Burkina Faso

Climate changes are evident throughout Burkina Faso. The eastern and southwestern parts of the country, which generally have more favourable weather, are increasingly hit by high temperatures and pockets of drought. The government is helping villagers dig wells and build small water reservoirs to better utilize the country’s scarce water resources.

Due to its geographical position, Burkina Faso is characterized by a dry tropical climate which alternates between a short rainy season and a long dry season. Burkina Faso’s climate is prone to strong seasonal and annual variation due to its location in the hinterland and within the confines of the Sahara. The country has three climatic zones: the Sahelian zone in the north receiving less than 600mm average annual rainfall; the north-sudanian zone in the center receiving an average annual rainfall between 600 and 900mm; and the south-sudanian zone in the south with an average annual rainfall in excess of 900mm.

Climate change may affect the Sahelian region of Africa through severe variations in rainfall, water shortage and low agricultural yield. This should amplify drought risks and evaporation, and reduce agricultural productivity (a 10% drop in rainfall is expected by 2050; GIEC, 1997). In addition, climate change will probably result in higher temperatures (a 1.4-1.6°C rise is expected by 2050; GIEC, 1997), potentially increasing the risk for forest fires or bushfires. 

Values adopted by Government under the National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA) were instrumental in assessing vulnerability and adaptation capacities to climate variability and change. Priority measures include (1) Ensuring disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional implementation base, (2) Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance the early warning system, (3) Use knowledge, innovations and education to build a safe and resilient  society at all levels, (4) Reduce underlying risk factors, and (5) Enhance disaster preparedness for efficient response at all levels.

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Promoting Index-Based Weather Insurance for Small Holder Farmers in Burkina Faso

The United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Burkina Faso to develop a project proposal for a new US$4.5 million grant proposal for the Global Environment Facility Least Developed Countries Fund. The proposed "Promoting Index-Based Weather Insurance for Small Holder Farmers in Burkina Faso" project will include US$19 million in co-financing. The project looks to creating enabling conditions for advancing an index-based weather insurance system in Northern Burkina Faso, pilot an insurance program  for small-scale producers (involved in maize and groudnut production) to minimize the damage induced by climate risks, and capture and disseminate lessons learned from the index-based weather insurance experience.

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$4.4 million (Proposed GEF LDCF Grant)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$19 million (Proposed Co-Financing)
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Expected Outcomes

Outcome 1. Enabling conditions for advancing an index-based weather insurance system in Northern Burkina Faso developed

Outcome 2. Insurance program piloted for small scale producers (involved in maize and groudnut) to minimize the damage induced by climate risks.

Outcome 3. Lessons learned from the Index-based Weather Insurance experience are documented and disseminated

Expected Outputs

Output 1. Review the institutional and policy environment to identify gaps and barriers to implementing IBWI

Output 2. Conduct an assessment of institutional capacities and key actors to be trained (including farmers, insurance companies and government officials)

Output 3. Conduct financial literacy and awareness programs for target beneficiaries on IBWI

Output 4. Engage farmers in a participatory and gender sensitive insurance product design and MRV of losses

Output 5. Build a regular sharing and training platform for all stakeholders (farmers, insurance companies, rural banks, and agriculture input companies)

Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1 - Enabling conditions for advancing an index-based weather insurance system in Northern Burkina Faso developed

Outcome 2 - Insurance program piloted for small scale producers (involved in maize and groudnut) to minimize the damage induced by climate risks

Outcome 3 - Lessons learned from the Index-based Weather Insurance experience are documented and disseminated

Project Brief: Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is highly exposed to extreme weather and climate change impacts, most notably floods, droughts, strong winds and high variability in the duration of the rainy and dry seasons. All of these impacts have made it difficult to manage natural resource-based productive sectors including agriculture, fisheries, and forestry. They have also compounded the difficulty of planning for food security, health epidemics and water resource management, particularly dam and hydropower operations.

Supporting Burkina Faso to advance their NAP Process

Status of assistance to Burkina Faso for their NAP proces:

  • The national inauguration workshop for the Burkina Faso NAP took place in Ouagadougou on 17 February 2015. More than 100 representatives from 40 national institutions, associations, civil society and technical and financial partners were involved in the workshop. NAP-GSP and partners  including GIZ, GWP and UNITAR, shared a consolidated technical review of the draft Burkina Faso NAP with CONEDD via the UNDP Burkina Faso Country Office.
  • A Government delegation from Burkina Faso attended the NAP-GSP / PAG-PNA Africa Regional Training Workshop in April 2014.
  • NAP-GSP is following up closely with UNDP Country Office which is assisting Government of Burkina Faso with requests for support.
  • A mission to Burkina Faso was scheduled for December 2013, but was postponed on request from the Secrétariat Permanent du Conseil National pour l’Environnement et le Développement Durable (SP/CONEDD) of the Government of Burkina Faso - in order to more appropriately align with national systems and government schedules.

Etat de l’appui au  processus PNA du Burkina Faso:

  • Le PAG-PNA fait un suivi rapproché à travers le Bureau Pays du PNUD qui appuie le Gouvernement du Burkina Faso dans ses demandes d’appui.
  • Une mission était prévue au Burkina Faso en décembre 2013 mais a été repoussée sur demande du Secrétariat Permanent du Conseil National pour l’Environnement et le Développement Durable (SP/CONEDD) du Gouvernement du Burkina Faso afin de mieux aligner le processus sur les calendriers nationaux gouvernementaux.
  • En janvier 2014, le Gouvernement du Burkina Faso a demandé l’appui du PAG-PNA en vue d’une révision technique du projet de document de feuille de route et de préparation au PNA du Burkina Faso rédigé par le CONEDD.
  • En février 2014, le PAG-PNA et ses partenaire ets, dont la GIZ, le GWP l’UNITAR, ont communiqué une revue technique consolidée du projet de PNA du Burkina Faso au CONEDD à travers le Bureau Pays du PNUD au Burkina Faso.
  • Une délégation du gouvernement du Burkina Faso a assisté à la Atelier régional de formation en Afrique Organisé par le PAG-PNA - Addis Abeba, Ethiopie, 21-24 Avril 2014.

PNA - expérience en adaptation au changement climatique

Présenté par la délégation du gouvernement du Burkina Faso à la Atelier régional de formation en Afrique Organisé par le PAG-PNA - Addis Abeba, Ethiopie, 21-24 Avril 2014.

> More on the NAP process in Burkina Faso / En savoir plus sur le processus PNA au Burkina Faso (en anglais)
> MORE NAP-GSP COUNTRIES / savoir plus sur les pays PAG-PNA

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-1.4941406536864 12.367475610403)
Funding Source: 
Project Details: 

PNA - expérience en adaptation au changement climatique

Présenté par la délégation du gouvernement du Burkina Faso à la Atelier régional de formation en Afrique Organisé par le PAG-PNA - Addis Abeba, Ethiopie, 21-24 Avril 2014.

> More on the NAP process in Burkina Faso / En savoir plus sur le processus PNA au Burkina Faso (en anglais)
> MORE NAP-GSP COUNTRIES / savoir plus sur les pays PAG-PNA

Project Status: 
Information in French / Informations en français: 

Etat de l’appui au  processus PNA du Burkina Faso:

  • Le PAG-PNA fait un suivi rapproché à travers le Bureau Pays du PNUD qui appuie le Gouvernement du Burkina Faso dans ses demandes d’appui.
  • Une mission était prévue au Burkina Faso en décembre 2013 mais a été repoussée sur demande du Secrétariat Permanent du Conseil National pour l’Environnement et le Développement Durable (SP/CONEDD) du Gouvernement du Burkina Faso afin de mieux aligner le processus sur les calendriers nationaux gouvernementaux.
  • En janvier 2014, le Gouvernement du Burkina Faso a demandé l’appui du PAG-PNA en vue d’une révision technique du projet de document de feuille de route et de préparation au PNA du Burkina Faso rédigé par le CONEDD.
  • En février 2014, le PAG-PNA et ses partenaire ets, dont la GIZ, le GWP l’UNITAR, ont communiqué une revue technique consolidée du projet de PNA du Burkina Faso au CONEDD à travers le Bureau Pays du PNUD au Burkina Faso.
  • Une délégation du gouvernement du Burkina Faso a assisté à la Atelier régional de formation en Afrique Organisé par le PAG-PNA - Addis Abeba, Ethiopie, 21-24 Avril 2014.

PNA - expérience en adaptation au changement climatique

Présenté par la délégation du gouvernement du Burkina Faso à la Atelier régional de formation en Afrique Organisé par le PAG-PNA - Addis Abeba, Ethiopie, 21-24 Avril 2014.

> En savoir plus sur le processus PNA au Burkina Faso (en anglais)
> Savoir plus sur les pays PAG-PNA

Display Photo: 

Le Programme PANA renforce les capacités de la Direction de la Météorologie (DGM) du Burkina

 

Le Programme d’Action National d’Adaptation (PANA) à la variabilité et aux Changements Climatiques a octroyé le mardi 12 juin 2012 dix (10) stations synoptiques de marque ADCON  et six (6) agro météorologiques automatiques à la Direction Générale de la Météorologie (DGM) afin de renforcer le réseau de collecte de paramètres météorologiques  en vue d’être plus performant dans la mesure des changements climatiques au Burkina.

Burkina Faso – CCCD Project Identification Form

Project Identification form for the project titled “Generating Global Environmental Benefits from Improved Local Planning and Decision-making Systems in Burkina Faso”

Generating Global Environmental Benefits from Improved Local Planning and Decision-making Systems in Burkina Faso

The project aims to address the inherent complexity and challenges that development institutions face when addressing global environmental issues. It aims to catalyze the mainstreaming of multi-lateral environmental agreements into development paths and processes in Burkina Faso by addressing key capacity gaps.  This is to be achieved by strengthening information management systems and by providing capacity development support to local planning and development processes.

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-0.351562521361 12.9189065945)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$1,067,000
Co-Financing Total: 
$4,191,000
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The project outcomes are as follows –

  1. Functioning, sustainable system for collecting, analyzing, storing and making available accurate and reliable data related to all three Rio Conventions – this will be achieved through the design of the data/information management system (Outcome 1.1); Improved protocols and standards for data collection (Outcome 1.2); The Environmental Observatory technically and materially strengthened to provide a coordinated and sustainable information collection and storage mechanism (Outcome 1.3) and; Collection of a set of cross-cutting global environment knowledge materials covering all three Conventions (Outcome 1.4)
  1. Enhanced institutional capacities to plan and implement development processes that contribute to implementing the Rio Convention – through development of a manual with guidelines on mainstreaming biodiversity, climate change, desertification, disaster management and wetlands management into key development planning and processes (Outcome 2.1); Training a large cadre of experts on the use of such a manual (Outcome 2.2); Practical application of the manual and guidelines to modify development programmes (Outcome 2.3); Global environmental benefits accruing from the implementation of the modified plans (Outcome 2.4) and; Legislation to formalize use of the Manual and guideline (Outcome 2.5)

 

Contacts: 
UNDP
Tom Twining Ward
Regional Technical Advisor
Location: 
Project Status: 

Burkina Faso - LDCF Project Identification Form

Project Identification form for the project " Reducing vulnerability of natural resource dependent livelihoods in two landscapes at risk of the effects of climate change in Burkina Faso: Boucles du Mouhoun Forest Corridor and Mare d’Oursi Wetlands Basin”

Reducing vulnerability of natural resource dependent livelihoods in Boucles du Mouhoun Forest Corridor and Mare d’Oursi Wetlands Basin in Burkina Faso

With more than 70% of the population live on less than $2 per day, Burkina Faso’s economy is heavily dependent on natural resources. In the riparian areas of the Boucles du Mouhoun Forest Corridor (BdM) and the Mare d’Oursi Wetlands Basin (MdO) approximately 150,000 people are directly dependent on natural assets such water, pasture, forests and fertile soil for a living. The project aims to increase the adaptive capacity and reduce vulnerability of the riparian population through timely dissemination of risk information and strengthening of physical, natural and social assets in the two regions. 

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Thematic Area: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-0.922851583844 13.2078604908)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Local communities in the riparian areas of the Boucles du Mouhoun Forest Corridor and the Mare d’Oursi Wetlands Basin
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$7,700,000
Co-Financing Total: 
$21,407,000
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The project has three major components with the following expected outcomes –

Component 1 aims at establishing a knowledge support platform on climate change impacts and risks – under this a geo-based climatic, agro-ecological and hydrological information system (Outcome 1.1) will be operational by the end of year 1; approx. 30 national and provincial planners, plus 235 local commune leaders and 50 staff from NGOs/CSOs will be trained on the use and interpretation of analyses from the established information system (Outcome 1.2)

Component 2 deals with the vulnerability reduction and strengthening of resilience in the management of natural and social assets in the project area – this includes cost-effective rewetting and replanting/ protection of indigenous grasses and herbaceous vegetation resilient to significant climatic variance (Outcome 2.1); ensuring flood and erosion control through a “surgical” and climate anticipatory approach (Outcome 2.2); protection of gazetted forests against climate induced bushfire (Outcome 2.3); establishment of an equitable and climate resilient plan for the use of pasture and water resources (Outcome 2.4); demonstration of polyculture and adaptive agro-ecological production systems in communal lands (Outcome 2.5) and; training of local commune leaders and resource users in climate adaptive and anticipatory management of natural and social assets (Outcome 2.6).

Component 3 aims at mainstreaming Climate change adaptation into local and regional development planning and finance. This will be achieved through – integration of climate risk management and climate resilient landscape management into the management (or master) plans of the project area (Outcome 3.1); incorporation of climate resilient poly-culture model into relevant forestry, agricultural and livestock management strategies, plans and investments (Outcome 3.2) and; establishment of wide collaboration frameworks for learning and sharing climate change concerns and options (Outcome 3.3).

Contacts: 
UNDP
Fabiana Issler
Regional Technical Advisor
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 

Burkina Faso's Second National Communication - In Progress

The creation of a National Communication offers countries the opportunity to contribute with technically sound studies and information that can be used for designing mitigation and adaptation measures, and project proposals that can and will help increase their resilience to the impacts of climate change. Activities generally include: V&A assessments, Greenhouse Gas Inventory preparation, Mitigation Analysis or Education, and awareness raising activities.The ultimate goal is the integration of climate change considerations into relevant social, economic and environmental policies and actions.

Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts:

  • Reduced agricultural production
  • Water shortage and/or groundwater depletion
  • Increased disease and/or other health problems
  • Food security

To view progress on Burkina Faso's SNC click here.

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-1.5224980535 12.3766697036)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Through improved identification of national circumstances, government agencies and other actors will increase their abilities to insulate at risk urban and rural populations from the adverse effects of climate change.
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
420,000
Co-Financing Total: 
410,000
Project Details: 

Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts:

  • Reduced agricultural production
  • Water shortage and/or groundwater depletion
  • Increased disease and/or other health problems
  • Food security

Priority Adaptation Projects:

Water

  • Laying-out and management of the Oursi pond
  • Fight against ponds and stream stranding/silting up
  • Implementation of mechanism and protection area against stream pollution and works for water harnessing (lakes, wells, borings...)

Agriculture and Food

  • Consolidation of early alert and prevention systems regarding food security (information, continuing of the agricultural campaign, seasonal forecasts, security stocks…)
  • Promotion of complementing irrigation projects on food-producing cultivation
  • Fodder production and stockpiling of food (hay, straw)
  • Laying-out and rational management of natural formations, development of non-woody forest products
  • Optimization of the use of water in irrigated fields
  • Securing of pastoral areas and strategic pastoral spaces (shoals, access to water..)
  • Promotion of the CES/DRS techniques
  • Promotion of improved homes, renewable energies and equipment with alternatives energies (pressure cooker, stewpot M'Bora, water-heater and solar dryers...)

Natural resources

  • Management of the fauna and its habitat
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 
  • Sustainable development and the integration of climate change concerns into medium- and long-term planning
  • Inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases
  • Measures contributing to addressing climate change
  • Research and systematic observation
  • Climate change impacts, adaptation measures and response strategies
  • Education, training and public awareness
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

In 1992, countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, to cooperatively consider what they could do to limit average global temperature increases and the resulting climate change, and to cope with whatever impacts were, by then, inevitable.

Parties to the Convention must submit national reports on implementation of the Convention to the Conference of the Parties (COP). The required contents of national communications and the timetable for their submission are different for Annex I and non-Annex I Parties. This is in accordance with the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" enshrined in the Convention.

The core elements of the national communications for both Annex I and non-Annex I Parties are information on emissions and removals of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and details of the activities a Party has undertaken to implement the Convention. National communications usually contain information on national circumstances, vulnerability assessment, financial resources and transfer of technology, and education, training and public awareness.

Since 1994, governments have invested significant time and resources in the preparation, collection and validation of data on GHG emissions, and the COP has made determined efforts to improve the quality and consistency of the data, which are ensured by established guidelines for reporting. Non-Annex I Parties receive financial and technical assistance in preparing their national communications, facilitated by the UNFCCC secretariat.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Yamil Bonduki
Coordinator, National Communications Support Programme (NCSP)
Government of Burkina Faso
Blaise Sawadogo
Project Affiliate
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: