Indonesia

As an archipelago nation located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, Indonesia consists of 17,508 islands stretches near the equator from a latitude of 06°08N to 11°15S, and a longitude of 94°45E to 141°05E. It includes 3.1 million km2 (or 62 per cent) of territorial waters, almost 2 million km2 (or 38 per cent) of land, and 81,000 km of coastline. The country is divided into 27 provinces, 243 districts, 62 municipals, 3844 sub-districts, and 65,852 villages. With a population of over 245 million people, it has the second highest population in the region and fourth in the world (CIA, 2011). Its human development ranking of 108 of 169 (UNDP, 2010) places it in the middle of the group for the region. The country’s 54,000 kilometers of coastline and over 17,500 islands makes the country particularly vulnerable to climate change effects such as sea level rise. As well, concern over water resources and extreme weather events has grown in frequency in recent years (USDS, 2010).

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Datasets: Economics of Climate Change Adaptation

The datasets contained on this page were collected through the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Programme (ECCA), 2013-2015.

Household surveys were conducted in various countries as part of the ECCA Programme and were made available here for download and analysis.

Data Collection and Sampling Methods: 

The questionnaire was first translated into the local language and tested twice with local farmers. The data were collected in 2014 by a national team. Information collected in the questionnaire included the following:

  1. Past experience on climate change, communications and adaptation response. Interviewees were asked about their perception about climate change and current sources of weather information.
  2. Detailed farming area information. The survey collected information on farm planting area, fallow land area, and the division of the plots by crops and other livelihood by the household.
  3. Household information. Detailed information on household members, gender and basic infrastructure availability. Data were also collected on the primary and secondary occupation of the head of the households.
  4. Data required to calculate the farmer’s net revenue based on ongoing agriculture practices (crop and livestock). Data were collected on labour available to the household, type of crops grown including by growing season, prices as well as input costs including cost and quantity of fertilizer, irrigation, and machinery. Similar information was collected for livestock farmers.
  5. Global Positioning System (GPS) locations. Location is important when analysing climate impacts so information on the latitude and longitude of farms was collected.
  6. Information on extension services. Detailed information was provided by private extension groups, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), central government agencies, cooperatives and local government to be able to elicit potential policy tools available to support adaptation.
Datasets: 
ECCA Bangladesh
A total of 360 farm households were interviewed for this study drawn from 7 provinces. Of the sampled households, 87% practised irrigated agriculture while 13% relied on non-irrigated (rainfed) agriculture. Interviewed farmers on average own 7.10 acres of land in total, with those practicing rainfed farming owning larger parcels (average 8.99 acres) relative to those practicing irrigated farming (average 6.81 acres).
ECCA Indonesia
The data collection was conducted in Brantas River Basin in East Java district as agriculture center in Indonesia, particularly in villages in Batu City (> 100 m above sea level) and Mojokerto District (< 45 m above sea level). In each location, 100 farm households were interviewed based on purposive sampling by using size of farmland as selection criteria. The households in the survey reported having about 27 years of farming experience ranging from 1 to 70 years. The average household size is 4, ranging from 1 to 13. The heads of household have an average of 9 years of education with access to electricity by almost all the households. In terms of access to information and telecommunication technology, the majority (68%) of the respondents have a telephone, although only 32% have a computer and 20% have access to the Internet.
ECCA Sri Lanka
Three hundred and twenty-one households were interviewed spanning the agro-ecological zones of the country. About 40% of the sample is from the Central Province of the country while the rest are distributed across the other provinces including the North west and Uva provinces that are about 14% of the sample. The majority of the households in the survey reported having about 20 years of farming experience, with a minimum of four years and a maximum of 60 years. On average, each household consisted of five people (minimum four, max 16) with 10 years of education. The majority (88 percent) of the respondents owned a telephone, while 33 percent had a computer, 18 percent of which had access to the Internet.
ECCA Thailand
A total of 395 farm households were interviewed, drawn from 18 provinces. Of the sampled households, 58% practised irrigated agriculture while 42% relied on non-irrigated (rainfed) agriculture. Interviewed farmers on average own 15.18 acres of land in total, with those practicing irrigated farming owning larger parcels (average 18.89 acres) relative to those practicing rainfed farming (average 10.26 acres).
ECCA Viet Nam
Survey locations were selected to cover each of the ago-ecological zones present across Viet Nam in the context of agriculture production. In each location, the Viet Nam country team surveyed 18 households, with a total of 342 surveyed households. Out of the 342 surveyed households, the team obtained 323 usable questionnaires, of which 306 cover households with cultivation activities. The households in the survey have about 27 years of farming experience ranging from one year to 60 years. The average household size is 4, ranging from 1 to 13. The heads of household have an average of 7.5 years of education with access to electricity by almost all the households. In terms of access to information and telecommunication technology, the majority (96 per cent) of the respondents have a telephone, although only 20 per cent have a computer and 15 per cent have access to the Internet. On average, the respondents owned 7.4 acres of land (2.96 ha) with the majority of planted crops in two seasons, while a few planted all the three seasons. The average annual planted area across the three seasons is 5.5 acres (Figure 11), with 2 acres left fallow, on average. A third of the farmers have less than 2 acres of planted area, while nearly 15 per cent of farmers planted more than 10 acres.
Country: 
Bangladesh
Indonesia
Sri Lanka
Thailand
Theme: 
Agriculture/Food Security
Tools: 
Title: 
Economics of Adaptation Toolkit
Title: 
Survey Questionnaire
Description: 
Countries Conducting Survey: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.

Strategic Planning and Action to strengthen climate Resilience of Communities in Nusa Tenggara Timor province (SPARC)

The project will apply a holistic approach to improve rural livelihoods and food security by strengthening climate resilience. It will work simultaneously at the policy and grassroots levels. It will create continuous dialogue between these levels and stakeholders involved to ensure that policies to be developed or revised are based on needs and lessons learned from the grassroots.

The climate induced problem that this project is focused on is that the impacts of the ongoing and projected changes in climate will very likely exceed the coping capacity of many rural communities. This will result in decreasing security in terms of livelihoods, food and water, affecting rural development in NTT. Rural communities in NTT are highly dependent on the climate for their subsistence agricultural production and water resources. Ensuring food and water security is already a major challenge. Underlying causes of the problem include 1) Systemic vulnerabilities are high due to geographical and geophysical factors (remote and archipelagic area, with a naturally high climate variability); 2) Slow development progress in NTT (e.g. short term planning, reactive responses to problems, poor infrastructure and communication network); 3) Decentralization challenges (e.g. ineffective coordination, little attention to capacity development for sub-national institutions, 4) Community challenges such as low education levels, cultural perspectives on adopting new approaches and practices.

The project will focus on strengthening and developing climate resilient institutions and rural communities centred around livelihoods, food and water security. In particular, it will support the following long-term solution: 1) Local government (including both provincial and district governments) has integrated climate resilience principles in policy, planning and budgeting, and have the institutional capacity to develop, implement and monitor this; and 2) Communities will strengthen and diversify their livelihoods in anticipation of further changes in the climate and its impacts. Identified barriers that local government and the communities are facing to improve livelihoods, food security and water security in a changing climate include informational, policy, financial, individual, and institutional barriers, with gender cutting across these.

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Thematic Area: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (120.695800781 -8.63100145604)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Villages in Nusa Tenggara Timor province
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
5,000,000 (GEF/SCCF), 100,000 (UNDP)
Co-Financing Total: 
6,337,332 (UNDP), 67,873,318 (Government of NTT)
Project Details: 

Rural communities in Nusa Tenggara Timur [NTT] are highly dependent on the climate for their subsistence agricultural production and water resources. Ensuring food and water security is already a major challenge. The climate-induced problem that this project is focused on is that the mpacts of the ongoing and projected changes in climate will very likely exceed the coping capacity of many rural communities. This will result in decreasing security in terms of livelihoods, food and water, affecting rural development in NTT.

SCCF funding will focus on strengthening and developing climate resilient institutions and rural communities centred around livelihoods, food and water security, to pave the way for climate resilient development in NTT. In particular, it will support the following long-term solution with regard to:

1. Local government and climate resilient development
2. Climate resilient rural communities

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

At the national level, the project will address climate resilience in terms of food, water and livelihood security in NTT, serving as a model for climate resilient development in an increasingly decentralized Indonesia. The project will thus contribute to MDG 1– Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger. Progress on this is of particular importance to NTT because the province has the highest prevalence of underweight children under five years of age, and almost a quarter of the NTT population is below the national poverty line.

Expected project outcomes are:
1. Institutional capacity developed to integrate climate resilience in sustainable development at provincial and district level
2. Livelihoods of vulnerable rural communities strengthened in a changing climate

At the provincial level, SCCF resources will be used to raise awareness, develop institutional capacity, and to integrate climate resilience in development planning, programmes and budgeting. This will indirectly benefit the whole population of NTT, which are 4.7 million people (about 960,000 households).

At the district level, SCCF resources will be invested in 3 districts for integrating climate resilience in district level development planning and programmes and access to knowledge and information, reaching out to all villages and households in these districts:
• Sabu Raijua which has a population size of 91,870 people (18,869 households), living in 58 villages (Desa) and 5 urban neighborhoods (Kelurahan). 
• East Sumba which has a population size of 225,906 people (46,465 households), living in 140 villages and 16 urban neighborhoods
• Manggarai which has a population of 512,065 (105,323 households) living in 132 villages and 17 urban neighborhoods

Out of these 330 villages, SCCF resources will be directly invested in 120 villages (approximately 34,000 households) to develop community vulnerability reduction assessments, community action plans, strengthen resilience of existing livelihoods, introduce alternative livelihoods, and develop climate resilient water resources management, to integrate climate resilience in community development plans, and to develop community based climate risk information system.
 

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

The project will be monitored through the following M& E activities:

Project start: 
A Project Inception Workshop will be held within the first 2 months of project start with those with assigned roles in the project organization structure, UNDP country office and where appropriate/feasible regional technical policy and programme advisors as well as other stakeholders.  The Inception Workshop is crucial to building ownership for the project results and to plan the first year annual work plan.

The Inception Workshop should address a number of key issues including:
a) Assist all partners to fully understand and take ownership of the project. Detail the roles, support services and complementary responsibilities of UNDP CO and RCU staff vis à vis the project team.  Discuss the roles, functions, and responsibilities within the project's decision-making structures, including reporting and communication lines, and conflict resolution mechanisms.  The Terms of Reference for project staff will be discussed again as needed.
b) Based on the project results framework and the relevant SOF (e.g. GEF) Tracking Tool if appropriate, finalize the first annual work plan.  Review and agree on the indicators, targets and their means of verification, and recheck assumptions and risks. 
c) Provide a detailed overview of reporting, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) requirements.  The Monitoring and Evaluation work plan and budget should be agreed and scheduled.
d) Discuss financial reporting procedures and obligations, and arrangements for annual audit.
e) Plan and schedule Project Board meetings.  Roles and responsibilities of all project organisation structures should be clarified and meetings planned.  The first Project Board meeting should be held within the first 12 months following the inception workshop.

An Inception Workshop report is a key reference document and must be prepared and shared with participants to formalize various agreements and plans decided during the meeting. 

Quarterly:
Progress made shall be monitored in the UNDP Enhanced Results Based Managment Platform.
Based on the initial risk analysis submitted, the risk log shall be regularly updated in ATLAS.  Risks become critical when the impact and probability are high.  Note that for UNDP GEF projects, all financial risks associated with financial instruments such as revolving funds, microfinance schemes, or capitalization of ESCOs are automatically classified as critical on the basis of their innovative nature (high impact and uncertainty due to no previous experience justifies classification as critical).
Based on the information recorded in Atlas, a Project Progress Reports (PPR) can be generated in the Executive Snapshot.
Other ATLAS logs can be used to monitor issues, lessons learned etc. The use of these functions is a key indicator in the UNDP Executive Balanced Scorecard.

Annually:
 Annual Project Review/Project Implementation Reports (APR/PIR):  This key report is prepared to monitor progress made since project start and in particular for the previous reporting period (30 June to 1 July).  The APR/PIR combines both UNDP and SOF (e.g. GEF) reporting requirements. 

The APR/PIR includes, but is not limited to, reporting on the following:
• Progress made toward project objective and project outcomes - each with indicators, baseline data and end-of-project targets (cumulative) 
• Project outputs delivered per project outcome (annual).
• Lesson learned/good practice.
• AWP and other expenditure reports
• Risk and adaptive management
• ATLAS QPR
• Portfolio level indicators (i.e. GEF focal area tracking tools) are used by most focal areas on an annual basis as well. 

Periodic Monitoring through site visits:
UNDP CO and the UNDP RCU will conduct visits to project sites based on the agreed schedule in the project's Inception Report/Annual Work Plan to assess first hand project progress.  Other members of the Project Board may also join these visits.  A Field Visit Report/BTOR will be prepared by the CO and UNDP RCU and will be circulated no less than one month after the visit to the project team and Project Board members.

Mid-term of project cycle:
The project will undergo an independent Mid-Term Evaluation at the mid-point of project implementation (insert date).  The Mid-Term Evaluation will determine progress being made toward the achievement of outcomes and will identify course correction if needed. It will focus on the effectiveness, efficiency and timeliness of project implementation; will highlight issues requiring decisions and actions; and will present initial lessons learned about project design, implementation and management.  Findings of this review will be incorporated as recommendations for enhanced implementation during the final half of the project’s term.  The organization, terms of reference and timing of the mid-term evaluation will be decided after consultation between the parties to the project document. The Terms of Reference for this Mid-term evaluation will be prepared by the UNDP CO based on guidance from the Regional Coordinating Unit and UNDP-EEG.  The management response and the evaluation will be uploaded to UNDP corporate systems, in particular the UNDP Evaluation Office Evaluation Resource Center (ERC). 

The relevant SOF (GEF) Focal Area Tracking Tools will also be completed during the mid-term evaluation cycle.

End of Project:
An independent Final Evaluation will take place three months prior to the final Project Board meeting and will be undertaken in accordance with UNDP and SOF (e.g. GEF) guidance. The final evaluation will focus on the delivery of the project’s results as initially planned (and as corrected after the mid-term evaluation, if any such correction took place).  The final evaluation will look at impact and sustainability of results, including the contribution to capacity development and the achievement of global environmental benefits/goals. The Terms of Reference for this evaluation will be prepared by the UNDP CO based on guidance from the Regional Coordinating Unit and UNDP-EEG.

The Terminal Evaluation should also provide recommendations for follow-up activities and requires a management response which should be uploaded to PIMS and to the UNDP Evaluation Office Evaluation Resource Center (ERC). 

The relevant SOF (e.g GEF) Focal Area Tracking Tools will also be completed during the final evaluation.

During the final three months, the project team will prepare the Project Terminal Report. This comprehensive report will summarize the results achieved (objectives, outcomes, outputs), lessons learned, problems met and areas where results may not have been achieved.  It will also lay out recommendations for any further steps that may need to be taken to ensure sustainability and replicability of the project’s results.

Learning and knowledge sharing:
Results from the project will be disseminated within and beyond the project intervention zone through existing information sharing networks and forums. 

The project will identify and participate, as relevant and appropriate, in scientific, policy-based and/or any other networks, which may be of benefit to project implementation though lessons learned. The project will identify, analyze, and share lessons learned that might be beneficial in the design and implementation of similar future projects. Finally, there will be a two-way flow of information between this and related projects.

Audit: 
Project audit will follow UNDP Financial Rules and Regulations, and applicable Audit policies.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Alex Heikens
Regional Policy Advisor - Climate Change
UNDP
Tom Twining-Ward
Regional Technical Advisor
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Funding Source Short Code: 
SCCF
Project Status: 
Display Photo: 

Indonesia- Second National Communication

The creation of a National Communication offers countries the opportunity to contribute with technically sound studies and information that can be used for designing mitigation and adaptation measures, and project proposals that can and will help increase their resilience to the impacts of climate change. Activities generally include: V&A assessments, Greenhouse Gas Inventory preparation, Mitigation Analysis or Education, and awareness raising activities.The ultimate goal is the integration of climate change considerations into relevant social, economic and environmental policies and actions.

Key vulnerabilites identified in Indonesia's Second National Communication (2010):

  • Agriculture
  • Water Resources
  • Forestry
  • Coastal zones and marine ecosystems
  • Public Health
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (107.050775141 -6.20027159208)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Through improved identification of national circumstances, government agencies and other actors will increase their abilities to insulate at risk urban and rural populations from the adverse effects of climate change.
Funding Source: 
Assessments and Background Documents
Project Details: 

Potential Adaptation Measures identified in Indonesia's Second National Communication (2010):

Agriculture

  •  Improvement of water management, irrigation scheme, soil and fertilization management including organic fertilizer and development of carbon efficient farming
  •  Development of early, drought, salinity and inundation tolerant crop varietes
  • Development of farming risks insurance against adverse climate
  • Cropping pattern adjustment by preparation and dissemination of guidance and tools as dynamic cropping calendar and flood and drought naticipation blue print

Coastal zones and marine ecosystems

  • Development of dike sequipped with polder system to protect area behind the dike
  • Mangrove rehabilitation in an effort to increase soil surface and reduce wave energy destruction so that the rate of erosion can be reduced; and
  • Practicing fish culture using sylvofishery.

Public Health

  • Improvement of the disease ecology surveillance system and development of early warning system for outbreaks;
  •  Enhancement of capacity building for the government, private sectors, civil society institutions related to the prevention and mitigation of public health aspects affected by climate change;
  •  Increasing political awareness of the effects of climate change on public health;
  •  Empowering community health service systems for the prevention and control of diseases;
  •  Conducting research and developing methods for epidemiology and medicine to break the chains of disease transmissions; and
  • Prevention and eradication of contagious and vector-borne diseases affected by climate change.

 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 
  • Sustainable development and the integration of climate change concerns into medium- and long-term planning
  • Inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases
  • Measures contributing to addressing climate change
  • Research and systematic observation
  • Climate change impacts, adaptation measures and response strategies
  • Education, training and public awareness
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

In 1992, countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, to cooperatively consider what they could do to limit average global temperature increases and the resulting climate change, and to cope with whatever impacts were, by then, inevitable.

Parties to the Convention must submit national reports on implementation of the Convention to the Conference of the Parties (COP). The required contents of national communications and the timetable for their submission are different for Annex I and non-Annex I Parties. This is in accordance with the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" enshrined in the Convention.

The core elements of the national communications for both Annex I and non-Annex I Parties are information on emissions and removals of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and details of the activities a Party has undertaken to implement the Convention. National communications usually contain information on national circumstances, vulnerability assessment, financial resources and transfer of technology, and education, training and public awareness.

Since 1994, governments have invested significant time and resources in the preparation, collection and validation of data on GHG emissions, and the COP has made determined efforts to improve the quality and consistency of the data, which are ensured by established guidelines for reporting. Non-Annex I Parties receive financial and technical assistance in preparing their national communications, facilitated by the UNFCCC secretariat.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Yamil Bonduki
Coordinator, National Communications Support Programme (NCSP)
Government of Indonesia
Armi Susandi
Location: 
Funding Source Short Code: 
TRUST
Project Status: 

Strategic Planning and Action to strengthen climate Resilience of Communities in Nusa Tenggara Timor province (SPARC)

The project will apply a holistic approach to improve rural livelihoods and food security by strengthening climate resilience. It will work simultaneously at the policy and grassroots levels. It will create continuous dialogue between these levels and stakeholders involved to ensure that policies to be developed or revised are based on needs and lessons learned from the grassroots.

Through the mechanism of pilot and demonstration work in communities across three target districts, together with systematic dissemination of lessons and experiences, new climate resilient approaches will be extended to a much larger rural constituency across NTT. These approaches will first be identified and analyzed in a participatory manner then crafted around existing livelihood systems and coping strategies. The proposed training programme for government, NGO/CSO and academia will be based on these pilots and demonstrations which will also function as field schools. The project will design and establish a provincial level mechanism for sharing knowledge and experience, most likely based in an existing academic institution for longer term sustainability. This knowledge sharing platform will be linked to relevant regional platforms that already exist and can provide access to similar initiatives emerging throughout South East Asia. The Climate Change Adaptation Knowledge Platform supported by SIDA and SEI is one example of a network currently active in South East Asia.    

With emphasis on community empowerment and community driven action, local volunteers will play an important role. The scope will be to reinforce local ownership and mobilize communities to be active participants through volunteer action in the process of adaptation to climate change though knowledge generation and management and capacity building, ensuring that vulnerable groups have the opportunity to participate in decision-making processes that affect their lives. As per request from the provincial development planning agency BAPPEDA, the SPARC project will link directly with the rural development programme recently launched by the Governor of NTT, “self-sustained village through provision of budget for peoples welfare in NTT 2011-2013”. As such, SPARC will leverage 25 million USD government funded development support to 1000 of the poorest rural communities in NTT.

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Thematic Area: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (120.366204829 -8.4368797143)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Villages in Nusa Tenggara Timor province
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$5,000,000
Reports and Publications by country teams
PIFs
Co-Financing Total: 
$54,800,000
Project Details: 

Development in the Nusa Tenggara Timor province (NTT) has been stagnating for quite some time. It is one of the poorest provinces in Indonesia, with a poverty incidence of 25.7% as compared to 16% nationally. In particular, in the western part of Timor Island, where livelihoods are overwhelmingly dependent on agriculture (80%), erratic climate and extreme events regularly cause crop failure, placing many at risk of food insecurity. The vulnerability of the areas to exogenous and long-term change is underlined in low to extremely low income levels and food insecurity. A UN funded survey showed that the proportion of households that spent more than 75% of their income on food was quite high at 45% while more than 80% of the households spent more than 50% or of their income on food.

Scientific evidence has shown that NTT is already facing significant changes in rainfall patterns with the following trends: rainfall has become more erratic and unpredictable, resulting in greater uncertainties about when to plant and harvest; while peak rainfall in the rainy season has become more extreme, exposing NTT to higher flood risks. NTT has also been found to be one of the provinces most strongly affected by the occurrence of extreme climate events due to ENSO, leading to a deepening of the existing food security and malnutrition crisis. as compared to 16% nationally. In particular, in the western part of Timor Island, where livelihoods are overwhelmingly dependent on agriculture (80%), erratic climate and extreme events regularly cause crop failure, placing many at risk of food insecurity. The vulnerability of the areas to exogenous and long-term change is underlined in low to extremely low income levels and food insecurity. A UN funded survey showed that the proportion of households that spent more than 75% of their income on food was quite high at 45% while more than 80% of the households spent more than 50% or of their income on food.

Long term development trends indicate that human development is stagnating across the Province, and this correlates with the observed increased incidence and severity of extreme climatic events. Data from NTT clearly indicate that climate risks and impacts have also led to changing gender roles by undermining the food security of households and leading to dwindling asset bases, especially those controlled by women such as seed, cloth and small livestock. These assets are often sold during times of food shortages. However, the higher frequency of extreme climate events in NTT has meant that households are unable to recover their asset base, thus leading to further marginalization of women.

Furthermore, population growth and poor environmental management are accelerating environmental degradation and have aggravated impacts. This in turn has led to productivity decline and increased poverty, reducing resilience to climate risks. This has had a significant humanitarian impact which is undermining the ability of the provincial government of NTT to meet its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

The government of NTT has become aware of the linkages between climate change and the worsening trends in food security, and acknowledges the need for a more holistic and bottom-up approach for rural development. Recently, it has shown strong commitment to address these issues, and aims to integrate them in the implementation of the medium-term development plan 2009-2013. The latter is of great importance as that would allow for the adjustment of provincial and local government policies, programs, resource allocations, and initiate community based actions to strengthen climate resilience. Within this context the Province needs to develop the knowledge, tools, skills base and systems to progressively increase the resilience of vulnerable rural communities to climate risks through a mix of policy reforms, planning measures, capacity development and the introduction of new adaptation technologies and livelihood options.

The project will apply a holistic approach to improve rural livelihoods and food security by strengthening climate resilience. It will work simultaneously at the policy and grassroots levels. It will create continuous dialogue between these levels and stakeholders involved to ensure that policies to be developed or revised are based on needs and lessons learned from the grassroots.

Through the mechanism of pilot and demonstration work in communities across three target districts, together with systematic dissemination of lessons and experiences, new climate resilient approaches will be extended to a much larger rural constituency across NTT. These approaches will first be identified and analyzed in a participatory manner then crafted around existing livelihood systems and coping strategies. The proposed training programme for government, NGO/CSO and academia will be based on these pilots and demonstrations which will also function as field schools.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Project Objective: Enable the NTT province to strengthen climate Resilience of rural Communities in Nusa Tenggara Timor province

Outcome 1: Increased understanding and capacity to plan for climate induced threats and risk reduction responses affecting vulnerable areas and communities in NTT.

  • Output 1.1 Provincial platform for multi-stakeholder dialogue, coordination and awareness raising established, with links to community, local, national and regional networks for dissemination of knowledge and best practice.
  • Output 1.2  A training programme on climate change adaptation developed and institutionalized in the province and 300 persons from government agencies, universities and CSOs trained.
  • Output 1.3  Provincial and district systems in place for the analysis and monitoring of climate change risks, vulnerabilities and impacts

Outcome 2: Local government and rural communities have integrated climate resilience actions in their development policies, plans and programmes

  • Output 2.1 Provincial government has identified key-policies and programmes at risk, possible adaptation measures and necessary budgetary allocations.
  • Output 2.2  District governments (3 districts) have identified key programmes at risk, priority adaptation measures and made necessary budgetary allocations for managing such risks.
  • Output 2.3 At least 60 villages have integrated adaptation measures in their community vision maps (Law 32/2004) under implementation.

Outcome 3: Livelihoods and sources of income diversified and strengthened for vulnerable rural communities in 3 districts

  • Output 3.1 In at least 60 villages, rural livelihood practices and systems, that have been developed and tested on social, economic and environmental terms, are adjusted to more variable and extreme climatic conditions.
  • Output 3.2 In at least 30 villages, critical water harvesting and storage facilities have been rehabilitated taking into account projected changes in rainfall patterns.
  • Output 3.3 In at least 60 villages diversified and ‘off-farm’ livelihood options less sensitive to climate have been developed and tested as assessed for economic feasibility.
  • Output 3.4 An effective climate risk  knowledge management system covering three districts has been established
Contacts: 
UNDP
Angus Mackay
Regional Technical Advisor
UNDP
Verania Andria
CO Focal Point
Location: 
Funding Source Short Code: 
SCCF
Project Status: 
Display Photo: