Democratic Republic of the Congo

Like most African countries, the Democratic Republic of Congo is in the process of implementing the United Nations Framework Agreement on Climate change. Within the framework of its Initial National Communication, it has undertaken studies on the country’s vulnerability and adaptation strategy in priority areas such as water resources, agriculture and coastline. The country’s objective in terms of water resources is mainly to ensure correct water supply to the populations of major urban centres such as Kinshasa, Lubumbashi and Kananga. The water catchment, production and distribution infrastructure will therefore have to be rehabilitated and/or developed. In the agricultural area, the major challenge is for DRC to ensure food security in the long term despite changing weather conditions. The Democratic Republic of Congo is a totally land-locked country with a few km-long coastline along the Atlantic Ocean; it is limited to the west by the Kabinda District of Angola and the Republic of Congo, to the north, by the Central African Republic and Sudan, to the east, by Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania, and to the south, by Zambia and Angola. It extends over a total area of about 2,350,000 square km. In Africa, only Sudan and Algeria have a larger territory than DRC. DRC’s territory stretches between Latitude 5°30' North and Latitude 13°50' South and one-third of the country area is located north of the Equator. DRC offers an exceptionally great diversity of biomes, ecosystems, habitats including notably dry rainforests or Muhulu, open woodland forests or Miombo, the full savannah range as well as cloud and gallery forests. A vast network of protected areas representing about 8% of the national territory preserve this variety of ecosystems.The country’s landscape is dominated by the world’s second largest area of tropical rainforest—which stores 8 per cent of global forest carbon—as well as mountainous terraces, plateaus, savannahs, grasslands and mountains. Although incredibly rich in natural resources such as timber, energy, minerals and gemstones, the DRC is presently ranked 168 out of 169 on the UNDP’s Human Development Index. DRC is one of the most populated countries in Africa with an estimated population of 52,100,000 inhabitants in 1999 growing at a rate of about 3%. Worsening socio-economic conditions, political instability and civil war have contributed to increased migration from the rural areas towards the cities. About 70 per cent of the economy is informal, and dominated by rural sectors; industrial development remains embryonic. Per capita GDP in 2008 was US$182. There is an enormous legacy of conflict in the country due to the Second Congo War (1998 to 2003). Insecurity persists in the east of the country and continues to cause the loss of human life and limit development efforts. Substantial environmental damage and degradation has been one of many results of the country’s past and present conflicts.

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National Adaptation Plans in focus: Lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This country briefing on the process to formulate and implement National Adaptation Plans in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) considers firstly the country context and the climate change risks. The groundwork for supporting NAPs is reviewed, covering the policy, planning and budgetary framework, priority adaptation sectors in the NDC, climate assessments, the implementation of adaptation actions and plans thus far. The briefing contains a timeline of the process to formulate and implement NAPs in the DRC. Challenges, successes and opportunities are also discussed.

National Adaptation Plans Readiness in Democratic Republic of the Congo

The “National Adaptation Plans Readiness in Democratic Republic of the Congo” support grant from the Green Climate Fund will provide resources for readiness and preparatory activities and technical assistance to build capacity to undertake GCF-related activities and develop a strategic framework for engagement with GCF.  

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is endowed with enormous natural resources potential that could drive its economic development and the continent’s growth. It also has favorable climatic and geological conditions and an extensive network of rivers including the River Congo. Yet, it was ranked as the poorest nation in the world in 2013.

The newly created Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development – where the Nationally Designated Authority (NDA) is hosted – lacks both human and financial capacity. The Ministry’s staffs lack relevant technical and operational skills, making it difficult to effectively engage with the GCF. The readiness grant will support stakeholder engagement across the country and DRC’s efforts to plan for climate change impacts and align on-going development processes for the National Adaptation Programme (NAP), Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA), and Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) with the GCF’s investment criteria.

Through the grant, the DRC expects to see the capacity of its NDA strengthened to carry out GCF-related tasks and a smooth engagement with the GCF arising from the implementation of the country programme to be developed as a result of this support.

Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
POINT (22.055590120037 -4.093518537273)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$1,270,000 GCF grant
Project Details: 

The DRC is the second largest country in Africa (almost two-third the size of Western Europe) with a landmass of 2,344,799 It is endowed with enormous natural resources potential that could drive its economic development and the continent’s growth. The country has more than 130 million hectares, including 11 million ha of forest making up 10% of global tropical forest. Only about 3% of its landmass is hither to exploited. It also has favourable climatic and geological conditions (making it possible to harvest 3-4 crops annually) and an extensive network of rivers including the River Congo (2nd in the world in terms of flow rate, which helped build the powerful Inga hydropower dam). DRC has over 1,100 minerals and precious metals.

Yet, it was ranked as the poorest nation in the world in 2013, with a GDP per capita on a purchasing power parity basis of less than US$400. Also, it remains a fragile state that is slowly recovering from over two decades of political and economic instability. It also continues to face rebellions, which threaten its institutions and the population’s security. DRC’s main challenge is to lift itself out of its fragile situation and rise to a new level of development commensurate with its potential.

The country also has a high rate of deforestation – within the top ten in the world. Most of this loss of forest cover is due to family/small-scale farming for energy needs. CO2 emissions nationally are around 3 million metric tons per year, equating to around 0.04 metric tons per person. Between 1960 and 2010 the population of DRC more than tripled to 64 million people. Approximately 70% of this population rely on agriculture for their nutrition and livelihoods, but only around 7% of the country’s area, mostly around cities, is cultivated or has livestock.

Due to climate change, temperatures are set to increase between 1 and 3 degrees Celsius. Changing temperatures are likely to have a detrimental impact of human health, especially by changing the geographical distribution of diseases. Additionally, malaria incidence is expected to rise. The national adaptation capacity will need to increase significantly to absorb these changes.

Rainfall changes are less certain – models predict both increases and decreases in different parts of the country. Models do agree, however, that crop yields will increase in some areas of the country, such as Kivu and decrease in others, like Bandundu. Water scarcity is not an issue for the DRC, due to substantial existing resources, however people’s access to this water is an ongoing problem. Heavy rains are causing erosion and are damaging infrastructure and settlements.

The Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index ranked DRC as 161st out of 180 countries in terms of vulnerability at second to worst (183rd out of 184th) with regard to readiness.

Previous engagement with GCF

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been actively engaged with the GCF from its inception, starting from the nomination of an alternative member of the GCF Board from DRC. The country then appointed a Focal Point on 18 August 2014. Later on, a National Coordination Team for the Green Climate Fund, within the Ministry of Environment, Natural Conservation and Tourism was nominated as National Designated Authority (NDA) for DRC (11 April 2015).

The DRC has actively been engaging the GCF since the designation of the FP in various ways (meetings in the margins of the COP in Lima, emails, skype calls, etc.).

As one of the first REDD+ target countries, due its huge forest ecosystem potential, DRC has been implementing REDD+ readiness activities and making pilot investments to mitigate some of the key drivers of deforestation and forest degradation since 2011.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: NDA capacity strengthened to undertake GCF-related responsibilities

1.1 Presentations or other climate and development-related information materials

1.2 Summaries of meetings of country coordination mechanism and multi-stakeholder engagement, including list of participants

1.3 Annual report on activities of the Fund and other relevant funding mechanisms and institutions in the country

1.4 Information materials on the operational procedures of the Fund in local languages (where relevant) and distribution lists of recipients

Outcome 2: Strategic framework for engagement with the GCF developed

2.1 Country programme, including elements provided in the Fund’s Initial Guidelines for Country Programme

2.2 Summaries of meetings of multi-stakeholder engagement, including list of participants

Julie Teng
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Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1: NDA capacity strengthened to undertake GCF-related responsibilities

Outcome 2: Strategic framework for engagement with the GCF developed

Project Dates: 
2018 to 2020


Thematic Area: 
Civil Society Engagement

Supporting Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to advance their NAP Process

Time Line
October 2014
Workshop held in the capital, Kinshasa, to identify potential entry points for the NAP process
January 2015
The NAP roadmap was approved and inception workshop for the NAP process was held
November 2016 
The NAP Stocktaking Report, produced after a consultation mission in the DRC in October 2016, was approved by a wide range of stakeholders
January 2018
The GCF approved the DRC NAP Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal, “Medium term investment planning for adaptation in climate sensitive sectors in the Democratic Republic of Congo : Advancing the NAP process”
August 2018 (planned)
Inception workshop of the “Medium term investment planning for adaptation in climate sensitive sectors in the Democratic Republic of Congo : Advancing the NAP process” project
Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement
The DRC is the second largest country in Africa with four different climatic zones, each of which will be affected by climate change in myriad ways. Increasing rainfall and droughts will hamper agricultural productivity as well as the hydropower industry, both of which are key to the country’s economy.  Whereas heavier rainfall will cause floods, landslides and foster waterborne diseases, which will likely claim human lives.
The DRC has worked on addressing its vulnerabilities to climate change for a number of years. In 2006 the country developed a National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) which listed a number of priority adaptation projects, some of which have now been implemented. In 2015 they submitted their NDC to the Paris Agreement which contained certain adaptation commitments, specifically; the protection of rural and urban communities’ livelihoods; improved forest resource management; and the protection and preservation of ecosystems in coastal areas. It also adopted a comprehensive policy and action plan, the “2016-2020 National Climate Change Policy, Strategy and Action Plan (PSPA-CC)”. It was developed to align with DRC’s vision of cutting emissions by 17% by the year 2030, focusing both on mitigation and adaptation priorities.
More recently, the National Strategic Plan for Development (PNSD) has been enacted as the country’s overarching development strategy, covering the period 2017-2050. It offers an opportunity to integrate the adaptation priorities identified in the NDC as well as climate-relevant SDGs, into the plans and budgets of each economic sector.
How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?


Organised a NAP awareness and mobilization workshop


In Kinshasa, from 1 – 3 October 2014. The workshop was held to improve the understanding of the NAP process, identify lessons learned from climate change and other mainstreaming initiatives, and identify potential entry points for the DRC NAP.


Conducted a mission from 21 – 30 October 2016

To consult stakeholders on adaptation priorities and key activities to advance the NAP process. A specific focus was of the mission was to understand the extent to which climate change adaptation was being integrated into budgeting and planning processes at all levels (national, sectoral, local).


Produced a Stocktaking Report


Identifying the findings of the mission and highlighting the most urgent adaptation needs and the underlying strategic actions needed to implement them. Highlights from the report can be found under the Project Details tab, and the Stocktaking Report itself can be located here.


Supported the development of a funding proposal to the GCF on adaptation planning


The project was approved in February 2018 and will aim to advance the adaptation planning process for priority climate sensitive sectors and regions in DRC. It consists of three outcomes: (1) The 2016-2020 PSPA-CC implementation is facilitated through the reinforcement of the legal and institutional framework and capacity building for climate change adaptation planning; (2) Climate change adaptation and development priorities are aligned and reflected in the PNSD, the PNIA and the PDPs of priority provinces; and (3) Financing options for adaptation investments in agriculture and rural development, health, land use planning and energy are identified with the support of the private sector.



Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
POINT (15.336914047514 -4.3740168934676)
Funding Source: 
Project Status: 
Information in French / Informations en français: 

Etat de l'appui au processus PNA de la RDC

  • Un atelier national de sensibilisation et de formation s'est tenu à Kinshasa, RDC; du 1er au 3 octobre 2014. L'atelier était conduit par le Gouvernement de la RDC et organisé par l'équipe du PNA au niveau national avec l'appui du bureau pays du PNUD et le PAG-PNA. L'appui technique était également fourni par le PNUD et la GIZ.
  • 50 participants ont participé à cet atelier et représentaient les ministères de l'Environnement, des Finances, de l'Agriculture, du Plan, de la Santé, du Budget, des ressources hydrauliques et énergétiques, de l'Intérieur, du Genre, des transports, la METTELSAT, la société civile, l'Université de Kinshasa, le PNUE, le Réseau africains des forêts modèles, la BAD et la BM.
  • Au cours de l'atelier, les principales parties prenantes ont présenté le contexte du PNA aux Comores ainsi que les activités, initiatives et informations pertinentes pour le processus PNA. Des présentations techniques spécifiques ont été fournies par des collaborateurs du PAG-PNA, la GIZ, sur l'évaluation de la vulnérabilité et le suivi)évaluation, et par le PNUD sur l'examen des options d'adaptations et les scénarios climatiques.
  • Les participants ont pu être formés sur les Directives techniques de la CCNUCCC/LEG et ont discuté de leur mise en application pratique dans des groupes de travail.  Lors du dernier jour de l'atelier, les participants ont travaillé sur une ébauche de feuille de route pour le processus PNA aux Comores en groupes de travail.
  • Une délégation de la RDC a participé à l'atelier de formation PAG-PNA pour les pays francophones d'Afrique qui a eu lieu à Addis Abeba en avril  2014. Suite à l'atelir régional, le point focal PNA, Jean Ndembo, et les participants de la RDC à l'atelier, avec l'appui du PNUD, ont continué à préparé le lancement de leur processus PNA et ont demandé l'appui du PAG-PNA puor un atelier national.
  • La DRC est aussi en train de développer sa Stratégie "Vision 2035" avec l'appui du PNUD. La Vision 2035 tiendra compte des aspects liés à l'adaptation aux changements climatiques. Il est suggéré que le PNA fasse le lien avec le processus de la Vision 2035 et que le PAG-PBA aide à identifier des points d'entrée politiques potentiels ppur ue planification de l'adaptation à long terme à travers la Vision 2035.

More NAP-GSP countries

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Democratic Republic of the Congo – LDCF Project on resilience of Women and Children Project Identification Form


Project Identification Form (PIF) for the project titled “Building the Adaptation Ability and Resilience of Women and Children to Changing Climate in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.”

Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience of Women and Children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change and its effects on rainfall patterns and temperatures are exacerbating the vulnerability of rural communities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Women in particular, who represent 60% of agricultural labourers and 73% of farmers, and produce 80% of food crops for household consumption, are at risk. Several dynamics make their adaptation more difficult such as lack of access to formal education, economic poverty, food insecurity, limited access to resources, etc. These inequalities increase women’s vulnerability to harmful climate change impacts while limiting their options for coping and adaptation. 

The GEF-LDCF funded project, Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience of Women and Children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, seeks to support women and children through a community-centred approach to adopt and adapt livelihood strategies in innovative ways based on current and future climate changes scenarios. 

Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
POINT (23.8183593597 -5.24412756697)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
The women and children of the rural communities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
Co-Financing Total: 
Project Details: 

More Information to come...

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The project has two main components with the following outcomes –

  1. Climate resilient diversification practices to secure communities livelihoods including the development of profitable climate resilient alternative livelihoods involving aquaculture, livestock and agriculture products by women groups to increase sources of revenue and improve family nutrition (Outcome 1.1); Installation of at least 200 unsophisticated food processing units (oil presses, presses and grated cassava, husking machines and millers, etc.) and fish conservation units by women's groups (Outcome 1.2); Production and distribution of certified adapted varieties of  at least 400 seeds multipliers through support of 50 women groups (Outcome 1.3);  Provision of 4 automated agro-meteorological stations and 400 rain-gauge for tailored agro-meteorological information (Outcome 1.4) and; Installation of small scale water saving technologies and distribution systems in high climate risks zone (Outcome 1.5)
  2. Development of key capacities for undertaking climate resilient activities including training and engagement of women's groups in food processing, processing technology, maintenance of units, rural finance, marketing and organization strategies (Outcome 2.1); Engagement of women’s groups in adapted seeds production and diversification, soil fertility and water management activities (Outcome 2.2); Extending support to nearly 10 rural radio stations and 100 community volunteers as well as producers and staffs from extension services to analyse, interpret, produce and disseminate climate and weather information (Outcome 2.3) and; Establishment of community learning mechanisms through website, technical papers, video, technical forums, and other relevant media/social networks (Outcome 2.4).
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

More Information to come...

Mame Diop
Regional Technical Advisor
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

More Information to come...

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