Nepal

 

Adaptation aspects in major sectors like forestry, agriculture, water resources and health are presented in Nepal's National Communication of 2004. Adaptation measure to Climate Change could be approached by intensifying the conservation of drought resistant crop varieties by improving cropping practices to conserve water; and by promoting crop diversification. Several aspects of the vulnerability and impact analysis in agriculture sector can also be improved, for example, development of improved climate scenarios, development of more suitable crop models, and search for alternative analytical approaches.

Nepal is a small landlocked mountainous country located between the world's two most populous countries: China to the north and India to the east, west and south, with a total land area of 147,181 square kilometers. The elevation of the country increases from about 60 meters in the south to 8848 meters in the north at the peak of Mt. Everest. Nepal receives major portion of rainfall during summer monsoon from June to September.

 

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Project Steering Committee Minutes

The meeting was held on 12 January 2017 at MoAD meeting Hall.

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Nepal

Small scale subsistence agriculture employs 78 percent of Nepal’s workforce, with the agriculture sector as a whole contributing to 34.3 percent of country’s GDP. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency of floods and droughts and therefore food vulnerability of the already 3.4 million food insecure people living in Nepal.

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$1,000,000

Multi-sectoral collaboration is essential for national adaptation – Lekha Nath Acharya, Nepal

Mr. Lekha Nath Acharya, who works as a Joint Secretary for the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Nepal, shares in this video his views about the importance of integrating the agriculture sectors in the country’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP).
Nepal is a mountainous and land-locked country, where agriculture sectors are very important as employers and sources of the gross domestic product. Nepal is also highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. Especially women and children are vulnerable groups.

Project Details: 

Nepal is a landlocked, mountainous country located in the Himalayas between India and China in South Asia. Despite its small size, Nepal is characterized by diverse climatic conditions. The majority of the country’s 23 million inhabitants live in rural areas. Small scale subsistence agriculture employs 78% of the country’s workforce, with the agriculture sector as a whole contributing to 34.3 percent of Nepal’s GDP.

Various climate change scenarios have indicated that warming, particularly at high elevations, will lead to reduction in snow and ice coverage. This, in turn, will increase the frequency of floods and droughts which is likely to increase the food vulnerability of the already 3.4 million food insecure people in Nepal. . Other reported climate related issues have included growing threats from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs), disappearing forests in some areas; invasion of exotic species, disease outbreaks, threats to biodiversity and sharp sustained declines in food security.  As a result agricultural production and rural livelihoods are at risk.  With low literacy rates, wide spread poverty and a high dependency on natural resources there is a limited capacity in Nepal to adapt to future climate change risks (World Bank 2011).

UNDP and FAO are supporting farming communities in Nepal identify and implement adaptation strategies through the Integrating Agriculture Into NAPs initiative. This entails:

  • Supporting the Ministry of Agricultural Development to mainstream and operationalize climate adaptation into the Agricultural Development Strategy and related Programmes
  • Enhancing economic appraisal of adaptation measures and linking this to budgeting prioritisation efforts
  • Building participatory monitoring and evaluation capacity at local level with relevant agricultural agencies and decentralized authorities
  • Undertaking demonstration projects with farmers and developing case studies to feed into NAP process

This work is being undertaken in the context of Nepal’s Agricultural Development Strategy as well as its Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management in Agriculture – Priority Framework for Action 2011- 2020.

Contacts: 
Rohini Kohli
Ms
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News and Updates: 

Nepal launches NAP-Agriculture programme to minimize climate change impacts on agriculture

According to a 2015 study, the impact of climate change on Nepal’s agriculture is likely to reduce GDP by about 0.8 per cent per year in 2050. Amongst other things, this will come from more intense and frequent droughts that can damage crops and reduce yields. The cumulative impact of the losses in the agriculture sector would be a GDP lower by 13% than it would otherwise have been.
 
Agriculture Sectors: Local Climate Impacts by Ms. Ramila Bhandari, Section Officer at MoFALD  
 
The challenge now is that despite having the mandate to lead local adaptation efforts, both the capacity and resources of local governments for planning and implementing climate-smart agricultural practices are low. 
 
Wednesday 9th August 2017
 
 

Nepal - Government investment in climate change paying off, say reports

Investment made by the government to help Nepali farmers adapt to climate change is having a positive impact on the income level of farmers, according to recent studies by the Ministry of Agriculture Development, National Disaster Risk Reduction Centre, Freedom Forum and UNDP.

The Himalayan Times
Monday 7 August 2017

Nepal launches new project to minimize climate change impacts on agriculture

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About (Summary): 
Small scale subsistence agriculture employs 78 percent of Nepal’s workforce, with the agriculture sector as a whole contributing to 34.3 percent of country’s GDP. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency of floods and droughts and therefore food vulnerability of the already 3.4 million food insecure people living in Nepal.

EbA planning in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (2015)

Abstract: As part of numerous efforts on adapting to climate change in Nepal, an approach of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) is being demonstrated in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (PMER). Partners under the project entitled Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Mountain Ecosystems in Nepal have been implementing activities to reduce vulnerability of the PMER to climate change and enhance resilient capacity of communities and ecosystems in the region to cope with adverse impacts of climate change already being witnessed.

Mt EbA Nepal Vulnerability & Impact Assessment of Panchase Region (2015)

This report is a presentation of the tools and methods of a vulnerability and impacts assessment (VIA) of both climatic and non-climatic changes on ecosystem services and community livelihoods in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (PMER), which is the Nepal project site for the Global Mountain EbA Programme.

BROCHURE NEPAL Mt EbA Programme 2 (Min of Forests and Soil Cons & UNDP Nepal)

This brochure provides and overview of the Nepal pilot project (including objectives, envisioned outcomes, components and project area) under the global Mountain EbA Programme.

Min of Forests and Soil Cons & UNDP Nepal (2014) Mt EbA Baseline & Socio-Econ Survey

This report provides a baseline and socio-economic survey of the project area under the Mountain EBA Programme in Nepal. It was commissioned by the Department of Forestry (Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation) and UNDP Nepal and carried out by GENESIS Consultancy and Green Governance Nepal.

BROCHURE Ecosystem Services (Min of Forests and Soil Cons & UNDP Nepal Mt EbA)

This brochure provides an overview of what ecosystem services are, along with an explanation of its different sub-categories (provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services). It also touches upon the issue of ecosystem trade-offs. The brochure was produced by the Department of Forestry (Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation) and UNDP Nepal under the Mountain EBA Programme in Nepal.