and one-third of the country area is located north of the Equator. DRC offers an exceptionally great diversity of biomes, ecosystems, habitats including notably dry rainforests or Muhulu, open woodland forests or Miombo, the full savannah range as well as cloud and gallery forests. A vast network of protected areas representing about 8% of the national territory preserve this variety of ecosystems.The country’s landscape is dominated by the world’s second largest area of tropical rainforest—which stores 8 per cent of global forest carbon—as well as mountainous terraces, plateaus, savannahs, grasslands and mountains. Although incredibly rich in natural resources such as timber, energy, minerals and gemstones, the DRC is presently ranked 168 out of 169 on the UNDP’s Human Development Index. DRC is one of the most populated countries in Africa with an estimated population of 52,100,000 inhabitants in 1999 growing at a rate of about 3%. Worsening socio-economic conditions, political instability and civil war have contributed to increased migration from the rural areas towards the cities. About 70 per cent of the economy is informal, and dominated by rural sectors; industrial development remains embryonic. Per capita GDP in 2008 was US$182. There is an enormous legacy of conflict in the country due to the Second Congo War (1998 to 2003). Insecurity persists in the east of the country and continues to cause the loss of human life and limit development efforts. Substantial environmental damage and degradation has been one of many results of the country’s past and present conflicts.

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Civil Society Engagement

Supporting Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to advance their NAP Process

Status of assistance to DRC for their NAP process

  • A request from the Government of DR Congo was received by NAP-GSP, to support the development of a programmatic approach to adaptation, including through adaptation planning processes. A mission took place from 21-30 October 2016, to consult stakeholders on adaptation priorities and key activities to advance the NAP process. As a result of the mission, a stocktaking report was developed by NAP-GSP on the degree of integration of CCA into budgeting and planning processes at all level (national, sectoral, local). The stocktaking report has also identified the most urgent adaptation needs and the underlying strategic actions needed to implement them.
  • The Ministry of Environment, Conservation of Nature and Tourism (MECNT), through its Directorate for Sustainable Development (DDD), requested support from the NAP-GSP in 2014 to launch the NAP process in the DRC. Following a support mission in October 2014, which facilitated a national stakeholder consultation, the Government adopted a NAP roadmap to advance the NAP process in the DR Congo.
  • A National Adaptation Plan awareness and mobilization workshop was held in Kinshasa,  DRC from 1 to 3 October, 2014. The workshop was led by the Government of DRC, and organised by the national NAP team with support from the UNDP Country Office and NAP-GSP. Technical support was provided by  UNDP and GIZ. 
  • A National Adaptation Plan awareness and mobilization workshop was held in Kinshasa,  DRC from 1 to 3 October, 2014. The workshop was led by the Government of DRC, and organised by the national NAP team with support from the UNDP Country Office and NAP-GSP. Technical support was provided by  UNDP and GIZ. 

> More on the NAP Workshop in DRC

  • A delegation from DRC attended the NAP-GSP Training Workshop for African Francophone countries in Addis Ababa in April 2014. Following this regional workshop, the NAP Focal Point, Jean Ndembo, and the DRC participants to the workshop, with support of UNDP, continued preparing to launch their NAP process and requested support from the NAP-GSP for a national workshop.
  • DRC is also embarking on the development of its 'Vision 2035' Strategy with the expert support of UNDP. Vision 2035 will consider aspects of climate change adaptation. It was proposed that the NAP could build on Vision 2035 and that the NAP-GSP could help identify political entry-points for long term adaptation planning through Vision 2015.
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (15.336914047514 -4.3740168934676)
Funding Source: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

DRC NAP Training Workshop

The DRC National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Training Workshop took place from 1-3 October 2014 at the Cercle Elaïs in Kinshasa, DRC. The meeting was organized and led by the Government of DRC with support from NAP-GSP, the UNDP Country Office and GWP. Additional support was provided by GIZ.


Click the links below to access resources, presentations and information about the DRC NAP Training Workshop:

> PowerPoint presentations 

 

The DRC NAP Training Workshop was an opportunity to plan and develop sectoral activities to support longer term adaptation planning. It also facilitated stakeholder dialogue to determine the appropriate institutional arrangements for the implementation of the NAP process. An important objective was to engage political decision makers and policy makers at the very start of the NAP process in DRC. Approximately 50 participants attended the workshop from the Min. of Environment, Min. of Finance, Min. of Agriculture, Min. of Planning, Min. of Health, Min. of Budget, Min. of water and Electricity resources, Min. of Home Affairs, Min. of Gender, Min. of Transport, METTELSAT (Meteorological institute), Civil Society, University of Kinshasa, UNEP, African Model Forests Network, AfDB and WB. During the workshop, key stakeholders made presentations on the context of the NAP in the DRC and presented relevant activities, initiatives and findings. Specific technical presentations were delivered by NAP-GSP collaborating partners GIZ on vulnerability assessments and M&E, and by UNDP on appraising adaptation options and climate scenarios. The participants were also trained on the UNFCCC/LEG Technical Guidelines and discussed their implementation in working groups. On the last day of the workshop, the participants gathered in working groups to draft a roadmap for the NAP process for DRC.

News and Updates: 

 NAP launch kick starts longer-term, integrated adaptation planning in DRC

5 October 2014, Kinshasa,  Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC):National Adaptation Plan awareness and mobilization workshop was held at the Cercle Elaïs in Kinshasa,  DRC from 1 to 3 October, 2014. The workshop was was led by the Government of DRC, and organised by the national NAP team with support from the UNDP Country Office and NAP-GSP. Technical support was provided by  UNDP and GIZ. 
 
At the workshop opening session, Etienne de Sousa, Team Leader Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development, UNDP CO said; "The issues and challenges of climate change compel us to go beyond current efforts and to consider medium and long term approaches. It is imperative that adaptation be integrated into sectoral and/or local development plans. This is why a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) will be formulated. This workshop is an opportunity to build a base for inter-sectoral dialogue and to agree upon the type of mechanism and measures which should be put in place to foster enhanced resilience to climate change impacts and natural disasters."
 
Mr Katsuva, Representative of the Secretary General of the Ministry of Environment, said: "The NAP process will pave the way for climate change integration into development plans, both at national and provincial levels, and will further define a multisectoral framework to coordinate adaptation actions in our country".


The overall objective of the workshop was to assist the Congolese government to sensitize and mobilize stakeholders in the NAP process. 
The specific objectives were to: 
  • Improve understanding of the PNA process according to the technical guidelines of the UNFCCC / LEG for the NAP process; 
  • Discuss lessons learned from initiatives to integrate climate change and others, for example through the NAPA; 
  • Discuss potential entry points for the NAP process in the DRC taking into account the political economy, the existing processes for policy, planning, strategy and budgeting and relevant projects and programs; 
  • Identify the technical and institutional needs and priorities to support the integration of adaptation to climate change in the medium and long term planning and national and subnational existing processes; 
  • Establish a roadmap that will guide the next steps in the implementation of the NAP for DRC
During the mission to DRC, the NAP-GSP team also identified specific needs and gaps in capabilities related to the advancement of NAP process in the DRC, towards the formulation of a NAP road map.
 
Following the NAP-GSP Training Worshop for African Francophone countries in Addis Ababa in April 2014, which was atended by a deligation from the DRC, a small DRC working group was set up to prepare the formulation of the NAP for the DRC. 
 
The DRC NAP Training Workshop was an opportunity to plan and develop sectoral activities to support longer term adaptation planning. It also facilitated stakeholder dialogue to determine the appropriate institutional arrangements for the implementation of the NAP process. An important objective was to engage political decision makers and policy makers at the very start of the NAP process in DRC. Approximately 50 participants attended the workshop from the Min. of Environment, Min. of Finance, Min. of Agriculture, Min. of Planning, Min. of Health, Min. of Budget, Min. of water and Electricity resources, Min. of Home Affairs, Min. of Gender, Min. of Transport, METTELSAT (Meteorological institute), Civil Society, University of Kinshasa, UNEP, African Model Forests Network, AfDB and WB. Technical and Financial Partner representatives attended from UNDP, FAO, USAID, BM, ADB, GIZ, WHO and IFAD.

During the workshop, key stakeholders made presentations on the context of the NAP in the DRC and presented relevant activities, initiatives and findings. Specific technical presentations were delivered by NAP-GSP collaborating partners GIZ on vulnerability assessments and M&E, and by UNDP on appraising adaptation options and climate scenarios. The participants were also trained on the UNFCCC/LEG Technical Guidelines and discussed their implementation in working groups. On the last day of the workshop, the participants gathered in working groups to draft a roadmap for the NAP process for DRC.
 
The NAP process is building on achievements and lessons learned from previous adaptation initiatives implemented, including the economics of adaptation initiative. Representatives from the Interdepartmental Group on the Economics of Adaptation attended the NAP workshop, comprising 16 people from the Department of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Tourism, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Khonde Makoso,  Ministry of Water Resources and Electricity, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Ministry of Health, Dept. of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Dept. of Humanitarian Action, and Dept. of Gender, Women, Family and Children.

 

Information in French / Informations en français: 

Etat de l'appui au processus PNA de la RDC

  • Un atelier national de sensibilisation et de formation s'est tenu à Kinshasa, RDC; du 1er au 3 octobre 2014. L'atelier était conduit par le Gouvernement de la RDC et organisé par l'équipe du PNA au niveau national avec l'appui du bureau pays du PNUD et le PAG-PNA. L'appui technique était également fourni par le PNUD et la GIZ.
  • 50 participants ont participé à cet atelier et représentaient les ministères de l'Environnement, des Finances, de l'Agriculture, du Plan, de la Santé, du Budget, des ressources hydrauliques et énergétiques, de l'Intérieur, du Genre, des transports, la METTELSAT, la société civile, l'Université de Kinshasa, le PNUE, le Réseau africains des forêts modèles, la BAD et la BM.
  • Au cours de l'atelier, les principales parties prenantes ont présenté le contexte du PNA aux Comores ainsi que les activités, initiatives et informations pertinentes pour le processus PNA. Des présentations techniques spécifiques ont été fournies par des collaborateurs du PAG-PNA, la GIZ, sur l'évaluation de la vulnérabilité et le suivi)évaluation, et par le PNUD sur l'examen des options d'adaptations et les scénarios climatiques.
  • Les participants ont pu être formés sur les Directives techniques de la CCNUCCC/LEG et ont discuté de leur mise en application pratique dans des groupes de travail.  Lors du dernier jour de l'atelier, les participants ont travaillé sur une ébauche de feuille de route pour le processus PNA aux Comores en groupes de travail.
  • Une délégation de la RDC a participé à l'atelier de formation PAG-PNA pour les pays francophones d'Afrique qui a eu lieu à Addis Abeba en avril  2014. Suite à l'atelir régional, le point focal PNA, Jean Ndembo, et les participants de la RDC à l'atelier, avec l'appui du PNUD, ont continué à préparé le lancement de leur processus PNA et ont demandé l'appui du PAG-PNA puor un atelier national.
  • La DRC est aussi en train de développer sa Stratégie "Vision 2035" avec l'appui du PNUD. La Vision 2035 tiendra compte des aspects liés à l'adaptation aux changements climatiques. Il est suggéré que le PNA fasse le lien avec le processus de la Vision 2035 et que le PAG-PBA aide à identifier des points d'entrée politiques potentiels ppur ue planification de l'adaptation à long terme à travers la Vision 2035.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo – LDCF Project on resilience of Women and Children Project Identification Form

 

Project Identification Form (PIF) for the project titled “Building the Adaptation Ability and Resilience of Women and Children to Changing Climate in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.”

Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience of Women and Children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change and its effects on rainfall patterns and temperatures are exacerbating the vulnerability of rural communities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Women in particular, who represent 60% of agricultural labourers and 73% of farmers, and produce 80% of food crops for household consumption, are at risk. Several dynamics make their adaptation more difficult such as lack of access to formal education, economic poverty, food insecurity, limited access to resources, etc. These inequalities increase women’s vulnerability to harmful climate change impacts while limiting their options for coping and adaptation. 

The GEF-LDCF funded project, Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience of Women and Children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, seeks to support women and children through a community-centred approach to adopt and adapt livelihood strategies in innovative ways based on current and future climate changes scenarios. 

Photos: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (23.8183593597 -5.24412756697)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
The women and children of the rural communities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$4,725,000
Co-Financing Total: 
$15,500,000
Project Details: 

More Information to come...

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The project has two main components with the following outcomes –

  1. Climate resilient diversification practices to secure communities livelihoods including the development of profitable climate resilient alternative livelihoods involving aquaculture, livestock and agriculture products by women groups to increase sources of revenue and improve family nutrition (Outcome 1.1); Installation of at least 200 unsophisticated food processing units (oil presses, presses and grated cassava, husking machines and millers, etc.) and fish conservation units by women's groups (Outcome 1.2); Production and distribution of certified adapted varieties of  at least 400 seeds multipliers through support of 50 women groups (Outcome 1.3);  Provision of 4 automated agro-meteorological stations and 400 rain-gauge for tailored agro-meteorological information (Outcome 1.4) and; Installation of small scale water saving technologies and distribution systems in high climate risks zone (Outcome 1.5)
  2. Development of key capacities for undertaking climate resilient activities including training and engagement of women's groups in food processing, processing technology, maintenance of units, rural finance, marketing and organization strategies (Outcome 2.1); Engagement of women’s groups in adapted seeds production and diversification, soil fertility and water management activities (Outcome 2.2); Extending support to nearly 10 rural radio stations and 100 community volunteers as well as producers and staffs from extension services to analyse, interpret, produce and disseminate climate and weather information (Outcome 2.3) and; Establishment of community learning mechanisms through website, technical papers, video, technical forums, and other relevant media/social networks (Outcome 2.4).
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

More Information to come...

Contacts: 
UNDP
Mame Diop
Regional Technical Advisor
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

More Information to come...

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Democratic Republic of the Congo – LDCF Project Identification Form

 

Project Identification Form (PIF) for the project titled “Building the resilience of Muanda’s communities from coastal erosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.”

Building resilience of Muanda’s communities from coastal erosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo’s coastal zone stretches 40 km and comprises of the towns of Muanda, Banana and Nsiamfumu. The problem of coastal erosion has intensified since 1980 with significant retreat of the coast in the Banana-Muanda segment, this retreat has been estimated as much as 2,300 meters. In the future, the DRC can expect to see its territory reduced from 50-100 m on its coastal area.

In order to address this problem in its entirety, this UNDP-supported project in Muanda aims to address the root causes of information gaps, lack of technical knowledge to effectively support communities to identify, plan, design and implement adaptation options. The project has two main components, which will employ resources to support coastal management planning process (Outcome 1) and implement urgent and immediate adaptation measures in the most vulnerable coastal communities of Muanda (Outcome 2).

Photos: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Thematic Area: 
Coordinates: 
GEOMETRYCOLLECTION (POINT (23.2031249919 -5.33164414607), POINT (24.1699218668 -6.20609049118), POINT (24.1699218668 -6.20609049118), POINT (24.3457031168 -6.38081232454))
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Coastal communities in the city of Muanda
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$5,863,725
Co-Financing Total: 
$16,500,000
Project Details: 

 

 

(More Information to come)

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

 

The project has two main components with the following outcomes –

  1. Integration of climate risks information into relevant planning policies through the mapping of climate change induced coastal erosion risk profile (Outcome 1.1); Development of guidelines and roadmap for the inclusion and the provision of climate smart finance into Muanda Urban development Plan (Outcome 1.2); Dissemination of knowledge and the design of an effective communication strategy to enhance understanding of climate change risks in the coastal zone, associated adaptation options costs/benefits, supporting policy planning policy process and sharing results and lessons generated from interventions made through this initiative (Outcome 1.3)
  2. Investment in coastal defence and monitoring including establishment of a climate risk monitoring system o monitor/record real-time coastal erosion/sea level rise observations and to support the development of an Early Warning System (EWS) of coastal risk for local coastal communities (Outcome 2.1); The pilot of a menu of “soft” (re-vegetation, land planning, etc.) and “hard” adaptation measures (composite beach revetments, off shore breakwater, etc.) to stabilize cliffs, secure the operations of docking and unloading of fishing and minimise losses (Outcome 2.2); Implementation of small-scale community-based adaptation initiatives among the Youth and Womens’ Association in Muanda focused on developing alternative climate resilient livelihood opportunities (Outcome 2.3).
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

 

(More Information to come)

Contacts: 
UNDP
Mame Diop
Regional Technical Advisor
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

(More Information to come)