Reducing risk and vulnerability to climate change in Colombia
With one of the highest rates of disaster occurrences in Latin America, Colombia experiences on average 2.97 disasters per year - floods and landslides accounted for a third of these between 1970-1999. The increasing intensity of these events has consequently pushed back advances in social development, leading to increased inequality and poverty. This UNDP-supported project, “Reducing risk and vulnerability to climate change in the region of La Depresión Momposina in Colombia,” focuses on the municipalities of Ayapel, San Marcos and San Benito Abad to reduce the vulnerabilities of communities and wetlands to climate-related flooding and drought risks.
The Ministry of Environment and the United Nations Program for Development Fund resources Kyoto Protocol are running the 'Reducing Risk and Vulnerability against Climate Change in the Region of the Depression Momposina in Colombia' project. This project seeks to reduce the vulnerability of communities to the risks of flooding and drought associated with climate change and increase the resilience of ecosystems in this region. Its main activities focus on the municipalities of Ayapel in Córdoba, San Marcos and San Benito Abad, Sucre. This initiative has been implemented in association with Local Climate Change Consolidation Platform, made up of community leaders and local institutions.
As part of the efforts to strengthen the platforms, a theoretical workshop - 'Sharing knowledge on agro-ecological production practices adapted to the effects of climate change with a focus on risk management and environmental disasters' was conducted, where 33 promoters from 11 communities in the municipalities where the project develops participated.
The workshop was aimed at strengthening the capacity of rural communities that are part of the associative platforms, which requires a knowledge sharing on agro-ecological practices. These included the use of native seeds for planting and establishment of crops of vegetables, fruit, timber, medicinal, aromatic and ornamental; use of (plant and animal) local resources to manage pests, diseases and animal feeding. Theme agrochemicals decrease was also implemented in the establishment of crops, crop rotation and staggered plantings, hedges management and crop management, among others.
Key Results and Outputs
The project objective is to reduce the vulnerability of communities and of wetlands in the region of La Depresion Momposina to flooding and drought risks associated with climate change and variability. To achieve this objective the project will include the following four components:
- The existing hydroclimatological and environmental information system (HEIS) is strengthened and used by local- and regional-level stakeholders, reducing their exposure to the impacts of climate change.
- Wetlands and their hydrology in the target area are rehabilitated as a means of reducing risk to flooding and drought associated with climate change and variability.
- Increased adaptive capacity of local communities in three targeted municipalities through the introduction of agroecological practices that help reduce their vulnerability to the impacts of climate change.
- Institutional and policy capacity strengthened for mainstreaming climate risk management and adaptation measures into planning and decision-making processes.
Reports and Publications
UNDP trained communities on climate change threats related to flooding and help introduce adaptation measures to reduce vulnerabilities.